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Anson [née Yorke], Elizabeth, Lady Anson (1725–1760), political correspondent and political manager, was born in August 1725, the sixth child and eldest daughter of Philip Yorke, subsequently first Baron and first earl of Hardwicke (1690–1764), lord chancellor, and his wife, Margaret Lygon (...

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Asquith [née Tennant], Margaret Emma Alice [Margot], countess of Oxford and Asquith (1864–1945), political hostess and diarist, was born on 2 February 1864, the sixth daughter and eleventh child of Sir Charles Tennant, first baronet (1823–1906), wealthy Scottish industrialist and Liberal MP, and his first wife, ...

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Astor [née Langhorne], Nancy Witcher, Viscountess Astor (1879–1964), society hostess and politician, was born at Danville, Virginia, on 19 May 1879, the eighth child in a family of eleven. Her father, Chiswell Dabney Langhorne (1843–1919), a veteran of the American Civil War, had made his fortune in railway construction and bought an estate at ...

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Bacon, Alice Martha, Baroness Bacon (1909–1993), politician, was born on 10 September 1909 at 302 Castleford Road, Normanton, Yorkshire, the only child of Benjamin (Ben) Bacon (1882–1958), coalminer, and his wife, Charlotte (Lottie), née Handley (1888–1953). She was educated at elementary schools in ...

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Besant [née Wood], Annie (1847–1933), theosophist and politician in India, was born at 2 Fish Street Hill in the City of London on 1 October 1847, the only daughter of William Persse Wood (d. 1852), underwriter, and his wife, Emily Roche Morris (...

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Blatch [née Triggs], Emily May, Baroness Blatch (1937–2005), politician, was born on 24 July 1937 at the Maternity Hospital, Birkenhead, Cheshire, the only daughter of Stephen Joseph Triggs, a butcher's shop assistant and later electrician, and his wife, Sarah Ann, née Carpenter...

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Bridgeman [née Weld-Forester], Selina Louisa, countess of Bradford (1819–1894), correspondent of Benjamin Disraeli, was born in London on 17 February 1819, the seventh and youngest child of Cecil, first Baron Forester (1767–1828), MP and landowner, and his wife, née Lady Katherine Manners (1779–1829)...

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Campbell, Amabel Hume- [née Lady Amabel Yorke], suo jure Countess De Grey (1751–1833), political writer, was born on 22 January 1751, the first of the two children of Philip Yorke, second earl of Hardwicke (1720–1790), and his wife, Jemima Yorke, née Campbell, ...

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Canning [née Stuart], Charlotte Elizabeth, Countess Canning (1817–1861), courtier and vicereine of India, was born at the British embassy in Paris on 31 March 1817, the elder of the two daughters of Sir Charles Stuart, later Baron Stuart de Rothesay (1779–1845), diplomatist, and his wife, ...

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Carter, (Helen) Violet Bonham [née (Helen) Violet Asquith], Baroness Asquith of Yarnbury (1887–1969), politician, was born on 15 April 1887 at Eton House in John Street, Hampstead, London, the only daughter and the fourth of the five children of Herbert Henry Asquith, later ...

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Cavendish [née Spencer], Georgiana, duchess of Devonshire (1757–1806), political hostess, was born in Wimbledon, Surrey, on 7 June 1757, the eldest daughter of John Spencer, first Earl Spencer (1734–1783), and his wife, Margaret Georgiana Spencer (née Poyntz) (1737–1814). Four more siblings followed, of whom two survived: ...

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Cecil [née Hill], Mary Amelia [Emily Mary], marchioness of Salisbury (1750–1835), political hostess and sportswoman, was born and baptized in Dublin on 16 August 1750, the eldest daughter of Wills Hill, second Viscount Hillsborough and successively later first earl of Hillsborough and first marquess of Downshire...

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Churchill, Clementine Ogilvy Spencer- [née Clementine Ogilvy Hozier], Baroness Spencer-Churchill (1885–1977), political wife, was born at 75 Grosvenor Street, London, on 1 April 1885, and was assumed to be the second among the four children (three daughters, one son) of Colonel Henry Montague Hozier (1838–1907)...

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Churchill [née Jenyns], Sarah, duchess of Marlborough (1660–1744), politician and courtier, was born on 5 June 1660, probably at Holywell, St Albans, Hertfordshire, the fourth and youngest daughter of Richard Jenyns (c.1618–1668), whose name is often spelt Jennings by later writers, and his wife, ...

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Colman, Grace Mary (1892–1971), educationist and politician, was born at 7 Dorlcote Road, Wandsworth, London, on 30 April 1892, the daughter of Frederick Selincourt Colman (1857–1917), vicar of Earlsfield and later a canon of Worcester Cathedral, and his wife, Constance Mary Hawkings. Grace's...

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Courtney [née Potter], Catherine [Kate], Lady Courtney of Penwith (1847–1929), social worker and internationalist, was born on 4 April 1847 at Gayton Hall, Herefordshire, the second of nine daughters of Richard Potter (1817–1892), railway entrepreneur and speculator, and his wife, Lawrencina, née...

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Courtney, Dame Kathleen D'Olier (1878–1974), suffragist and peace campaigner, was born on 11 March 1878 at 1 York Terrace, Gillingham, Kent, the youngest of five daughters and fifth of seven children of Lieutenant (later Major) David Charles Courtney (1845–1909) of the Royal Engineers...

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Creighton [née von Glehn], Louise Hume (1850–1936), social activist and writer of popular history and biography, was born on 7 July 1850 at Peak Hill Lodge, Sydenham, on the outskirts of London, tenth child of Robert William von Glehn (1801–1885) and Agnes Duncan (...

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Curzon [née Leiter], Mary Victoria, Lady Curzon of Kedleston (1870–1906), vicereine of India, was born on 27 May 1870 at 924 Indiana Avenue, Chicago, the second of the four children of Levi Ziegler Leiter (1834–1904), merchant and millionaire, and his wife, Mary Theresa (1845–1913)...

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Davies, (Sarah) Emily (1830–1921), suffragist and promoter of higher education for women, was born on 22 April 1830 in Southampton, the fourth child and second daughter of John Davies DD (1795–1861) and his wife, Mary Hopkinson (d. 1886), the daughter of a businessman from ...