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Joy Adamson (1910–1980) by unknown photographer [with Elsa the lioness] © Elsa Conservation Trust

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Adamson, Joy [née Friederike Viktoria Gessner] (1910–1980), conservationist and artist, was born on 20 January 1910 in Troppau, Silesia, the second of the three children of Viktor Gessner (d. 1933/4), civil servant, and his wife, Traute Greipel (1888?–1973). Her mother's family was well off, owning lands and paper factories. After her parents were divorced in 1922 she was brought up by her maternal grandmother in ...

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Eileen Forrester Agar (1899–1991) self-portrait, 1927 © Estate of Eileen Agar; collection National Portrait Gallery, London

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Agar, Eileen Forrester (1899–1991), artist, was born on 1 December 1899 at Quinta la Lila, Flores, a suburb of Buenos Aires, Argentina, the second of three daughters of James Senior Agar (1860–1925), businessman, and his wife, Mary (Mamie), née Bagley (1875–1943), whose family came from ...

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See Power, Cyril Edward Mary

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Angus, Margaret MacGregor [Peggy] (1904–1993), designer and artist, was born on 9 November 1904 in Coronel, Chile, the tenth surviving child of David Angus (1855–1926), railway engineer, and his wife, Mary, née Wilson (1860–1939), a former teacher. Her parents were originally from Scotland...

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Arendrup [née Courtauld], Edith (1846–1934), artist and Roman Catholic religious sister, was born on 1 September 1846 at Bocking, Braintree, Essex, the younger child and only daughter of John Minton Courtauld (d. 1877), junior partner in Samuel Courtauld & Co., silk and crepe manufacturers, and his wife, ...

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Atwood, Clare [formerly Clara; Tony] (1866–1962), artist, was born on 14 May 1866 at Hermitage Cottage, Richmond, Surrey, the only daughter of Frederick Atwood, architect, and his wife, Clara Becker. Named Clara at birth, she later used the form Clare, and was also known as ...

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Austen, Winifred Marie Louise (1876–1964), artist and illustrator, was born in Ramsgate, Kent, on 12 July 1876, the only daughter of Josiah Austin, a Cornish naval surgeon, and his wife, Fanny, née Mann. She altered the spelling of her surname from Austin to ...

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Dame Beryl Margaret Bainbridge (1932–2010) by Eamonn McCabe, 2002 © Eamonn McCabe

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Bainbridge, Dame Beryl Margaret (1932–2010), actress, writer, and artist, was born on 21 November 1932 at 294 Menlove Avenue, Allerton, Liverpool, the younger child of Richard Bainbridge, commercial agent, and his wife, Winifred, née Baines. Her father was a self-made man who left school at ten, established himself successfully in business, but then went bankrupt as a result of the 1929 financial crash. His wife, who considered that her husband had married above himself, was disappointed and embittered by the family's reduced circumstances, and the young ...

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Barker, Cicely Mary (1895–1973), artist and writer, was born on 28 June 1895 at West Croydon, Surrey, the daughter of Walter Barker (1866–1912), a seed merchant, and his wife, Mary, née Oswald (1869–1960). Barker suffered from epilepsy and was a frail child, spending much of her youth housebound. She showed an early talent for drawing, encouraged by her father's talent for wood-carving, and, in 1908, enrolled in the ...

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Barnes, Djuna Chappell (1892–1982), writer and artist, was born on 12 June 1892 in a log cabin on Storm King Mountain, Cornwall-on-Hudson, New York state, USA. She was the daughter of an American father, Wald Harold Barnes (1865–1934), and an English mother, Elizabeth Chappell (1862–1945)...

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Bartholomew [née Fayermann; other married name Turnbull], Anne Charlotte (1800–1862), artist and writer, was born on 20 March 1800 in Loddon, Norfolk, the daughter of Arnall C. Fayermann, and was adopted at infancy by her grandfather George Thomas (1723/4–1806), the vicar of ...

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Lady Diana Beauclerk (1734–1808) by Sir Joshua Reynolds, 1763–5 Kenwood, Iveagh Bequest / © English Heritage Photo Library

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Beauclerk [née Spencer; other married name St John], Lady Diana (1734–1808), artist, was born on 24 March 1734, the eldest of the five children (two daughters and three sons) of Charles Spencer, third duke of Marlborough (1706–1758), politician and military commander, and his wife, the ...

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See Women artists in Ruskin's circle

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See Women artists in Ruskin's circle

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Bevan [née Ackenhausen], Natalie Alice (1909–2007), artist, muse, and collector, was born on 22 May 1909 at 2 Pembroke Cottages, Edwardes Square, London, the elder daughter and eldest of three children of Kurt Bernhard Heinrich Carl Ackenhausen (1878/9–1954) and his wife, Alice Katherine Inchbold, ...

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Natalie Alice Bevan (1909–2007) by Mark Gertler, 1928 © National Portrait Gallery, London