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Aguilar, Grace (1816–1847), writer on Jewish history and religion and novelist, was born on 2 June 1816 in Hackney, Middlesex, the eldest of the three children of Emanuel Aguilar (1787–1845), merchant, and his wife, Sarah (d. 1854), daughter of Jacob Dias Fernandez...

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Allies, Mary Helen Agnes (1852–1927), historian and translator, was born possibly at St John's Wood, London, on 2 February 1852, the eldest daughter of Thomas William Allies (1813–1903) and his wife, Eliza Hall (d. 1902), second daughter of Thomas Harding Newman of ...

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Arnold, Elizabeth (fl. 1616), translator, may have been the daughter of William Arnold of Cromer, Norfolk, whose genealogical line was recorded by the visitation of the Society of Heralds to Norfolk in 1613, although no details of her birth, death, and family are known. ...

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Ashurst, Elizabeth Ann [Eliza] (c. 1814–1850), translator and campaigner for women's rights and against slavery, was born in Muswell Hill, Middlesex, the eldest child of William Henry Ashurst (bap. 1791?, d. 1855), of Muswell Hill, and his wife, Elizabeth Ann, née Brown (...

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Aubin, Penelope (1679?–1738), novelist and translator, was the daughter of Sir Richard Temple, third baronet (1634–1697), and his mistress, Anne Charleton, second daughter of the physician and natural philosopher Walter Charleton (1620–1707). Suggestions, originating with Abbé Antoine Prévost, that Penelope was the daughter of a French émigré officer have been disproved by recent research that has also added substantially to aspects of her biography (...

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Austin [née Taylor], Sarah (1793–1867), translator and writer, was born in Colegate, Norwich, on 1 April 1793, the youngest of seven children of John Taylor (1750–1826), a wool and yarn manufacturer, and his wife, Susanna Taylor, née Cook (1755–1823) [see under...

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Bassett [née Roper], Mary (d. 1572), translator, was the second of five children of Margaret Roper (1505–1544), favourite daughter of Sir Thomas More, and her husband, William Roper (1495x8–1578). Herself a fine classicist, Margaret Roper was determined that her daughter should be taught Latin and Greek by the most distinguished scholars and approached ...

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(Catherine) Eileen Beasley (1921–2012) by unknown photographer, 1951 [with husband, Trefor] courtesy of Delyth Prys

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Beasley [née James], (Catherine) Eileen (1921–2012), teacher and Welsh-language campaigner, was born on 4 April 1921 at Pen-y-bryn, Henllan Amgoed, Carmarthenshire, the daughter of David John James, farmer, and his wife, Mary Winifred, née Williams. Pen-y-bryn was her maternal grandparents' home, and she was raised on her parents' farm, ...

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Bell [née Poynter], Clara (1834–1927), translator, was born on 29 January 1834 in Westminster, the eldest of the four children of the architect Ambrose Poynter (1796–1886) and his wife, Emma, née Forster (1800–1848). Her mother was the granddaughter of the sculptor Thomas Banks...

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Benson, Margaret (1865–1916), Egyptologist and religious philosopher, was born on 16 June 1865 at Wellington College, Berkshire, the fourth of the six children of Edward White Benson (1829–1896), archbishop of Canterbury (1882–96), and his wife, Mary (1841–1918), daughter of the Revd William Sidgwick...

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Bentley, Catharine [name in religion Magdalen Augustine] (1591–1659), abbess and translator, may have been the younger sister of Ann Bentley who entered the same convent on 3 May 1611, aged twenty-two; nothing further is known of her family. She took vows at the English convent of the Poor Clares at ...

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Bevan [née Shuttleworth], (Emma) Frances (1827–1909), translator and poet, was born in Oxford on 25 September 1827, the eldest of three children of Philip Nicholas Shuttleworth (1782–1842), warden of New College, Oxford (1822–40), and bishop of Chichester (1840–42), and Emma Martha Welch...

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Beveridge [née Akroyd], Annette Susannah (1842–1929), orientalist, was born in Mount Street, Stourbridge, Worcestershire, on 13 December 1842, the third child and daughter surviving to adulthood of William Akroyd (d. 1869), a currier, and his wife, Sarah, née Walford, a daughter of the local livery stable owner. After his wife's death in 1849, ...

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See Biggs, Matilda Ashurst

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Black, Dorothy [Kitty] (1914–2006), theatrical agent and translator, was born on 30 April 1914 in Johannesburg, South Africa, the younger daughter and youngest of six children of Francis Black (d. 1918), quantity surveyor, and his wife, Elizabeth Johanna, née Albertyn. A brother, ...

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Blacker, Carmen Elizabeth Deidre (1924–2009), Japanese scholar, was born on 13 July 1924 at 12 Eldon Road, Kensington, London, the eldest of three children of Carlos Paton Blacker (1895–1975), psychiatrist and eugenicist, and his wife, Helen Maud, née Pilkington (1894–1984). At an early age she became interested in ...

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Carmen Elizabeth Deidre Blacker (1924–2009) by Michael Loewe, c.1992 © by kind permission of Michael Loewe

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Bland [née Fisher], Elizabeth (b. c. 1660, d. in or after 1712?), Hebraist, was the daughter and heir of Robert Fisher of Long Acre, Covent Garden, London, and his wife, who may have been named Marthare. She was born about the time of the Restoration and may have been baptized on 26 December 1660 at ...

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Borthwick, Jane Laurie (1813–1897), hymn writer and translator, was born on 9 April 1813 in Edinburgh, the first daughter of James Borthwick, insurance manager of the North British Insurance Office, and his wife, Sarah Finlay, both staunch members of the Free Church of Scotland...