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See Bellamy, Frank Arthur

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Etheldred Benett (1775–1845) by unknown artist, 1837 Norwich Castle Museum & Art Gallery

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Benett, Etheldred (1775–1845), fossil collector and geologist, was born on 22 July 1775 at Pyt House, Tisbury, Wiltshire, the eldest daughter of Thomas Benett (c.1729–1797) and Catherine Darell (d. 1780). Her eldest surviving brother, John (1773–1852), was a deputy lieutenant and magistrate for ...

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Buckland [née Morland], Mary (1797–1857), geological artist and curator, was born on 20 November 1797 in St Helen's parish, Abingdon, Berkshire, the eldest daughter of Benjamin Morland (1768–1833), solicitor (and a member of the West Ilsley brewing family), and his wife, Harriet Baster (1777–1799)...

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Carne, Elizabeth Catherine Thomas (1817–1873), geologist and author, was born at Riviere House, Phillack, in Cornwall, on 16 December 1817, the fifth of six children of the industrialist Joseph Carne (1782–1858), and his wife, Mary (1777–1835), daughter of William Thomas of Haverfordwest. Her father, a Methodist, was a noted local geologist and ...

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Crosfield, Margaret Chorley (1859–1952), geologist, was born on 7 September 1859 at Wray Park, Reigate, Surrey, the daughter of Joseph Crosfield, tea merchant, and his wife, Sarah Swatridge, née Lowe; both were members of the Society of Friends. Crosfield attended the Mount School, York...

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Elles, Gertrude Lilian (1872–1960), geologist and palaeontologist, was born on 8 October 1872 in Wimbledon, Surrey, one of six children of Jamison Elles, an importer of Chinese goods, and his wife, Mary Chesney. Her father was Scottish and, when she was a child, family holidays were often spent in the Scottish highlands. She was educated at ...

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Rosalind Elsie Franklin (1920–1958) by Elliott & Fry, 1946 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Franklin, Rosalind Elsie (1920–1958), crystallographer, was born at Chepstow Villas, Notting Hill, London, on 25 July 1920, the elder daughter and second of the family of five children of Ellis Arthur Franklin (1894–1964), merchant banker of London, and his wife, Muriel Frances Waley (1894–1976)...

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Gordon [née Ogilvie], Dame Maria Matilda (1864–1939), geologist and women's activist, was born on 30 April 1864 in Monymusk, Aberdeenshire, elder daughter among seven children of Revd Alexander Ogilvie (1830/31–1904), schoolmaster, and his wife, Maria Matilda Nicol. The family moved to Aberdeen...

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Hastings, Barbara Rawdon [née Barbara Yelverton], marchioness of Hastings and suo jure Baroness Grey of Ruthin (1810–1858), fossil collector and geological author, was born on 20 May 1810 at Brandon House in Warwickshire, the only child of Henry Edward Yelverton, Baron Grey of Ruthin...

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Hodgkin, Dorothy Mary Crowfoot (1910–1994), chemist and crystallographer, was born on 12 May 1910 in Guizeh, near Cairo, Egypt, the eldest of four daughters of John Winter Crowfoot (1873–1958) and his wife, Grace Mary (Molly) Hood (1877–1957). Her father was an inspector with the ...

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Dorothy Mary Crowfoot Hodgkin (1910–1994) by Maggi Hambling, 1985 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Lonsdale [née Yardley], Dame Kathleen (1903–1971), crystallographer and pacifist, was born Kathleen Yardley in Newbridge, Ireland, on 28 January 1903, the youngest child of Harry Frederick Yardley (d. 1923), the local postmaster, and his wife, Jessie Cameron. In 1908 Kathleen's mother, who had been brought up in ...

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See Mawe, John

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Megaw, Helen Dick (1907–2002), crystallographer, was born on 1 June 1907 at 44 Northumberland Road, Dublin, in the family of two sons and five daughters of Robert Dick Megaw (d. 1947), barrister, politician, and judge, and his wife, Annie, née McElderry. Her father had been called to the Irish bar in 1893 and took silk in 1921; from 1912 to 1914 he was professor of common law at the ...

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Murchison [née Hugonin], Charlotte, Lady Murchison (1788–1869), geologist, was born, according to the inscription on her tombstone, on 18 April 1788, probably in the family's home, Nursted House, near Petersfield, Hampshire, one of at least three children of General Francis Hugonin (...

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Catherine Alice Raisin (1855–1945) by unknown photographer [standing, in the botany library at Bedford College] Royal Holloway College; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

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Raisin, Catherine Alice (1855–1945), geologist and educationist, was born at 13 Camden Terrace, Camden New Town, London, on 24 April 1855, the daughter of (Daniel) Francis Raisin, pannierman at the Inner Temple, and his wife, Sarah Catherine, née Woodgate. She was educated at ...

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Rookwood [married name Gage], Elizabeth (1684–1759), estate manager, Roman Catholic recusant and scholar, was born at Coldham Hall, Stanningfield, Suffolk, on 4 January 1684, the only surviving child of Thomas Rookwood 1658–1726, and his first wife, Tamworth Martin d. 1684; her mother died in childbirth giving birth to ...