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Auerbach, Charlotte [Lotte] (1899–1994), geneticist, was born on 14 May 1899 at Krefeld, Germany, the only child of Friedrich (Fritz) Auerbach (1870–1925), public health chemist in Berlin, and his wife, Selma, née Sachs (d. 1955), daughter of a general practitioner from Jauer...

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See Ball, Robert

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Ann Bishop (1899–1990) by Walter Bird Godfrey Argent Studios / Royal Society

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Bishop, Ann (1899–1990), parasitologist, was born on 19 December 1899 at 43 Derby Street, Hulme, Manchester, the first of the two children of James Kimberley Bishop, cabinet-maker, and his wife, Eileen, daughter of George Ginger, builder, and his wife, Mary. Ann Bishop's grandfather ...

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Cheesman, (Lucy) Evelyn (1881–1969), entomologist and explorer, was born on 8 October 1881 at Court Lodge, Westwell, near Ashford, Kent. She was the third of the five children of Robert Cheesman (d. 1915), a gentleman farmer, and his wife, Florence Maud, née...

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Fielding, Una Lucy (1888–1969), neuroanatomist, was born on 2 May 1888 in Wellington, New South Wales, Australia. She was the eldest of five surviving children of the Revd Sydney Glanville Fielding, Anglican clergyman and author, and Lucy Frances Johnson. In 1893 the family moved to ...

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Fountaine, Margaret Elizabeth (1862–1940), lepidopterist and diarist, was born on 16 May 1862 at South Acre, near Norwich, Norfolk, the second of eight children and eldest daughter of John Fountaine, rector of South Acre, and his wife, Mary Isabella (Isobel) Lee-Warner (d...

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Glanville [née Goodricke; other married name Ashfield], Eleanor (1654–1709), entomologist, was the elder of the two daughters of Major William Goodricke (d. 1666) and his wife, the widow Eleanor Poyntz, née Davis (1617–1657). Her father left £1000 to Mary, his younger daughter, and to ...

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Maria Emma Gray (1787–1876) by George J. Stodart (after John Ayling) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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G. S. Boulger

revised by P. E. Kell

Gray, Maria Emma (1787–1876), conchologist and algologist, was born at the Royal Naval Hospital, Greenwich, Kent, the daughter of Lieutenant Henry Smith RN, who was then resident there. In 1812 she married Francis Edward Gray, who died two years later; they had two daughters. In 1826 she married her late husband's second cousin, ...

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Hanson, (Emmeline) Jean (1919–1973), biophysicist and zoologist, was born on 14 November 1919 in Newhall, Derbyshire, the only child of Thomas Hanson and his wife, Emma Jane Badger, daughter of a Derbyshire police superintendent. Both her parents were schoolteachers. Her father died only a few months after her birth, and she was brought up entirely by her mother, who became headmistress of a primary school. ...

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Hertz, Mathilde Carmen (1891–1975), animal psychologist and sensory physiologist, was born on 14 January 1891 at Quantiusstrasse 13, Bonn, Germany, the second of two daughters of physicist Heinrich Rudolf Hertz (1857–1894), famous for discovering electromagnetic waves, and his wife, Elisabeth (1864–1942?), daughter of geodesy professor ...

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Kear, Janet (1933–2004), ornithologist and conservationist, was born on 13 January 1933 at 26 Mount Park Road, Ealing, Middlesex, the younger daughter of Harold Kear, trade association clerk (later chartered secretary), and his wife, Constance May, née Betteridge. She had an older sister, ...

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Mackinnon, Doris Livingstone (1883–1956), protozoologist, was born on 30 September 1883 at 4 Forest Road, Aberdeen, the eldest of five children of Lachlan Mackinnon (1855–1948), advocate and consular agent for France and Belgium, and his wife, Theodora Thompson of London. Her interest in science was stimulated by her father (an amateur ornithologist, botanist, and astronomer) and by her acquaintance with the geologist ...

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Sidnie Milana Manton (1902–1979) by Walter Stoneman Godfrey Argent Studios / Royal Society

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Manton [married name Harding], Sidnie Milana (1902–1979), zoologist, was born on 4 May 1902 in London, the elder daughter and second of three children (the son died in infancy) of George Sidney Frederick Manton, dental surgeon, of London, and his wife, Milana Angele Terese d'Humy...

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Marshall, Sheina Macalister (1896–1977), marine zoologist, was born at Stewart Hall, Rothesay, Isle of Bute, on 20 April 1896. She was the second of three daughters of John Nairn Marshall (b. 1860) and his wife, Jean Colville, née Binnie (b. 1861/2)...

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Monson [née Vane; other married name Hope-Vere], Lady Anne (c. 1727–1776), botanist and collector of plants and insects, was the eldest daughter of Henry Vane, first earl of Darlington (c.1705–1758), and his wife, Lady Grace Fitzroy (1697–1763); she was thus a great-granddaughter of ...

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Ormerod, Eleanor Anne (1828–1901), economic entomologist, was born on 11 May 1828 at Sedbury Park, Gloucestershire, the youngest of the ten children of George Ormerod (1785–1873), historian and antiquary, and his wife, Sarah (1784–1860), eldest daughter of John Latham (1761–1843), a president of the ...

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Eleanor Anne Ormerod (1828–1901) by Elliott & Fry, c. 1900 © National Portrait Gallery, London