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Aukland, Jane Munday (bap. 1836, d. 1925), temperance campaigner, was born in Newington, Surrey, where she was baptized on 21 February 1836, the daughter of John Langfield, greengrocer, and his wife, Mary Ann, née Raymond (d. 1839). In 1865 she married John Loxley Aukland (1820/21–1917)...

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Balfour, Clara Lucas [née Clara Lucas] (1808–1878), advocate of women's advancement and temperance activist, was born in the New Forest, Hampshire, on 21 December 1808. She was the only child of John Lydell Lucas (c.1767–1818), a butcher and cattle dealer from ...

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Lady Evelyn Barbara Balfour (1898–1990) by Elliott & Fry, 1943 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Balfour, Lady Evelyn Barbara [Eve] (1898–1990), promoter of organic farming and a founder of the Soil Association, was born on 16 July 1898 in Dublin, the fourth child of Gerald William Balfour, second earl of Balfour (1853–1945), and Lady Elizabeth Edith Balfour (1867–1942)...

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Balgarnie, Florence (1856–1928), feminist and temperance campaigner, was born at 2 Belle Vue Terrace, Scarborough, Yorkshire, on 19 August 1856, the eldest of three daughters of the Revd Robert Balgarnie (1826–1899) and his wife, Martha Rooke. Her father, minister of the South Cliff Congregational Church...

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Bayley, Mary (b. 1816, d. in or after 1892), temperance activist and writer, was born in Market Lavington, Wiltshire. Nothing is known of her early life. Her husband, George Bayley (1807–1888), was born in Rotherhithe, served in the merchant navy between the ages of sixteen and forty-four, and was an elder brother of the ...

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Helen Grace Brook, Lady Brook (1907–1997) by Elisabeth Novick, 1968 © News International Newspapers Ltd

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Brook [née Knewstub], Helen Grace, Lady Brook (1907–1997), advocate of birth control, was born on 12 October 1907 at the Chenil Gallery, 183a Kings Road, Chelsea, London. She was the eldest among the six children of John Knewstub, who ran the gallery, and ...

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Brigid Antonia Brophy (1929–1995) by Mark Gerson, 1966 © Mark Gerson; collection National Portrait Gallery, London

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Brophy, Brigid Antonia [married name Brigid Antonia Levey, Lady Levey] (1929–1995), writer and campaigner, was born at 79 Uxbridge Road, Ealing, London, on 12 June 1929, the second child of John Brophy (1899–1965), a Liverpool-born writer and editor of Irish descent, and his wife, ...

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Byers [née Morrow], Margaret (1832–1912), educationist and temperance activist, was born in April 1832 at Windsor Hill, Rathfriland, co. Down, the fourth child and only daughter of Andrew Morrow, a noted temperance activist, and his wife, Margaret Herron. The family engaged in farming and also operated a flax mill. On the death of her father in 1840 ...

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Caplin, Roxey Ann [formerly Emily Roxey Caplin] (1793–1888), corset maker, writer, and lecturer on health, was born in Canada, the daughter of English settlers; Canadian Indians taught her canoeing and swimming as a child. Probably trained as a milliner, she married about 1835, and by 1839 was living in ...

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Chance [née Whyte], Janet (1886–1953), abortion campaigner and writer on sex and marriage, was born at 62 Melville Street, Edinburgh, on 10 February 1886, the daughter of Alexander Whyte (1836–1921), a Free Church of Scotland minister and later principal of New College, Edinburgh...

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Corkling, Mary Ann Yates [pseud. May Yates] (1850–1938), food reformer, was born on 18 May 1850 in Withington, Manchester, the elder daughter of Robert Yates Corkling (b. 1827) and his wife, Mary Ann, née Booth (1830–1904), who had married in September 1849. Her father was then a cashier, but eventually owned a factory in ...

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Court [née Brown], Audrey Kathleen (1913–2005), athlete and family planning reformer, was born on 24 May 1913 in Bankura, Bengal, India, the third of five children and the only daughter of Arthur E. Brown, Methodist minister and principal of Bankura College, and his wife, ...

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Daniel [née Lee], Joyce Mary (1890–1985), campaigner for birth control, was born on 10 May 1890 at Redland House, north Malvern, Worcestershire, the third of three daughters of Walter Lee, a Congregational minister, and his wife, Alice Amelia Hyrons. She was educated at ...

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Deverell, Mary (d. 1805), moral and religious writer, was born probably at Minchinhampton, Gloucestershire. She described herself as 'a person of obscure and undistinguished rank' (Deverell, Sermons, 3rd edn, iv) and may have come from a clothing family. She was possibly related to the family of ...

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Docwra, Mary Elizabeth (1847–1914), temperance activist, was born at Kelvedon, Essex, on 20 January 1847, the third of seven children of George Docwra and his wife, Mary Jesup, née Knight. Members of the Society of Friends, her parents were from old Essex stock, tracing their family back more than 180 years. They were originally moderate drinkers, but early in their marriage embraced total abstinence and became active in temperance circles. Their seven children were all abstainers and workers for temperance reform. The mother organized the local children's temperance organization, the ...

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Forster [née Mackenzie], Jacqueline Moir [Jackie] (1926–1998), journalist and campaigner for homosexual rights, was born on 6 November 1926 at the Royal Northern Hospital, Upper Holloway, London, the only daughter and eldest of two children of Kenneth Pirie Mackenzie, a doctor and major in the ...

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Frankenburg [née Barnett], Charis Ursula (1892–1985), birth control campaigner and justice of the peace, was born on 9 February 1892 at Borough Road Training College, Isleworth, where her father, Percy Arthur Barnett (1858–1941) was the college principal. Her father, who later became a schools inspector, was of Jewish ancestry but had converted to Christianity, while her mother, ...