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Blackwell [née Blachrie], Elizabeth (bap. 1707, d. 1758), botanical author and artist, was baptized on 22 June 1707 at St Nicholas, Aberdeen, the sixth daughter of a prosperous stocking merchant, William Blachrie (b. c.1669) and his wife, Isobel Fordyce. Elizabeth...

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Gordon [née Ogilvie], Dame Maria Matilda (1864–1939), geologist and women's activist, was born on 30 April 1864 in Monymusk, Aberdeenshire, elder daughter among seven children of Revd Alexander Ogilvie (1830/31–1904), schoolmaster, and his wife, Maria Matilda Nicol. The family moved to Aberdeen...

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Gray [née Anderson], Elizabeth (1831–1924), fossil collector, was born on 21 February 1831 at the Burns Arms inn, Alloway, near Ayr, the second child of Thomas Anderson, innkeeper, and his wife, Mary Hamilton Young. She began her education at a small private school in ...

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Guppy [née Beach; other married name Coote], Sarah (bap. 1770, d. 1852), inventor, was born in Birmingham where she was baptized at St Philip's Church on 5 November 1770, the daughter of Richard Beach and his wife, Mary. Her family was involved in the brass and sugar trades, which may have been how she met ...

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Macgregor [née McPherson], (Janet) Elizabeth [Betty] (1920–2005), cytologist, was born at 11 Lynedoch Place, Glasgow, on 12 January 1920, the daughter of Andrew McPherson (1884–1946), company secretary, and his wife, Jean (Jennie), née Craig (1886–1929). She had an elder brother, Andrew (1917–1940)...

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Mackinnon, Doris Livingstone (1883–1956), protozoologist, was born on 30 September 1883 at 4 Forest Road, Aberdeen, the eldest of five children of Lachlan Mackinnon (1855–1948), advocate and consular agent for France and Belgium, and his wife, Theodora Thompson of London. Her interest in science was stimulated by her father (an amateur ornithologist, botanist, and astronomer) and by her acquaintance with the geologist ...

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Maunder [née Russell], Annie Scott Dill (1868–1947), astronomer, was born on 14 April 1868 in Strabane, co. Tyrone, the second of three children and the younger daughter of William Andrew Russell (1824–1899), minister of the Presbyterian church in that town, and his wife, ...

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Megaw, Helen Dick (1907–2002), crystallographer, was born on 1 June 1907 at 44 Northumberland Road, Dublin, in the family of two sons and five daughters of Robert Dick Megaw (d. 1947), barrister, politician, and judge, and his wife, Annie, née McElderry. Her father had been called to the Irish bar in 1893 and took silk in 1921; from 1912 to 1914 he was professor of common law at the ...

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Meyer, Margaret Theodora (1862–1924), mathematician, was born in September 1862 in Ulster, the second child and eldest daughter of Thedore Jonah Meyer, a Presbyterian minister and a naturalized British subject from 1855, and his wife, Jane Ann, the daughter of William Stevenson. Her elder brother, ...

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Annie Lorrain Smith (1854–1937) by unknown photographer © The Natural History Museum, London

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Smith, Annie Lorrain (1854–1937), mycologist and lichenologist, was born on 23 October 1854 in Everton, Liverpool, a younger daughter of the Revd Walter Smith, minister in the Free Church of Scotland, and his wife, Annie Lorrain, née Brown. The family was large and talented; three sons became university professors....

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Somerville [née Fairfax; other married name Greig], Mary (1780–1872), science writer and mathematics expositor, was born on 26 December 1780 at the manse, Jedburgh, Roxburghshire, the fifth of seven children (three of whom died young) of Lieutenant (later Vice Admiral Sir) William George Fairfax (1739–1813)...

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Mary Somerville (1780–1872) by Thomas Phillips, 1834 Scottish National Portrait Gallery