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Dame Margery Irene Corbett Ashby (1882–1981) by Edmond Xavier Kapp from the collection of Patricia Kapp

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Ashby, Dame Margery Irene Corbett (1882–1981), feminist and internationalist, was born on 19 April 1882 in London, the eldest of three children (two girls and a boy) of Charles Henry Joseph Corbett, businessman and landowner of Woodgate, Danehill, Sussex, and his wife, Marie...

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Atkinson, Mabel (1876–1958), feminist and socialist, was born on 22 May 1876 at Ridley Mill, Broomley, near Stocksfield, in rural Northumberland. She was the daughter of John Boland Atkinson, inspector of mines, and his wife, Jane, née Elliott (b. 1853), feminist and militant suffragette; she had four brothers and one sister. Her parents were, as she later said, progressive and sympathetic on female education and employment. As a young woman, however, she chafed against restrictive middle-class Victorian behaviour and dress; she considered the bicycle 'the first great emancipation' for women (...

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Auld [née Jardine; other married name Marshall], Mary (1893–1984), local politician and women's organizer, was born on 8 July 1893 in Main Street, Lockerbie, Dumfriesshire, the fourth child of seven born to Francis Jardine, clog maker, and his wife, Agnes Wallace. She attended ...

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Chaudhurani, Sarala Devi (1872–1945), political activist and campaigner for women's rights in India, was born on 9 September 1872 at Jorasanko, Calcutta, the younger daughter and youngest of the three children of Janakinath Ghosal (1840–1913), son of a local zamindar of Krishnanagar, and a supporter of the ...

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Charlotte Despard (1844–1939) by Mary Edis, exh. 1916 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Despard [née French], Charlotte (1844–1939), feminist and socialist reformer, was born on the family estate at Ripple Vale in Kent on 15 June 1844, the third child and third daughter of the family of five daughters and one son of Captain John Tracey William French (...

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Duval [née Dugdale], Una Harriet Ella Stratford (1879–1975), suffragette and marriage reformer, was born on 28 January 1879 at Slanmore, Beulah Hill, Upper Norwood, Surrey, the elder daughter and one of five children of Commander Edward Stratford Dugdale, a naval officer, and his wife, ...

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Garvey, Amy Ashwood (1895/1897–1969), pan-African organizer and feminist, is variously recorded as having been born on 18 January 1895 and on 10 January 1897, in Port Antonio, Jamaica. She was the only daughter among three children of Michael Delbert Ashwood, businessman, and his wife, ...

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Amy Ashwood Garvey (1895/18971897–1969) by unknown photographer © reserved; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

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Jewson, Dorothea [Dorothy] (1884–1964), feminist and politician, was born on 17 August 1884 at Thorpe Hamlet, Norwich, one of two children of Alderman George Jewson JP, a coal and timber merchant, and his wife, Mary Jane Jarrold. The family firm Jewson & Son...

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Knightley [née Bowater], Louisa Mary, Lady Knightley (1842–1913), churchwoman and women's activist, was born on 25 April 1842 at 37 Lower Grosvenor Street, London, the only child of Major-General Sir Edward Bowater (1787–1861) and his wife, Emilia Mary, daughter of Colonel Michael Barne...

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Lanchester, Edith (1871–1966), socialist and feminist, was born at 1 St John's Terrace, Hove, Sussex, on 28 July 1871, the fifth child in the family of eight children of Henry Jones Lanchester (1834–1914), an architect, and his wife, Octavia Ward (1834–1916). Her brother ...

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Margaret Ethel Gladstone MacDonald (1870–1911) by Elliott & Fry, 1906 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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MacDonald, Margaret Ethel Gladstone (1870–1911), socialist and feminist, was born on 20 July 1870 at 17 Pembridge Square, London, the only daughter of John Hall Gladstone (1827–1902), professor of chemistry at the Royal Institution, and his second wife, Margaret Thompson King (d...

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Phillips, Mary Elizabeth (1880–1969), suffragette and feminist, was born on 15 July 1880 in St Mary Bourne, Hampshire, the daughter of William Fleming Phillips, a doctor who worked in Glasgow and encouraged her to join the suffrage campaign, and his wife, Louisa Elizabeth, ...

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Porter, Muriel Lilah Matters- [née Muriel Lilah Matters] (1877–1969), suffragist and feminist, was born on 12 November 1877 in Adelaide, South Australia, the daughter of John Leonard Matters, a cabinet-maker, and his wife, Emma Alma Harburton. Educated at Adelaide high school, she ascribed an early interest in women's suffrage later in life to reading ...

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Power, Jane [Jennie] Wyse [née Jane O'Toole] (1858–1941), Irish nationalist and feminist, was born in May 1858 in Main Street, Baltinglass, co. Wicklow, the youngest of the seven children, three daughters and four sons, of Edward O'Toole, provision dealer, and his wife, ...

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Sheepshanks, Mary Ryott (1872–1960), educationist, feminist, and internationalist, was born on 25 October 1872 at Bilton vicarage, near Harrogate, Yorkshire, the second of the thirteen surviving children of John Sheepshanks (1834–1912), later bishop of Norwich, and his wife, Margaret Ryott (1852–1943), a descendant of ...

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Sieff, Rebecca Dora (1890–1966), feminist and Zionist, was born on 23 February 1890 at 38 Copenhagen Street, Leeds, the eldest daughter of Michael Marks (1859–1907), founder of the Marks and Spencer retailing group, and his wife, Hannah Cohen. At the time of Rebecca's...