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Ayrton [née Marks], (Phoebe) Sarah [Hertha] (1854–1923), electrical engineer and suffragist, was born Phoebe Sarah Marks on 28 April 1854 at 6 Queen Street, Portsea, Portsmouth, third child of Alice Theresa (d. 1898), seamstress, daughter of Joseph Moss, glass merchant of ...

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Erroll [née Drummond; married name Hay], Anne, countess of Erroll (1656–1719), Jacobite and naturalist, was the youngest child of James Drummond, third earl of Perth (c.1615–1675). She exclusively used her toponymical byname (Erroll) rather than her maiden name (...

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Philippa Garrett Fawcett (1868–1948) by unknown photographer The Principal and Fellows, Newnham College, Cambridge

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Fawcett, Philippa Garrett (1868–1948), mathematician and civil servant, was born in London on 4 April 1868, the only daughter of Henry Fawcett (1833–1884), Liberal politician and professor of political economy at Cambridge, and his wife, Millicent Garrett Fawcett (1847–1929), leader of the women's suffragist movement. ...

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Lonsdale [née Yardley], Dame Kathleen (1903–1971), crystallographer and pacifist, was born Kathleen Yardley in Newbridge, Ireland, on 28 January 1903, the youngest child of Harry Frederick Yardley (d. 1923), the local postmaster, and his wife, Jessie Cameron. In 1908 Kathleen's mother, who had been brought up in ...

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Marcet, Jane Haldimand (1769–1858), writer on science and political economy, was born in London, one of twelve children and only surviving daughter of the Swiss merchant and banker Anthony Francis Haldimand (1740/41–1817) and his wife, Jane (d. 1785). She was baptized on 23 June 1769. The ...

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Jane Haldimand Marcet (1769–1858) by unknown engraver Edgar Fahs Smith Collection, University of Pennsylvania Library

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Mee [née Brown; other married name Bartlett], Margaret Ursula (1909–1988), political activist and botanical artist, was born on 22 May 1909 at The Crest, White Hill, Chesham, Buckinghamshire, one of three daughters of George John Henderson Brown (d. 1938), insurance clerk, and his wife, ...

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Nissel [née Griffiths], Muriel (1921–2010), statistician and civil servant, was born on 30 January 1921 at 38 Perham Road, Fulham, London, the only child of Evan Griffiths, a civil servant in the General Post Office, and his wife, Bessie May, née Phillips...

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Beryl Catherine Platt, Baroness Platt of Writtle (1923–2015), by unknown photographer, c. 1940s

Courtesy of Vicky Platt

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Platt (née Myatt), Beryl Catherine, Baroness Platt of Writtle (1923–2015), engineer, local government politician, and public servant, was born on 18 April 1923 at Holmwood, Westleigh Avenue, Leigh-on-Sea, Essex, the daughter of Ernest Myatt (1889–1950), bank clerk, and his wife, ...

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Shakespear [née Wood], Dame Ethel Mary Reader (1871–1946), public servant and geologist, was born on 17 July 1871 at Biddenham, near Bedford, the daughter of the Revd Henry Wood (c.1829–1912). After attending Bedford high school, she entered Newnham College, Cambridge...

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Dame Ethel Mary Reader Shakespear (1871–1946) by unknown photographer The Principal and Fellows, Newnham College, Cambridge