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Brigitte Alice Askonas (1923–2013) by unknown photographer, 1970s © reserved; National Institute of Medical Research

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Askonas, Brigitte Alice [Ita] (1923–2013), immunologist and biochemist, was born on 1 April 1923 in Vienna, the second child and only daughter of Czech parents who were Jewish converts to Catholicism, Carl Frederick (later Charles Frederick) Askonas (1893–1946) and his wife, Rose, née...

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Beddington, Rosa Susan Penelope (1956–2001), developmental biologist, was born on 23 March 1956 at King's College Hospital, Denmark Hill, London, the second daughter of (Julian) Roy Beddington, artist and writer, of Esseborne Manor, Hurstbourne Tarrant, Andover, Hampshire, and his wife, Anna Dorothy, née...

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Fielding, Una Lucy (1888–1969), neuroanatomist, was born on 2 May 1888 in Wellington, New South Wales, Australia. She was the eldest of five surviving children of the Revd Sydney Glanville Fielding, Anglican clergyman and author, and Lucy Frances Johnson. In 1893 the family moved to ...

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Phebe Lankester (1825–1900) by Sir Hubert von Herkomer, 1895 Ipswich Borough Council Museums and Galleries

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Lankester [née Pope], Phebe [pseud. Penelope] (1825–1900), writer on botany and health, was born on 10 April 1825 in Manchester, the eldest daughter of Samuel Pope, a former mill owner, and his wife, Phebe, née Rushton. She grew up in middle-class ...

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Macgregor [née McPherson], (Janet) Elizabeth [Betty] (1920–2005), cytologist, was born at 11 Lynedoch Place, Glasgow, on 12 January 1920, the daughter of Andrew McPherson (1884–1946), company secretary, and his wife, Jean (Jennie), née Craig (1886–1929). She had an elder brother, Andrew (1917–1940)...

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See Williamson, George Scott

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Robertson, Muriel (1883–1973), protozoologist and bacteriologist, was born on 8 April 1883 in Glasgow, the seventh child and fourth daughter of Robert Andrew Robertson (1842–1899), a distinguished engineer, and his wife, Elizabeth Ritter (b. 1851), originally from Limavady, co. Londonderry. Her early education at home, with tutors and governesses, stimulated a lively interest in languages, literature, philosophy, and travel, which she maintained throughout her life. Her formal education started in 1901 at the ...

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Rookwood [married name Gage], Elizabeth (1684–1759), estate manager, Roman Catholic recusant and scholar, was born at Coldham Hall, Stanningfield, Suffolk, on 4 January 1684, the only surviving child of Thomas Rookwood 1658–1726, and his first wife, Tamworth Martin d. 1684; her mother died in childbirth giving birth to ...

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Smith, Audrey Ursula (1915–1981), medical scientist and cryobiologist, was born in India on 21 May 1915, and baptized at Chindwara, India, one of the two children of Alan Kenyon Smith, of the Indian Civil Service, and Gertrude May Smith.

Audrey Smith entered King's College, London...

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Audrey Ursula Smith (1915–1981) by unknown photographer, c. 1950 National Institute for Medical Research

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Tait [née Wardropper; other married name Simpson], Sylvia Agnes Sophia (1917–2003), biochemist and endocrinologist, was born in Tumen, Siberia, on 8 January 1917, the daughter of James William Wardropper, a Scottish agronomist, and his wife, Ludmila, a Russian who had graduated in mathematics from the ...

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Dame Janet Maria Vaughan (1899–1993) by Elliott & Fry, 1945 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Vaughan [married name Gourlay], Dame Janet Maria (1899–1993), haematologist and radiobiologist, was born on 18 October 1899 at 4 Albert Road, Clifton, Bristol, the eldest of the four children of William Wyamar Vaughan (1865–1938), schoolmaster, and his first wife, Margaret, née Symonds (1869–1925)...

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Vogt, Marthe Louise (1903–2003), pharmacologist and neurochemist, was born on 8 September 1903 in Berlin, Germany, the elder daughter of Oskar Vogt (1870–1959) and his wife, Cécile, née Mugnier (1875–1962), both neurologists. Oskar Vogt came from a Lutheran family in Schleswig-Holstein and Cécile...

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Warner [née Brooks], Anne Elizabeth (1940–2012), physiologist and developmental biologist, was born on 25 August 1940 at Redhill County Hospital, Edgware, Middlesex, the only child of James Frederick Crompton Brooks (1914–1996), an engineer then serving as a technical costs officer in the ...

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Anne Elizabeth Warner (1940–2012) by unknown photographer, c.1968 © The Royal Society

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Watkins, Winifred May (1924–2003), biochemist, was born on 6 August 1924 at 116 Coningham Road, Hammersmith, London, the second daughter of Albert Edward Watkins, a process engraver for a firm that worked for newspapers, and his wife, Annie Bertha, née Delia. Her family had no apparent scientific connections. She was educated at ...