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Arber [née Robertson], Agnes (1879–1960), botanist, was born at 26 Regent's Park Road, London, on 23 February 1879, the eldest child of Henry Robert Robertson (1839–1921), an artist, and Agnes Lucy Turner, a descendant of Robert Chamberlain (d. 1798), ceramicist, of ...

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Ayrton [née Marks], (Phoebe) Sarah [Hertha] (1854–1923), electrical engineer and suffragist, was born Phoebe Sarah Marks on 28 April 1854 at 6 Queen Street, Portsea, Portsmouth, third child of Alice Theresa (d. 1898), seamstress, daughter of Joseph Moss, glass merchant of ...

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Fishenden [née White], Margaret (1889–1977), industrial researcher, was born on 24 February 1889 at 6 Orchard Road, Altrincham, near Manchester, the third of the four children of Richard William White, organist, and his wife, Sarah Elizabeth, née Broadbent (b. 1852). She was educated privately and by governesses until the age of thirteen, when in 1902 she was awarded a ...

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Jackson, Daphne Frances (1936–1991), physicist and champion of women in science and engineering, was born on 23 September 1936 at 34 Willesden Avenue, Peterborough, the only daughter and second child of Albert Henry Jackson (1893–1951), an engineering fitter and turner, and Frances Ethel, formerly Elliott (1897–1985)...

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Pirie [née Patey], Antoinette (1905–1991), biochemist, was born on 4 October 1905 in Bond Street, London, the daughter of William James Patey (d. 1941), who owned a pharmacist's shop in Bond Street, and his wife, Florence, née Keen. She was educated at ...

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Procter, Joan Beauchamp (1897–1931), herpetologist, was born on 5 August 1897 at 11 Kensington Square, London, the younger daughter and child of Joseph Procter (1865–1945), member of the London stock exchange, and his wife, Elizabeth Harriet (1862–1925), daughter of William Brockbank and his wife, ...

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See Proctor, Richard Anthony

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Slater, Lydia Elisabeth Leonidovna Pasternak (1902–1989), biochemist, poet, and translator, was born on 21 March 1902 in Moscow, the last of four children of Leonid Osipovich Pasternak (1862–1945), painter, and his wife, Rosalia Isidorovna Kaufmann (1867–1939), concert pianist. Despite the artistic milieu surrounding her childhood—...

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Vaughan, Dame Helen Charlotte Isabella Gwynne- [née Helen Charlotte Isabella Fraser] (1879–1967), mycologist and women's activist, was born on 21 January 1879, at Chapel Street, Westminster, London, the elder daughter of Captain Arthur H. Fraser (1852–1884), Scots Guards, and his wife, Lucy Jane (1855/6–1939)...

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Dame Helen Charlotte Isabella Gwynne- Vaughan (1879–1967) by Lafayette, 1929 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Dame Janet Maria Vaughan (1899–1993) by Elliott & Fry, 1945 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Vaughan [married name Gourlay], Dame Janet Maria (1899–1993), haematologist and radiobiologist, was born on 18 October 1899 at 4 Albert Road, Clifton, Bristol, the eldest of the four children of William Wyamar Vaughan (1865–1938), schoolmaster, and his first wife, Margaret, née Symonds (1869–1925)...