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Anderson, Louisa Garrett (1873–1943), surgeon and suffragette, was born at the house of her paternal uncle, 9 Lyndhurst Road, Hampstead, London, on 28 July 1873, the eldest of the three children and the only surviving daughter of James George Skelton Anderson (1838–1907), shipowner, and his wife, the pioneering physician ...

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Louisa Garrett Anderson (1873–1943) by Francis Dodd © reserved / artist's estate / Royal Free Hospital

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Ansell, Gertrude Mary (1861–1932), suffragette and businesswoman, was born on 2 June 1861 at 1 Vernon Place, Bloomsbury, London, the third child and only daughter of George Frederick Ansell (1826–1880) and his wife, Sarah Cook. Her father, a scientific chemist, had in 1856 been appointed to a clerkship in the ...

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Gertrude Mary Ansell (1861–1932) by unknown photographer, 1914 [police identification photograph issued by New Scotland Yard] © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Baines [née Hunt], Sarah Jane [Jennie] (1866–1951), suffragette and social reformer, was born on 30 November 1866 in Birmingham, the daughter of James Edward Hunt, gun maker, and his wife, Sarah Ann, née Hunt. She started work in a Birmingham small arms factory aged eleven and at fourteen was assisting her parents in ...

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Barrett, Rachel (1874–1953), suffragette and newspaper editor, was born on 12 November 1874 at 23 Union Street, Carmarthen, the daughter of Welsh-speaking parents, Rees Barrett, land and road surveyor, and Anne Barrett, née Jones. Educated at a private school in Stroud, she later won a scholarship to ...

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(Rosa) May Billinghurst (1875–1953) by unknown photographer, 1908 [centre, on her invalid tricycle] Mary Evans

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Billinghurst, (Rosa) May (1875–1953), suffragette, was born on 31 May 1875 at 35 Granville Park, Lewisham, London, the second of nine children of Henry Francombe Billinghurst (c.1832–1912), bank manager, and his wife, Rosa Ann Billinghurst, née Brimsmead. At the age of five months she suffered an illness which resulted in paralysis from the waist down. For the rest of her life her legs were strapped in irons and she relied on the use of an invalid tricycle for mobility....

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Blathwayt, Mary (1879–1961), suffragette, was born on 1 February 1879, the first of two children of Colonel Linley Blathwayt (1839–1919) and his wife, Emily née Rose (1852–1940). In 1882, when Colonel Blathwayt retired from active service in India, the family moved to live in ...

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Bowerman, Elsie Edith (1889–1973), suffragette and lawyer, was born on 18 December 1889 at Barnsbury Lodge, Garden Road, Tunbridge Wells, the only child of William Bowerman (c.1825–1895) and his wife, Edith Martha Barber (1864–1953). She was educated at Wycombe Abbey School...

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Brackenbury, Georgina Agnes (1865–1949), portrait painter and suffrage campaigner, was born at the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich, on 1 July 1865, the fifth of nine children of Charles Booth Brackenbury (1831–1890), an officer in the Royal Artillery who became director of the Artillery College, Woolwich...

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Georgina Agnes Brackenbury (1865–1949) self-portrait © private collection

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Brailsford [née Malloch], Jane Esdon (1874–1937), suffragette, was born on 3 April 1874 in Elderslie, Renfrewshire, one of the six children of John Malloch (d. 1898), a Scottish cotton manufacturer, and his wife, Margaret Marion McLeod. On leaving Paisley grammar school...

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Carrie, Isabella Scrimgeour (1878–1981), suffragette and schoolteacher, was born on 3 May 1878 at 26 Wardmill Road in the parish of St Vigeans, Arbroath, the daughter of Richard Carrie (c.1836–1912), bleachfield worker, and his wife, Ann Robertson Harris (c.1842–1903)...

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See Chapin, Harold

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Codd, Clara Margaret (1876–1971), suffragette and theosophist, was born on 10 October 1876 at Pill House, Bishops Tawton, Barnstaple, north Devon, the eldest of ten children of Henry Frederick Codd (d. 1899) and his wife, Clara Virginia, née Botto (1853–1927). She was educated at home by governesses, and at fifteen rejected Christianity and declared herself an atheist. When she was twenty-three her father, a school inspector, died and the family moved to ...

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Crawfurd [née Jack; other married name Anderson], Helen (1877–1954), suffragette and communist, was born at 175 Cumberland Street, Glasgow, on 9 November 1877, the fourth of seven children of William Jack, a prosperous master baker, and his wife, Helen Kyle. Her parents had been married in ...

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Emily Wilding Davison (1872–1913) by Mrs Albert Broom, 1910 [Members of the WSPU [left to right]: , Christabel Pankhurst (1880–1958), Sylvia Pankhurst (1882–1960), and ] © reserved; collection National Portrait Gallery, London

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Davison, Emily Wilding (1872–1913), suffragette, was born on 11 October 1872 at Roxburgh House, Vanbrugh Park Road, Greenwich, the second of the three children of Charles Edward Davison (1822–1893), retired merchant and ‘gentleman’, and his second wife, Margaret Caisley (1848–1918). Her mother ran a shop in ...

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Dollan [née Moir], Agnes Johnston, Lady Dollan (1887–1966), suffragette and socialist, was born on 16 August 1887 at Springburn Road, Glasgow, one of eleven children of Henry Moir, a blacksmith, and his wife, Annie Wilkinson. Forced by family poverty to leave her local elementary school at the age of eleven, she worked briefly in a factory before becoming a telephone operator. The discrimination suffered by her fellow employees inspired her to campaign for feminist and trade union rights. As a teenager she became involved with the ...