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Adeliza [Adeliza of Louvain] (c. 1103–1151), queen of England, second consort of Henry I, was a daughter of Godfrey, count of Lower Lorraine and duke of Brabant (d. 1139), and his first wife, Ide, daughter of Henri (III), count of Namur. Adeliza's...

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Ælfgifu [Ælfgifu of Northampton] (fl. 1006–1036), first consort of King Cnut, was the daughter of Ælfhelm, ealdorman of southern Northumbria (d. 1006), and of Wulfrune. She belonged to a great midlands family important throughout the tenth and early eleventh centuries, and the epithet attached to her name by the late eleventh century probably reflects landholding in this area. ...

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Ælfgifu (fl. 956–966), consort of King Eadwig, was possibly a descendant of Ealdorman Æthelfrith of Mercia (fl. c.900) and of his wife, Æthelgyth, who may have been niece of Ealhswith, wife of King Alfred, and thus of Mercian royal blood. She was certainly a blood relative of ...

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Ælfthryth (d. 999x1001), queen of England, consort of King Edgar, was the daughter of Ordgar (d. 971), a powerful magnate of south-west England, and of a royally descended mother of unknown name; her brother Ordulf was founder of Tavistock Abbey. She married first, ...

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Anne [Anna, Anne of Denmark] (1574–1619), queen of England, Scotland, and Ireland, consort of James VI and I, was born on 12 December 1574 at Skanderborg Castle in Jutland, Denmark. She was the second daughter of Frederick II (1534–1588), king of Denmark and Norway...

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Anne [Anne of Bohemia] (1366–1394), queen of England, first consort of Richard II, was the eldest daughter of the Emperor Charles IV and his fourth wife, Elizabeth of Pomerania. She was born at Prague on 11 May 1366. Little is known of her early life, but it is likely that she received an informal education at court. Her marriage to the ...

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Anne [née Anne Neville] (1456–1485), queen of England, consort of Richard III, was the younger daughter of Richard Neville, sixteenth earl of Warwick and sixth earl of Salisbury, the Kingmaker (1428–1471), and of his countess, Anne Beauchamp (d. 1492), who was heir both to the ...

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Anne (1366–1394) tomb effigy © Dean and Chapter of Westminster

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Berengaria [Berengaria of Navarre] (c. 1165–1230), queen of England, consort of Richard I, was the eldest daughter of Sancho VI, king of Navarre (1150–1194), and Sancha, daughter of Alfonso VII of Castile. She was born in Navarre, probably during the 1160s, her eldest brother being the future ...

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Catherine (1638–1705) by Jacob Huysmans, c. 1664 [as a shepherdess] The Royal Collection © 2004 HM Queen Elizabeth II

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Catherine (1401–1437) wooden funeral effigy © Dean and Chapter of Westminster

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Catherine [Catherine of Valois] (1401–1437), queen of England, consort of Henry V, was the youngest daughter of Charles VI of France (r. 1380–1422) and Isabella of Bavaria. She was born at the Hôtel St Pol in Paris on 27 October 1401. Her childhood was clouded by the impoverishment of the royal family and political divisions between the Armagnac and Burgundian factions in ...

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Catherine [Catherine of Braganza, Catarina Henriqueta de Bragança] (1638–1705), queen of England, Scotland, and Ireland, consort of Charles II, was born on 25 November 1638 ns at the Vila Viçosa in Alentejo, Portugal, the third but only surviving daughter of the five children of ...

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Ealdgyth [Aldgyth] (fl. c. 1057–1066), queen of England, consort of Harold II, was the daughter of Ælfgar, earl of Mercia (d. 1062?), and probably of his wife, Ælfgifu; she was sister of Eadwine, earl of Mercia [see under Ælfgar, earl of Mercia (d. 1062?)...

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Edith [Eadgyth] (d. 1075), queen of England, consort of Edward the Confessor, was the eldest daughter of Godwine, earl of Wessex (d. 1053), and his wife, Gytha (c. 1022–1068) [see under Godwine]. Since she was married to Edward (d. 1066) on 23 January 1045, she was probably born no later than 1027. Much of what is known about her comes from the ...

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Eleanor [Eleanor of Provence] (c. 1223–1291), queen of England, consort of Henry III, was born in Provence, the second of four daughters of the count, Raymond-Berengar (V) (1209–1245), and his wife, Béatrice (d. 1265), the daughter of Thomas, count of Savoy. The births of two sons—probably twins—preceded the births of the four daughters, but the boys died very young. The beauty of the daughters, who all became queens, was legendary. ...

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Eleanor, suo jure duchess of Aquitaine (c. 1122–1204) tomb effigy, early 13th cent. photograph: AKG London

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Eleanor (c. 1223–1291) drawing [in the stern of a ship] The British Library

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Eleanor [Eleanor of Aquitaine], suo jure duchess of Aquitaine (c. 1122–1204), queen of France, consort of Louis VII, and queen of England, consort of Henry II, was the elder daughter of Guillaume, eighth count of Poitou, and tenth duke of Aquitaine (1099–1137), and of his wife, ...

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Elizabeth [née Elizabeth Woodville] (c. 1437–1492), queen of England, consort of Edward IV, was the daughter of Richard Woodville or Wydeville, first Earl Rivers (d. 1469), and his wife, Jaquetta de Luxembourg, dowager duchess of Bedford (d. 1472).