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Adams, Sarah Flower (1805–1848), poet, was born on 22 February 1805 at Great Harlow, Essex, the daughter of Benjamin Flower (1755–1829), nonconformist editor of the radical Cambridge Intelligencer, and Eliza Gould (1770–1810), a Devon schoolteacher. Her father was famous for going to prison in defence of his right to freedom of expression in 1799, while her mother had been forced out of her school for refusing on principle to cancel her subscription to his ...

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Alexander [née Humphreys], Cecil Frances [Fanny] (1818–1895), hymn writer and poet, was born at 25 Eccles Street, Dublin. She was the second daughter of John Humphreys, a second lieutenant in the Royal Marines and later brigade major in the Tyrone yeomanry, and his wife, ...

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Baillie, Joanna (1762–1851), playwright and poet, was born in the manse of Bothwell, Lanarkshire, on 11 September 1762, the daughter of the Revd James Baillie (c.1722–1778), who had recently been appointed minister at Bothwell, and his wife, Dorothea Hunter (c...

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Barbauld [née Aikin], Anna Letitia [Anna Laetitia] (1743–1825), poet and essayist, was born on 20 June 1743 at Kibworth Harcourt, Leicestershire, elder child of the Revd John Aikin (1713–1780), schoolmaster, and his wife Jane (1714–1785), daughter of the Revd John Jennings of ...

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Bentley, Elizabeth (bap. 1767, d. 1839), poet, was baptized on 26 November 1767 at All Saints', Norwich, the only child of Daniel Bentley (bap. 1735, d. 1783), a journeyman cordwainer, and his second wife, Elizabeth Lawrence, the daughter of a Norwich cooper. Most of what is known of ...

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Blind [née Cohen], Mathilde (1841–1896), poet and biographer, was born at Mannheim, Germany, on 21 March 1841, the elder of two children of a Jewish banker named Cohen and his second wife, Friederike Ettlinger. Cohen died in Mathilde's infancy and she subsequently adopted the name of her mother's second husband, ...

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Browning [née Moulton Barrett], Elizabeth Barrett (1806–1861), poet and writer, was born on 6 March 1806 at Coxhoe Hall, co. Durham, the first of the twelve children of Edward Barrett Moulton Barrett (1785–1857), plantation owner, and his wife, Mary, née Graham (1781–1828)...

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Carter, Elizabeth (1717–1806), poet, translator, and writer, was born on 16 December 1717 at Deal in Kent, the first child and eldest daughter of the Revd Nicolas Carter (1688–1774), perpetual curate of Deal Chapel, and one of the six preachers at Canterbury Cathedral...

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Chamber, Anna [married name Anna Grenville-Temple, Countess Temple] (1709?–1777), poet, was probably born in Hanworth, Middlesex, the second daughter and coheir of Thomas Chamber, possibly a merchant, and Mary, daughter of the second earl of Berkeley. Having lost their parents at an early age, ...

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Cook, Eliza (1812–1889), poet and journalist, was born on 24 December 1812 in London Road, Southwark, the youngest of eleven children of Joseph Cook, a tinman and brazier. Her poem 'The Streets' recalls her London childhood. Her father retired from business when she was about nine years old, and the family moved to a farm in ...

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Geoffrey Keynes

Reviser Sayoni Basu

Cornford [née Darwin], Frances Crofts (1886–1960), poet, was born in Cambridge on 30 March 1886, the only child of Sir Francis Darwin (1848–1925) and his second wife, Ellen Wordsworth Crofts (1856–1903), daughter of John Crofts, of Leeds. Ellen was a lecturer in English at ...

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Cruickshank, Helen Burness (1886–1975), poet, was born on 15 May 1886 in a staff house at Sunnyside Mental Hospital, Hillside, Forfarshire, the youngest of the three children of George Cruickshank (1845–1924), a hospital attendant at Sunnyside, and his wife, Sarah (1850–1940), a domestic servant, daughter of ...

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Cunard, Nancy Clara (1896–1965), poet and political activist, was born at Nevill Holt in Leicestershire on 10 March 1896, the only child of Sir Bache Cunard, third baronet (1851–1925), grandson of the founder of the Cunard steamship line, and the American heiress Maud Alice (later known as Emerald) Burke (1872–1948)...

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Cushing [née May; other married name Williams], Winifred Emma [pseud. Patience Strong] (1907–1990), author and poet, was born on 4 June 1907 in Catford, London, the younger daughter and second of three children of Alfred William May, postal worker at Mount Pleasant, London...

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Murray G. H. Pittock

Elliot, Jean [Jane] (1727–1805), poet, was born in April 1727 at Minto House, near Hawick, Roxburghshire, the third daughter of Sir Gilbert Elliot (bap. 1693, d. 1766), second baronet and (as lord justice clerk of Scotland) Lord Minto, and Helen (bap...

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Fanthorpe, Ursula Askham (1929–2009), poet, was born on 22 July 1929 at 53 Burnt Ash Road, Lee, Lewisham, the elder child of Winifrid Elsie Fanthorpe, née Redmore (1895–1978), a 'doughty', 'magical mother' (U. A. Fanthorpe, New and Collected Poems, 2010, 212), and ...

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Finch [née Kingsmill], Anne, countess of Winchilsea (1661–1720), poet, was born in April 1661 at Sydmonton, Hampshire, the youngest of three children of Sir William Kingsmill (1613–1661), son of Sir Henry Kingsmill [see under Kingsmill family] and Bridget White, and ...

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Havergal, Frances Ridley [pseuds. Sabrina, Zoide] (1836–1879), poet and hymn writer, the youngest of the six children of William Henry Havergal (1793–1870), Church of England clergyman and composer, and his first wife, Jane Head (d. 1848), was born on 14 December 1836 at her father's rectory at ...

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Hemans [née Browne], Felicia Dorothea (1793–1835), poet, was born on 25 September 1793, at 118 Duke Street, Liverpool, the daughter of George Browne and his wife, Felicity Dorothea, née Wagner (1766–1827). Her paternal grandfather was George Browne of Passage, co. Cork, Ireland...

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Hendriks, Rose Ellen (fl. 1845–1856), novelist and poet, was of a Jewish family but raised as a Christian. Her early publications were historical novels, The Astrologer's Daughter (1845) and Charlotte Corday (1846), in both of which she included introductory comments drawing attention to her youthfulness and desire for literary fame. The partly autobiographical ...