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Abrahams, Doris Caroline [pseud. Caryl Brahms] (1901–1982), writer and songwriter, was born at 28 Morland Road, Croydon, Surrey, on 8 December 1901, the only child of Henry Clarence Abrahams, a wholesale jeweller, and his wife, Pearl, one of the twenty-one children of ...

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Olive Baldwin and Thelma Wilson

Abrams, Harriett (c. 1758–1821), singer and composer, was, according to her niece's husband, Thomas Adolphus Trollope, the daughter of a man who came to England 'in the suite of some Hanoverian minister, in what capacity I never heard' (Trollope, 151...

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Olive Baldwin and Thelma Wilson

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Adler, Henrietta [Nettie] (1868–1950), social worker and Jewish political activist, was born in London on 1 December 1868, the elder daughter of Rabbi Dr Hermann Adler (1839–1911) and his wife, Rachel Joseph (d. 1912). Her father was the son of Dr Nathan Marcus Adler...

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Aguilar, Grace (1816–1847), writer on Jewish history and religion and novelist, was born on 2 June 1816 in Hackney, Middlesex, the eldest of the three children of Emanuel Aguilar (1787–1845), merchant, and his wife, Sarah (d. 1854), daughter of Jacob Dias Fernandez...

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Altschul, Annie Therese (1919–2001), psychiatric nurse and teacher, was born into a middle-class Jewish family in Vienna on 18 February 1919, the daughter of Ludwig Altschul and his wife Marie. Despite the early death of her father, she enjoyed an idyllic childhood, which was enriched by her close family and the access she had to a diverse range of cultural activities. Her mother encouraged interest in the arts, sciences, and humanities, but ultimately it was mathematics that she chose for her undergraduate studies at the ...

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Annie Altschul (1919–2001), by unknown photographer

Royal College of Nursing

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Asherson, Renée [real name Dorothy Renée Ascherson] (1915–2014), actress, was born on 19 May 1915 at 2 Cornwall Gardens, Kensington, London, the younger daughter of Charles Stephen Ascherson (1877–1945), a shipowner of German Jewish descent, and his second wife, ...

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Auerbach, Charlotte [Lotte] (1899–1994), geneticist, was born on 14 May 1899 at Krefeld, Germany, the only child of Friedrich (Fritz) Auerbach (1870–1925), public health chemist in Berlin, and his wife, Selma, née Sachs (d. 1955), daughter of a general practitioner from Jauer...

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Ayrton [née Marks], (Phoebe) Sarah [Hertha] (1854–1923), electrical engineer and suffragist, was born Phoebe Sarah Marks on 28 April 1854 at 6 Queen Street, Portsea, Portsmouth, third child of Alice Theresa (d. 1898), seamstress, daughter of Joseph Moss, glass merchant of ...

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Ballin, Ada Sarah (1862–1906), magazine editor and proprietor, and writer on health, was born on 4 May 1862 at 47 Woburn Place, Bloomsbury, London, first of the three children of Isaac Ballin (c.1811–1897), merchant and furrier, and his wife, Annie, née...

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Bamber [née Balmuth], Helen Rae (1925–2014), human rights advocate and psychotherapist, was born at Westminster Hospital, London, on 1 May 1925, the only child of Louis Balmuth (1887–1961), accountant, and his wife Marie, née Bader (1895–1969), a singer. At the time of her birth registration her parents, both of Polish-Jewish descent, lived at ...

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Beer [née Sassoon], Rachel (1858–1927), newspaper proprietor and editor, was born in Bombay, India, the middle child and only daughter of Sassoon David Sassoon (1832–1867), a Jewish merchant, and his wife, Farha, née Reuben (b. 1828). Rachel's father arrived in England...

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Beloff, (Leah) Nora (1919–1997), journalist, was born on 24 January 1919 at 65 Oakwood Court, Kensington, London, the middle of five children (two sons and three daughters) of Simon Beloff and his wife, Marie, formerly Katzin. Her elder brother Max, later Lord Beloff (1913–1999)...

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Bentwich [née Franklin], Helen Caroline (1892–1972), local politician, was born on 6 January 1892 at 29 Pembridge Gardens, Notting Hill, London, the fifth child and second daughter (there were also four sons) of Arthur Ellis Franklin (1857–1938), merchant banker, and his wife, ...

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Berk [née Heymansohn], Lieselotte [Lotte] (1913–2003), dancer and fitness trainer, was born on 17 January 1913 in Cologne, Germany, the only daughter of Jewish parents. Her Russian father, Nicolai Heymansohn, was originally a tailor and owned shops selling clothing for men. Her German mother died of a stroke when ...

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Sarah Henriette Rosine Bernhardt (1844–1923) by Histed private collection

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Bernhardt, Sarah Henriette Rosine (1844–1923), actress, was born, probably on 22 or 23 October 1844, in Paris, the first of the three daughters of Julie Bernhardt (d. 1876), a Jewish courtesan from Amsterdam. The identity of her father remains unknown, although he is sometimes given as ...

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Birk [née Wilson], Alma Lillian, Baroness Birk (1917–1996), politician and journalist, was born on 22 September 1917 at 10 Belgrave Place, Brighton, the daughter of Barnett Wilson (formerly Woolfson) of Stamford Hill, London, and his wife, Alice, née Tosh. Her father ran a successful greeting-card company, and she enjoyed a comfortable upbringing. She was educated at ...

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See Women agents on active service in France