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Astor [née Langhorne], Nancy Witcher, Viscountess Astor (1879–1964), society hostess and politician, was born at Danville, Virginia, on 19 May 1879, the eighth child in a family of eleven. Her father, Chiswell Dabney Langhorne (1843–1919), a veteran of the American Civil War, had made his fortune in railway construction and bought an estate at ...

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Astor, Waldorf, second Viscount Astor (1879–1952), politician and newspaper proprietor, was born in New York city on 19 May 1879, the elder son in the family of two sons and one daughter of William Waldorf Astor (1848–1919) and his wife, Mary (Mamie) Dahlgren Paul (...

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Baxter, John Philip (1896–1975), film director and producer, was the eldest son of John Alexander Baxter, commercial clerk and later chief clerk of the Western Union Telegraph Company, and his wife, Ada Kate, née Francis. He was born on 31 December 1896 at ...

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Beesley, Michael Edwin (1924–1999), economist, was born on 3 July 1924 at 127 Sandon Road, Edgbaston, Birmingham, the second son of Edwin Sherman Beesley (1889–1969), clerk, later a broker at Stewart and Lloyds, and his wife, Kathleen Daisy Peacey (1891–1975), who ran her own tailoring business. After ...

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Bird, (Cyril) Kenneth [pseud. Fougasse] (1887–1965), cartoonist and journal editor, was born on 17 December 1887 at 26 Westbourne Terrace Road, London, the younger son of Arthur Bird, a London merchant and a prominent cricketer and first-class shot, and his wife, Mary Wheen...

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Browning, Oscar (1837–1923), teacher and historian, was born on 17 January 1837 at 8 Cumberland Terrace, Regent's Park, London, third son of William Shipton Browning (d. 1853), distiller, of Smithfield, and his wife, Mariana Margaret (1799–1889), daughter of Thomas Bridge (1772–1858), captain in the ...

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Butler [née Ramsay], Agnata Frances (1867–1931), classical scholar, was born on 28 January 1867 at 13 Upper Seymour Street, Marylebone, London, the third and youngest daughter of Sir James Henry Ramsay, tenth baronet (1832–1925), of Bamff, historian, and his first wife, Elizabeth Mary Charlotte (...

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Butler, Sir James Ramsay Montagu (1889–1975), historian, was born in the master's lodge, Trinity College, Cambridge, on 20 July 1889. Both his grandfather and his father, Henry Montagu Butler (1833–1918), had been headmaster of Harrow School, and in 1886 the latter was appointed master of ...

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Cresswell, (Elizabeth) Helen (1934–2005), children's author, was born on 11 July 1934 at Orchard House nursing home, Kirkby in Ashfield, Nottinghamshire, the second of three children of Joseph Edward Cresswell and his wife, Annie Edna, née Clarke. She was originally named Edna Helen Cresswell...

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Cushing [née May; other married name Williams], Winifred Emma [pseud. Patience Strong] (1907–1990), author and poet, was born on 4 June 1907 in Catford, London, the younger daughter and second of three children of Alfred William May, postal worker at Mount Pleasant, London...

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Davies, Dame Gwen Lucy Ffrangcon- (1891–1992), actress, was born on 25 January 1891 at 195 Finchley Road, Hampstead, London, the daughter of David Thomas Ffrangcon-Davies (1855–1918), choral singer, and his wife, Annie Frances, née Rayner (1863-1936). Her father was said to have taken the name ...

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Evans, Dame Edith Mary (1888–1976), actress, was born on 8 February 1888 at 12 Ebury Square, London, the daughter of Edward Evans, a minor civil servant, and his wife, Caroline Ellen Foster; a brother born in 1886 died at the age of four. ...

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Grenfell [née Phipps], Joyce Irene (1910–1979), actress and broadcaster, was born in London on 10 February 1910, the elder child and only daughter of Paul Phipps (1880–1953), an architect and a fellow of the Royal Institute of British Architects, and his wife, ...

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Keir, Thelma Cazalet- (1899–1989), politician, was born on 28 May 1899 at 4 Whitehall Gardens, London, the third of four children, the eldest of whom was killed in action in 1916, and only daughter of William Marshall Cazalet (1865–1932), a man of hereditary wealth and standing, whose family origins were Huguenot, and his wife, ...

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Kerr, Philip Henry, eleventh marquess of Lothian (1882–1940), writer and politician, was born in London on 18 April 1882, the eldest of five surviving children (an elder sister, b. 1880, died in infancy) of Lord Ralph Drury Kerr (1837–1916), army officer, and his wife, ...

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Mitford, Unity Valkyrie Freeman- (1914–1948), Nazi sympathizer, was born on 8 August 1914 at 49 Victoria Road, Kensington, London, the fourth of six exceptionally spirited daughters of David Bertram Ogilvy Freeman-Mitford (1878–1958), who succeeded as second Baron Redesdale of the second creation in 1916. Her mother was ...

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Nicholson [née Roberts], (Rosa) Winifred (1893–1981), painter and writer, was born on 21 December 1893 in Oxford, the eldest child in the family of two daughters and one son of Charles Henry Roberts MP, of Oxford, and his wife, Lady Cecilia Maude (...

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Peake [née Watts; other married name Hanbury], Dame Felicity Hyde (1913–2002), air force officer, was born at Holly Bank, Swann Lane, Cheadle Hulme, Cheshire, on 1 May 1913, the younger daughter of Humphrey Watts, a senior partner in S. and J. Watts...

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Richardson, Marion Elaine (1892–1946), art teacher, was born on 9 October 1892 at 10 Wellesley Villas, Ashford, Kent, the second daughter of six children of Walter Marshall Richardson (1859–c.1907), a master brewer, and his wife, Ellen, née Dyer (b. 1860)...

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Sharp, Cecil James (1859–1924), collector of English folk-songs and dances, was born on 22 November 1859 at Denmark Hill, London, the eldest son and third of the eleven children of John James Sharp (1827–1903), a slate merchant, and his wife, Jane (1829?–1915), the daughter of ...