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Mary Sophia Allen (1878–1964) by Mrs Albert Broom, 1916 [centre, with members of the women police] © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Allen, Mary Sophia (1878–1964), police officer, was born on 12 March 1878 at 2 Marlborough Terrace, Newport Road, Roath, Glamorgan, the daughter of Thomas Isaac Allen, a superintendent of the Great Western Railway, and his wife, Margaret Sophia Carlyle. Her sister, Mrs Hampton...

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Barker, Dame Lilian Charlotte (1874–1955), prison administrator, was born on 21 February 1874 in Islington, the fifth of seven children and youngest daughter of James Barker, tobacconist, and his wife, Caroline Williams. Educated at the local elementary school, she was trained at Whitelands College, Chelsea...

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Bather, Elizabeth Constance (1904–1988), police officer, was born on 11 October 1904 in Winchester, Hampshire, the daughter of the Revd Arthur George Bather, a housemaster at Winchester College, Hampshire, and his wife, Lilian Dundas Firth. She was educated at St Swithun's School, Winchester...

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Bowerman, Elsie Edith (1889–1973), suffragette and lawyer, was born on 18 December 1889 at Barnsbury Lodge, Garden Road, Tunbridge Wells, the only child of William Bowerman (c.1825–1895) and his wife, Edith Martha Barber (1864–1953). She was educated at Wycombe Abbey School...

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Bruce, Victoria Alexandrina Katherine (1898–1951), prison governor, was born on 13 September 1898 at Kennet House, Clackmannan, the youngest by fifteen years in the family of two sons and three daughters of Alexander Hugh Bruce, sixth Lord Balfour of Burleigh (1849–1921), secretary for ...

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Dawson, Margaret Mary Damer (1873–1920), a founder of the Women's Police Service, was born at 1 York Road, Hove, Sussex, on 12 June 1873, the daughter of Richard Dawson (b. 1829/30), a surgeon, and his wife, Agnes Baird Hemming (1851/2–1926), who in 1914, following her husband's death, married ...

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Eadie [née Hearn], Ellice Aylmer (1912–2001), barrister and civil servant, was born on 30 June 1912 at Edmonton, St Patrick's Hill, Cork, the daughter of Robert Thomas Hearn (d. 1952), Church of Ireland clergyman, later bishop of Cork, and his wife, ...

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Eaton, Gertrude (1863–1940), musician, suffragist, and international penal reformer, was born at Brynmor, Swansea, on 6 December 1863, the sixth child and fifth daughter of Robert Eaton of Bryn-y-mor, gentleman and justice of the peace for county of Glamorgan, and his wife, Helen Edith, ...

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Elles [née Newcombe], Diana Louie Maud, Baroness Elles (1921–2009), barrister, voluntary worker, and politician, was born on 19 July 1921 at 34 Kimbolton Road, Bedford, the daughter of Lieutenant-Colonel Stewart Francis Newcombe (1878–1956) and his wife, Elsie (Elisabeth), née Chaki (1897–1973). Her father was an army officer and surveyor who became a close associate of ...

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See Franks, Oliver Shewell, Baron Franks

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Gordon, Mary Louisa (1861–1941), physician and prison inspector, was born on 15 August 1861 at Seaforth in Lancashire, the daughter of James Gordon (1809/10-1894), hide and tallow broker, and his wife, Mary Emily, néeCarter (1831/2-1915). The Gordons had lived for generations in the ...

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Hartland, Ethel Mary (1875–1964), suffragist and magistrate, was born at Church Street, Morriston, Swansea, on 1 September 1875, the second child and eldest daughter of Edwin Sidney Hartland (1848–1927), and his Welsh-born wife, Mary Elizabeth, née Morgan (1851–1945). Her father was a solicitor in practice in ...

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Kitchen, Jane (d. 1658), farmer and parish constable, lived in Upton by Southwell in Nottinghamshire. Nothing is known of her early life. In 1619 she married John Kitchen (d. 1643), yeoman and churchwarden, son of John Kitchen of Upton, outside the parish of ...

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See MacDonald, Malcolm John

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(Jessie) Chrystal Macmillan (1872–1937) by unknown photographer, c. 1912 Mary Evans / The Women's Library

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Macmillan, (Jessie) Chrystal (1872–1937), barrister and political activist, was born on 13 June 1872 at 8 Duke Street, Edinburgh, the only daughter in the family of nine children of John Macmillan, a wealthy tea merchant and past master of the Edinburgh Merchant Company...

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Martin, Sarah (1791–1843), prison visitor, was born in June 1791 at Caister on the Norfolk coast. She was an only child and her father, a local tradesman, and her mother both died in her infancy. She was brought up by her widowed grandmother, a glove maker, and attended ...

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Dame Barbara Jean Lyon Mills (1940–2011) by Nicholas Turpin, 1992 © Nicholas Turpin / The Independent / Rex Features

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Mills [née Warnock], Dame Barbara Jean Lyon (1940–2011), barrister and public servant, was born on 10 August 1940 at Wroxton, Lower Road, Chorleywood, Hertfordshire, the elder daughter of John Lyon Warnock, chartered accountant, and his wife, Nora Kitty, née Sheather (1911–1997). At the time of her birth registration her parents lived at ...