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Berkeley [formerly Bergtheil; née Dunington], Edith (1875–1963), marine biologist, was born on 1 September 1875 in Tulbagh, Cape of Good Hope, the older daughter of Alfred Dunington, civil engineer, and his wife, Martha Treglohan (c.1837–c.1927). Having spent her early childhood abroad, and having had private tutors in the ...

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Casselton [née Smith], Lorna Ann (1938–2014), fungal geneticist, was born on 18 July 1938 at Southend Municipal Hospital, Rochford, Essex, the daughter of William Charles Henry Smith and his wife Cecille, née Bowman. At the time of her birth her parents lived at ...

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Dame Honor Bridget Fell (1900–1986) by Walter Stoneman Godfrey Argent Studios / Royal Society

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Fell, Dame Honor Bridget (1900–1986), cell biologist, was born on 22 May 1900 at Fowthorpe, near Filey in Yorkshire, the youngest in the family of seven daughters and two sons of Colonel William Edwin Fell, army officer, landowner, and farmer, and his wife, ...

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Juliet Camilla Frankland (1929–2013) by unknown photographer, 1995 © by kind permission of the British Mycological Society Archives

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Frankland [née Brown], Juliet Camilla (1929–2013), mycologist, was born on 30 January 1929 at High Barn Eaves, Effingham, Dorking, Surrey, the younger daughter of Walter Henry Brown (1893/4–1956), a civil servant in the Ministry of Works, and his wife, Gerda Lois, née...

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Dame Louise Napier Johnson (1940–2012) by Anne-Katrin Purkiss, 2007 © Anne-Katrin Purkiss; Wellcome Library, London

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Johnson, Dame Louise Napier (1940–2012), biophysicist and structural biologist, was born on 26 September 1940 at South Bank Nursing Home, Bath Road, Worcester, the second of the three daughters of George Edmund Johnson (1904–1992), a former wool broker then serving in the RAF...

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Longstaff [née Donald], (Mary) Jane (1855–1935), biologist, was born on 27 August 1855 at 16 Cavendish Place, Carlisle, Cumberland, the eldest of four children of Matthewman Hodgson Donald, manufacturer, and his wife, Henrietta Maria Roper, daughter of the Hon. J. H. Roper Curzon...

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Lyon, Mary Frances (1925–2014), geneticist, was born on 15 May 1925 at the Maternity Home, 3 Aspland Road, Norwich, the oldest child of Clifford James Lyon (1896–1963), tax office clerk, and his wife, Louise Frances, née Kirby (1893–1986). At the time of her birth registration her parents lived at ...

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Merrifield [née Watkins], Mary Philadelphia (1804–1889), writer on art and algologist, was born on 15 April 1804 in Brompton, London, the daughter of a conveyancing barrister, Sir Charles Watkins. In 1827 she married John Merrifield of Tavistock (1788/9–1877), who was called to the ...

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Newbigin, Marion Isabel (1869–1934), geographer and biologist, was born in Alnwick, Northumberland, one of five daughters and three sons in the family of James Lesslie Newbigin, pharmacist. Her sister Maude was lecturer in history and deputy principal of the Day Training College, Portsmouth...

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Pallis, Marietta (1882–1963), ecologist, painter, and author, was born on 26 October 1882 in Bombay, the first of the five children of Julia Ralli (1857–1940) and her scholar–poet husband, Alexander Pallis (1850–1935), a member of the Greek trading firm Ralli Brothers. The family left ...

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See Paterson, (James) Ralston Kennedy

Article

See Williamson, George Scott

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Audrey Ursula Smith (1915–1981) by unknown photographer, c. 1950 National Institute for Medical Research

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Smith, Audrey Ursula (1915–1981), medical scientist and cryobiologist, was born in India on 21 May 1915, and baptized at Chindwara, India, one of the two children of Alan Kenyon Smith, of the Indian Civil Service, and Gertrude May Smith.

Audrey Smith entered King's College, London...

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Dame Janet Maria Vaughan (1899–1993) by Elliott & Fry, 1945 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Vaughan [married name Gourlay], Dame Janet Maria (1899–1993), haematologist and radiobiologist, was born on 18 October 1899 at 4 Albert Road, Clifton, Bristol, the eldest of the four children of William Wyamar Vaughan (1865–1938), schoolmaster, and his first wife, Margaret, née Symonds (1869–1925)...

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Anne Elizabeth Warner (1940–2012) by unknown photographer, c.1968 © The Royal Society