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See Addison, Joseph

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See Palairet, Sir (Charles) Michael

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Astor [née Langhorne], Nancy Witcher, Viscountess Astor (1879–1964), society hostess and politician, was born at Danville, Virginia, on 19 May 1879, the eighth child in a family of eleven. Her father, Chiswell Dabney Langhorne (1843–1919), a veteran of the American Civil War, had made his fortune in railway construction and bought an estate at ...

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Nancy Witcher Astor, Viscountess Astor (1879–1964) by George Charles Beresford, 1920 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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See Macdonald sisters

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Belasyse [née Cromwell], Mary, Countess Fauconberg (bap. 1637, d. 1713), daughter of Oliver Cromwell, was born in Ely, Cambridgeshire, and baptized at St John's Church, Huntingdon, on 9 February 1637, the eighth of nine children and the third of four daughters of ...

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Bendish [née Ireton], Bridget (1649/50–1726), granddaughter of Oliver Cromwell, was the daughter of Henry Ireton (bap. 1611, d. 1651), parliamentarian army officer and regicide, and his wife, Bridget Fleetwood (bap. 1624, d. 1662), daughter of Oliver Cromwell, lord protector. Her mother married ...

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Bridgeman [née Weld-Forester], Selina Louisa, countess of Bradford (1819–1894), correspondent of Benjamin Disraeli, was born in London on 17 February 1819, the seventh and youngest child of Cecil, first Baron Forester (1767–1828), MP and landowner, and his wife, née Lady Katherine Manners (1779–1829)...

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Selina Louisa Bridgeman, countess of Bradford (1819–1894) by Edward Clifford, 1876 Copyright of the Trustees of the Weston Park Foundation

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Britannia (fl. 1st– cent.21st) by Jan Roettier, 1667 [reverse] © Copyright The British Museum

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Britannia (fl. 1st–21st cent.), allegory of a nation, emblem of empire, and patriotic icon, is by origin a child of Rome, representing an outpost of the Roman empire. Her earliest known appearances did not augur well for her future: rock reliefs at Aphrodisias...

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Joan Bull (supp. fl. 1928–1946) by David Low, 1928 Evening Standard; collection University of Kent at Canterbury

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Bull, Joan (supp. fl. 1928–1946), fictitious epitomist of enfranchised women, the analogue of John Bull, was created by the cartoonist David Low (1891–1963) to symbolize the women aged between twenty-one and thirty who obtained the vote in 1928 despite opposition from the 'diehard dimwits'—clear precursors of ...

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Carrie, Isabella Scrimgeour (1878–1981), suffragette and schoolteacher, was born on 3 May 1878 at 26 Wardmill Road in the parish of St Vigeans, Arbroath, the daughter of Richard Carrie (c.1836–1912), bleachfield worker, and his wife, Ann Robertson Harris (c.1842–1903)...

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Clementine Ogilvy Spencer- Churchill, Baroness Spencer-Churchill (1885–1977) by Dorothy Wilding, 1943 William Hustler and Georgina Hustler / © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Churchill, Clementine Ogilvy Spencer- [née Clementine Ogilvy Hozier], Baroness Spencer-Churchill (1885–1977), political wife, was born at 75 Grosvenor Street, London, on 1 April 1885, and was assumed to be the second among the four children (three daughters, one son) of Colonel Henry Montague Hozier (1838–1907)...

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Claypole [Cleypole, Claypoole; née Cromwell], Elizabeth (bap. 1629, d. 1658), daughter of Oliver Cromwell, was born in Huntingdon and baptized at St John's Church there on 2 July 1629, the sixth of nine children and the second of four daughters of Oliver Cromwell (1599–1658)...

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Disraeli [née Evans; other married name Lewis], Mary Anne, Viscountess Beaconsfield (1792–1872), political wife, was born in Exeter on 11 November 1792, the second surviving child and only daughter of John Evans (1760–1794), naval lieutenant, and his wife, Eleanor Viney (d...

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Mary Drew (1847–1927) by Hayman Selig Mendelssohn, c. 1880 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Drew [née Gladstone], Mary (1847–1927), private secretary and author, was born at 13 Carlton House Terrace, London, on 23 November 1847, the third of the four daughters and fifth in the family of eight children of William Ewart Gladstone (1809–1898), prime minister, and his wife, ...