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Balliol, Dervorguilla de, lady of Galloway (d. 1290), noblewoman and benefactor, was a daughter of Alan, lord of Galloway (b. before 1199, d. 1234), and his second wife, Margaret, eldest daughter of David, earl of Huntingdon (d. 1219). Born some time after 1209, the date of her parents' marriage, her distinctive Gaelic name, ...

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Lettice Cary, Viscountess Falkland (c. 1612–1647) by William Marshall, pubd 1648 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Cary [née Morison], Lettice, Viscountess Falkland (c. 1612–1647), noblewoman and benefactor, was the daughter of Sir Richard Moryson (c. 1571–1628) [see under Moryson, Fynes], vice-president of Munster, and Mary (d. 1654), daughter of Sir Henry Harington, sometime resident of ...

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Clare, Elizabeth de [Elizabeth de Burgh; known as lady of Clare] (1294/5–1360), magnate and founder of Clare College, Cambridge, was usually known as Elizabeth de Burgh, and was described by herself and others as lady of Clare. She was the youngest daughter of ...

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Colville [née Crewe-Milnes], Lady (Helen) Cynthia (1884–1968), courtier and social worker, was born on 20 May 1884, the third daughter of Robert Offley Ashburton Crewe-Milnes (1858–1945), Liberal politician, who the year after her birth succeeded as second Baron Houghton and who subsequently became the first and last ...

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Lady Louisa Augusta Conolly (1743–1821) by Allan Ramsay, 1759 © reserved

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Conolly [née Lennox], Lady Louisa Augusta (1743–1821), noblewoman and philanthropist, was born on 24 November 1743, the fifth of the seven surviving children of Charles Lennox, second duke of Richmond and Lennox (1701–1750), and his wife, Sarah (1706–1751), daughter of William Cadogan, ...

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Princess Mary Adelaide, duchess of Teck (1833–1897) by Camille Silvy, 1860 [standing, with her mother, Augusta Wilhelmina Louisa, duchess of Cambridge] © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Mary Adelaide, Princess [Princess Mary Adelaide of Cambridge], duchess of Teck (1833–1897), philanthropist, was born Mary Adelaide Wilhelmina Elizabeth on 27 November 1833 in Hanover, the youngest of the three children of the seventh son of George III, Adolphus Frederick, duke of Cambridge...

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Mountbatten [née Ashley], Dame Edwina Cynthia Annette, Countess Mountbatten of Burma (1901–1960), director of emergency relief services and vicereine of India, was born at 32 Bruton Street, London, on 28 November 1901, the elder of the two daughters of Wilfrid William Ashley, ...

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Dame Edwina Cynthia Annette Mountbatten, Countess Mountbatten of Burma (1901–1960) by Madame Yevonde, 1940 © Yevonde Portrait Archive; collection National Portrait Gallery, London

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See Ponsonby, Sir Henry Frederick

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Mary de St Pol, countess of Pembroke (c. 1304–1377) workshop of Jean Pucelle, c. 1320 [kneeling, left, before St Cecilia] by permission of the Syndics of Cambridge University Library

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St Pol, Mary de, countess of Pembroke (c. 1304–1377), magnate and founder of Pembroke College, Cambridge, was the fourth daughter of Guy de Châtillon, count of St Pol (d. 1317), and of Mary of Brittany, granddaughter of Henry III. She had five sisters and two brothers, but nothing is known of her childhood. Both ...

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Townshend [née Bacon], Anne, Lady Townshend (1573–1622), gentlewoman and benefactor, was born in Waxham on the north Norfolk coast in August 1573 and baptized at Cockthorpe on 7 August, the eldest of three daughters and a coheir of Sir Nathaniel Bacon (1546?–1622)...