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(Augusta) Ada Byron (1815–1852) by Margaret Sarah Carpenter, 1836 © Crown copyright in photograph: UK Government Art Collection

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Byron, (Augusta) Ada [married name (Augusta) Ada King, countess of Lovelace] (1815–1852), mathematician and computer pioneer, was born on 10 December 1815 at 13 Piccadilly Terrace, London, the only child of George Gordon Noel Byron, sixth Baron Byron (1788–1824), poet, and his wife, ...

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Dame Mary Lucy Cartwright (1900–1998) by Sir Stanley Spencer, 1958 The Mistress and Fellows, Girton College, Cambridge

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Cartwright, Dame Mary Lucy (1900–1998), mathematician, was born on 17 December 1900 at Church Cottage, Aynho, Northamptonshire, third child of William Digby Cartwright and his wife, Lucy Harriette Maud, née Bury. Her father acted as curate of Aynho for his incapacitated uncle, becoming rector in 1906. Her two older brothers were killed in the First World War leaving a younger sister, ...

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Cave, Beatrice Mabel Cave-Browne- (1874–1947), applied mathematician, was born on 30 May 1874 at 7 Kempshott Road, Streatham Common, London; her sister Evelyn [see below] was also born there. They were respectively the second and third daughters of Sir Thomas Cave-Browne-Cave (1835–1924)...

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See Cave, Beatrice Mabel Cave-Browne-

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Edwards, Mary (b. ?1741/1742, d. 1815), computer for the Nautical Almanac, may have come from Shropshire, where she lived from 1773 until her death. Nothing is known of her early life; her maiden name and precise dates of birth, marriage, and death have not been traced. It is assumed that her childhood education involved at least some mathematics and astronomy: while the mathematical work she undertook shortly after her marriage was not difficult, and followed pre-prepared algorithms, it required skill and an understanding of the principles involved....

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Philippa Garrett Fawcett (1868–1948) by unknown photographer The Principal and Fellows, Newnham College, Cambridge

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Fawcett, Philippa Garrett (1868–1948), mathematician and civil servant, was born in London on 4 April 1868, the only daughter of Henry Fawcett (1833–1884), Liberal politician and professor of political economy at Cambridge, and his wife, Millicent Garrett Fawcett (1847–1929), leader of the women's suffragist movement. ...

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See Ambler, Geoffrey Hill

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Hardcastle, Frances (1866–1941), mathematician, was born at Writtle, Essex, on 13 August 1866, the eldest of eight children of Henry Hardcastle (1840–1922), graduate of Trinity College, Cambridge, a barrister, and director of a brewery. Her mother was Maria Sophia Herschel (1839–1929), seventh child (fourth daughter) of ...

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Hudson, Hilda Phoebe (1881–1965), mathematician, was born on 11 June 1881 in Cambridge, one of the four children of William Henry Hudson (1836–1916), fellow of St John's College, Cambridge, later professor of mathematics at King's College and Queen's College, Harley Street, London, and his wife, ...

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See Jeffreys, Sir Harold

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Meyer, Margaret Theodora (1862–1924), mathematician, was born in September 1862 in Ulster, the second child and eldest daughter of Thedore Jonah Meyer, a Presbyterian minister and a naturalized British subject from 1855, and his wife, Jane Ann, the daughter of William Stevenson. Her elder brother, ...

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Charlotte Angas Scott (1858–1931) by unknown photographer, in or after 1885 The Mistress and Fellows, Girton College, Cambridge

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Scott, Charlotte Angas (1858–1931), mathematician, was born in Lincoln on 8 June 1858, daughter of Caleb Scott (d. 1919) and his wife, Eliza Ann, née Exley. She came from a Congregational background, and moved with her family when she was seven to ...

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Tanner [née Young], Rosalind Cecilia Hildegard [Cecily] (1900–1992), mathematician and historian of mathematics, was born in Göttingen, Germany, on 6 February 1900 and named Rosalinde Cäcilie Hildegard, the oldest of three daughters and second of six children of the first husband-and-wife team of creative research mathematicians, ...

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Weber, Johanna Salome (1910–2014), mathematician and aerodynamicist, was born on 8 August 1910 in Düsseldorf to a poor farming family that had moved from the Walloon region of Malmedy. She had a younger sister, born in 1912. Their father died in November 1914...

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Williams [née Larby], Elizabeth [formerly Emily May] (1895–1986), mathematician and educationist, was born at 255 Wellington Buildings, Pimlico, London, on 29 January 1895, the second of four children of Ben Larby, a police constable, and his wife, Emily Elizabeth (née...

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Wrinch [married names Nicholson, Glaser], Dorothy Maud (1894–1976), mathematician and theoretical biologist, was born on 13 September 1894 in Rosario, Argentina, the elder daughter of Hugh Edward Hart Wrinch, mechanical engineer, and his wife, Ada Minnie Souter. Growing up in Surbiton, Surrey...