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Agasse, Jacques-Laurent (1767–1849), painter, was born on 24 March 1767 at Geneva, and baptized there at the Temple Neuf on 21 April, the son of Philippe Agasse (1739–1827), merchant, and his wife, Catherine Audeoud (1737–1818). His family were merchants of Huguenot origin who had been established in ...

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Ames, William (1576–1633), theologian and university teacher, was born at Ipswich, the son of William Ames, merchant, and his wife, Joane Snelling, also from a Suffolk merchant family. Both of these families were substantial folk. William had one sister, Elizabeth. When the two were quite young, the parents died, and ...

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Bentinck, Hans Willem [William], first earl of Portland (1649–1709), diplomat and politician, was born on 20 July 1649 ns at Diepenheim in the eastern Netherlands, the fifth of nine children of Berent Bentinck (1597–1668), lord of Diepenheim and drost (sheriff) of Deventer, and his wife, ...

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Botha, Louis (1862–1919), prime minister of the Union of South Africa and army officer, was born on 27 September 1862 at Honigfontein, near Greytown, Natal, the ninth child of Louis Botha (1827–1883), farmer, and his wife, Salomina Adriana Van Rooyen, both of whom had gone on the great trek as children. Until ...

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Boyer, Abel (1667?–1729), lexicographer and journalist, was most probably born on 24 June 1667, at Castres in the upper Languedoc, the son of Pierre Boyer, one of the two chief magistrates or consuls of Castres, and Catherine Campdomerc (b. 1651), the eighth child of the marriage of ...

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Burgers, Thomas François (1834–1881), president of the South African Republic, was born on 15 April 1834 in Langfontein, Camdeboo, in the Graaff-Reinet district of Cape Colony, the youngest son of Barend Jacobus Burger or Burgers (1775–1845), a minister, and Elisabeth Magdalena Theron (1792–1867)...

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Burroughes, Jeremiah (bap. 1601?, d. 1646), Independent minister, was perhaps the son of Francis Borroughe baptized on 10 June 1601 at St Nicholas, Colchester, Essex. In 1617 he was admitted pensioner to Emmanuel College, Cambridge, where he graduated BA in 1621 and proceeded MA in 1624; his tutor was ...

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Casaubon, Isaac (1559–1614), classical scholar and ecclesiastical historian, was born in Geneva on 18 February 1559 ns and baptized two days later, one of the nine children of Arnaud Casaubon (1525–1586), pastor in the Reformed church, and his wife, Jeanne, or Mengine, née...

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Cawton, Thomas (1605–1659), Reformed minister, was born at Rainham, Norfolk, of poor parents. Sir Roger Townshend became his patron and sent him to Queens' College, Cambridge, from where he matriculated in 1626, graduated BA in 1630, and proceeded MA in 1633. He was noted at the university for both his learning and his austere piety, which '...

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Charles Lewis [Karl Ludwig] (1618–1680), elector palatine of the Rhine, second and eldest surviving son of Frederick V, elector palatine (1596–1632) [see under Elizabeth (1596–1662)], and his wife, Elizabeth Stuart [see Elizabeth (1596–1662)], was born on 1 January 1618 ns in ...

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Engels, Friedrich [Frederick] (1820–1895), businessman and revolutionary leader, was born on 28 November 1820 in Barmen, Westphalia, the son of Friedrich Engels (1796–1860), a textile manufacturer, and Elizabeth, née van Haar (1797–1873), the daughter of a schoolmaster of Dutch origin. Frederick (as he came to be known in ...

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Fatio, Nicolas, of Duillier (1664–1753), mathematician and natural philosopher, was born at Basel on 16 February 1664, the second son and seventh child of Jean-Baptiste Fatio (1625–1708) and his wife, Catherine (d. 1692), daughter of Gaspard Barbaud.

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Fletcher, John William [formerly Jean Guillaume de La Fléchère] (bap. 1729, d. 1785), Church of England clergyman and Methodist writer, was baptized on 19 September 1729 in Nyon, Switzerland, the last of eight children of Jacques de La Fléchère (1678–1756), army officer and assessor to the bailiff in ...

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Gerbier, Sir Balthazar (1592–1663/1667), art agent, miniature painter, and architect, was born on 23 February 1592 at Middelburg in the Netherlands, the son of Antonie Gerbier and Radigonde Blavet, who were Huguenot émigrés. Gerbier later styled himself Baron d'Ouvilly, or Doully. Little is known about his early upbringing or education, and ...

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Ginckel, Godard van Reede-, first earl of Athlone (1644–1703), army officer, was born on 4 June 1644 at Amerongen Castle, Utrecht, the Netherlands, the only son of Godard Adriaan, first Baron van Reede (1621–1691), head of an old feudal family and a leading Dutch diplomat, and his wife, ...

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Haak, Theodore (1605–1690), translator and natural philosopher, was born on 25 July 1605 at Neuhausen, near Worms, where his father, Theodor Haak, held some administrative office; his mother, Maria, was the daughter of Daniel Tossanus, a Huguenot refugee who had become rector of the ...

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Hertzog, James Barry Munnik (1866–1942), prime minister of South Africa, was born at his father's farm, Zoetendal, near Wellington, Cape Colony, on 3 April 1866, the fifth son and eighth surviving child of Johannes Albertus Munnik Hertzog (1826–1895) and his wife, Susanna Maria Jacoba Hamman (1831–1921)...

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Hofmeyr, Jan Hendrik (1845–1909), politician in Cape Colony and newspaper editor, was born at Welgemeend, Camp Street, Cape Town, on 3 or 4 July 1845, the eldest of twelve children (seven of whom survived into adulthood) who were born to a farmer near ...

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Horneck, Anthony (1641–1697), Church of England clergyman, was born at Bacharach in the Lower Palatinate in 1641, the son of Phillip Elias Horneck, the recorder of the town, and his wife, Anna Sophia, née Grammartz. Anthony's father educated him for the Reformed ministry under ...

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Houblon, Sir John (1632–1712), merchant, was born on 13 March 1632, the third son in the family of ten sons and three daughters of James Houblon (1592–1682), merchant, and his wife Marie du Quesne (or Ducane). He became more eminent than any of his nine brothers, four of whom were also prosperous merchants and two of whom served on the directorate of the ...