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Aukland, Jane Munday (bap. 1836, d. 1925), temperance campaigner, was born in Newington, Surrey, where she was baptized on 21 February 1836, the daughter of John Langfield, greengrocer, and his wife, Mary Ann, née Raymond (d. 1839). In 1865 she married John Loxley Aukland (1820/21–1917)...

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Balfour, Clara Lucas [née Clara Lucas] (1808–1878), advocate of women's advancement and temperance activist, was born in the New Forest, Hampshire, on 21 December 1808. She was the only child of John Lydell Lucas (c.1767–1818), a butcher and cattle dealer from ...

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Balgarnie, Florence (1856–1928), feminist and temperance campaigner, was born at 2 Belle Vue Terrace, Scarborough, Yorkshire, on 19 August 1856, the eldest of three daughters of the Revd Robert Balgarnie (1826–1899) and his wife, Martha Rooke. Her father, minister of the South Cliff Congregational Church...

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Bayly [née Saunders], Mary (1816–1899), temperance activist and writer, was born in Market Lavington, Wiltshire, on 4 March 1816, the second daughter in the family of four sons and six daughters of Amran Edwards Saunders (1779–1849), mealman and miller, and his wife ...

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Byers [née Morrow], Margaret (1832–1912), educationist and temperance activist, was born in April 1832 at Windsor Hill, Rathfriland, co. Down, the fourth child and only daughter of Andrew Morrow, a noted temperance activist, and his wife, Margaret Herron. The family engaged in farming and also operated a flax mill. On the death of her father in 1840 ...

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Docwra, Mary Elizabeth (1847–1914), temperance activist, was born at Kelvedon, Essex, on 20 January 1847, the third of seven children of George Docwra and his wife, Mary Jesup, née Knight. Members of the Society of Friends, her parents were from old Essex stock, tracing their family back more than 180 years. They were originally moderate drinkers, but early in their marriage embraced total abstinence and became active in temperance circles. Their seven children were all abstainers and workers for temperance reform. The mother organized the local children's temperance organization, the ...

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Rosalind Frances Howard, countess of Carlisle (1845–1921) by George Howard, ninth earl of Carlisle, 1868 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Howard [née Stanley], Rosalind Frances, countess of Carlisle (1845–1921), promoter of women's political rights and of temperance reform, was born on 20 February 1845, probably at Alderley, Cheshire. She was the youngest daughter of Edward John Stanley, second Baron Stanley of Alderley...

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Impey, Catherine (1847–1923), political activist and temperance reformer, was born at Street in Somerset on 13 August 1847. Her parents were Robert Impey (1820–1886), originally a tanner, who grew seeds, became an innovative farmer, and sold agricultural equipment, and his wife, Mary Hannah Clothier (1823–1895)...

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Jones, Alice Gray [pseud. Ceridwen Peris] (1852–1943), writer, journal editor, and temperance leader, was born in December 1852 in Llanllyfni, Caernarvonshire, the daughter of David and Ellen Jones, her father's family running a small woollen mill at Clynnog Fawr nearby. Both her parents were active Calvinistic Methodists. Her childhood was spent in ...

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Lewis, Elizabeth Anne (1843–1924), temperance activist, was born on 10 March 1843 at Market Drayton, Shropshire, the daughter of George Lewis and his wife (her name is not known), both total abstainers. As a child Elizabeth Anne helped her father at his outdoor temperance meetings. On 16 May 1867 she married her cousin ...

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Lucas, Margaret Bright (1818–1890), temperance activist and suffragist, was born on 14 July 1818 at Rochdale, Lancashire, the youngest daughter of Jacob Bright (1775–1851), cotton mill proprietor, and his second wife, Martha, née Wood (d. 1830). Several of her ten siblings, notably ...

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Massingberd, Emily Caroline Langton (1847–1897), women's club founder and temperance campaigner, was born at 43 Durnford Street, East Stonehouse, Devon, on 19 December 1847, the first of the three children of Charles Langton Massingberd (1815–1887), a landowner, and his first wife, Harriett Anne (...

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Matthews [née Gee], Sarah Magdalene (1846–1929), temperance leader, was born at Denbigh in January 1846, the second daughter of the prominent Calvinistic Methodist minister, publisher, and politician Thomas Gee (1815–1898), and his wife, Sarah, daughter of John Hughes of Plas Coch, Llangynhafal...

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Parker [née Walker], Margaret Eleanor (bap. 1828, d. 1896), temperance activist and campaigner for women's rights, was baptized on 31 August 1828 at St George's Church, Bolton, Lancashire, and was the daughter of William Walker, owner of one of the largest tanning establishments in ...

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Procter, Jane (1810–1882), headmistress and temperance campaigner, was born on 2 November 1810 in Worsell in the parish of Kirklevington in Yorkshire, the first of the four children of James Procter (1766–1816), merchant, and his second wife, Elizabeth, daughter of John Thurnam of ...

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Robinson, Sarah (1834–1921), evangelist and army temperance activist, was born at Peckham, Surrey, on 1 August 1834, the fourth of the six children of John James Robinson (1795/6–1879), squire of Heasmond's estate near Lewes, Sussex, where he farmed 150 acres, and his wife, ...

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See Sherman, James

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Slack [married name Saunders], Agnes Elizabeth (1858–1946), temperance advocate, was born at Station Road, Ripley, Derbyshire, on 15 October 1858, the second of three children of Thomas Slack (1802/3–1882), master brickmaker and owner of houses, and his wife, Mary Ann, née Bamford (1822/3–1903)...

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Lady Isabella Caroline Somerset [Lady Henry Somerset] (1851–1921) by Hayman Selig Mendelssohn, pubd 1893 © National Portrait Gallery, London