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Elizabeth Campbell, duchess of Argyll and suo jure Baroness Hamilton of Hameldon (bap. 1733, d. 1790) by Sir Joshua Reynolds, 1758–9 Board of Trustees of the National Museums and Galleries on Merseyside (Lady Lever Art Gallery, Port Sunlight)

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Campbell [née Gunning], Elizabeth, duchess of Argyll and suo jure Baroness Hamilton of Hameldon [other married name Elizabeth Hamilton, duchess of Hamilton and Brandon] (bap. 1733, d. 1790), courtier, was probably born at Hemingford Grey, Huntingdonshire, and was probably baptized there on 7 December 1733, the second of five daughters of ...

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Cromwell [née Bourchier], Elizabeth (1598–1665), lady protectress of England, Scotland, and Ireland, consort of Oliver Cromwell, was one of twelve children of Sir James Bourchier (c.1574–1635), merchant and furrier, and his wife, Frances, daughter of Thomas Crane of Newton Tony, Wiltshire...

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Davis [Davies; married name Paisible], Mary [Moll] (c. 1651–1708), actress and royal mistress, was said to be 'a bastard of Collonell Howard, my Lord Barkeshire' (Pepys, 9.24), a phrase which is more likely to refer to Thomas Howard (bap...

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Douglas, Margaret, duchess of Douglas (1714–1774), noblewoman, was the eldest daughter of James Douglas (formerly Campbell) of Mains, Dunbartonshire, a member of a cadet branch of the family of the earls of Morton, and his wife, Isabel, daughter of Hugh Corbet of Hardgray...

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Eleanor Gwyn (1651?–1687) by Gerard Valck, c. 1673 (after Sir Peter Lely, c. 1670) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Gwyn, Eleanor [Nell] (1651?–1687), actress and royal mistress, was born, according to a contemporary horoscope, on 2 February 1651. Her parentage remains obscure, as does her place of birth. Nell had a sister named Rose and her mother was Helena (d...

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Lady Flora Elizabeth Hastings (1806–1839) by W. & E. Finden, pubd 1840 (after E. Hawkins) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Hastings, Lady Flora Elizabeth (1806–1839), courtier, was born on 11 February 1806, the eldest of the four daughters and two sons of Francis Rawdon Hastings, first marquess of Hastings, and his wife, Flora Mure-Campbell (1780–1840), in her own right countess of Loudoun. Brought up at ...

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Hervart, Esther d' [married name Esther de la Tour du Pin, marquise de Gouvernet in the French nobility; known as Madame de Gouvernet] (c. 1636–1722), noblewoman and refugee, was the only daughter among the three surviving children of Barthélemy d'Hervart (1607–1676) and his wife, ...

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Margaret, Princess [Princess Margaret of Connaught] (1882–1920), crown princess of Sweden, consort of Gustav Adolf, was born Margaret Victoria Augusta Charlotte Norah on 15 January 1882 at Bagshot Park, Surrey, eldest of the three children of Queen Victoria's favourite son, Arthur, duke of Connaught...

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Maud, Princess (1869–1938), queen of Norway, consort of Haakon VII, was born prematurely on 26 November 1869 at Marlborough House, London. The fifth child and youngest of the three daughters of the future king Edward VII (1841–1910) and Queen Alexandra (1844–1925), she was baptized on 24 December ...

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Princess Maud (1869–1938) by W. & D. Downey, 1905 [with her husband, King Haakon VII of Norway] © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Elizabeth Murray, duchess of Lauderdale and suo jure countess of Dysart (bap. 1626, d. 1698) by Sir Peter Lely, c. 1648 V&A Images, The Victoria and Albert Museum

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Murray [married names Tollemache, Maitland], Elizabeth, duchess of Lauderdale and suo jure countess of Dysart (bap. 1626, d. 1698), noblewoman, baptized on 28 September 1626 at St Martin-in-the-Fields, London, was the eldest of the five daughters of William Murray, first earl of Dysart...

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Palmer [née Villiers], Barbara, countess of Castlemaine and suo jure duchess of Cleveland (bap. 1640, d. 1709), royal mistress, was baptized at St Margaret's, Westminster, on 27 November 1640, the only child of William Villiers, second Viscount Grandison (1614–1643), and his wife, ...

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Barbara Palmer, countess of Castlemaine and suo jure duchess of Cleveland (bap. 1640, d. 1709) studio of Sir Peter Lely, c. 1665–75 [as the Madonna] © National Portrait Gallery, London

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See Shelton family

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Stuart [married name Seymour], Lady Arabella [Arbella] (1575–1615), noblewoman and royal kinswoman, was the daughter of Charles Stuart, earl of Lennox (1555/6–1576), and his wife, Elizabeth (1554?–1582), daughter of Sir William Cavendish and his third wife, Elizabeth, née Hardwick (from 1567 or 1568, by her fourth marriage, ...

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Lady Arabella Stuart (1575–1615) by John Whittakers senior, 1619 © National Portrait Gallery, London