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Benney, (Adrian) Gerald Sallis (1930–2008), goldsmith and silversmith, was born at 56 Westbourne Avenue, Sculcoates, Hull, on 21 April 1930, the younger son of Ernest Alfred Sallis Benney (1894–1966), an artist and designer who was then principal of the City of Hull College of Arts and Crafts...

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John Culme

revised

Bridge, John (1755–1834), jeweller, was born in Piddletrenthide, Dorset, on 21 January 1755, the eldest son of Thomas Bridge (d. 1792) and his wife, Mary (d. 1779). Following in the footsteps of his future partner, Philip Rundell, he was apprenticed in 1769 to the jeweller ...

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Brown, William (1748–1825), gem-engraver, was trained in London, but of his origins and family circumstances nothing is known. He suffered an early set-back in his career when, aged fourteen, he competed for a Royal Society of Arts drawing prize but, with four others, was disqualified for cheating; he was consequently ruled ineligible when he tried for the premium for intaglio-engraving in 1763. Nevertheless, in 1766 he began exhibiting engraved gems annually, first at the ...

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Burch, Edward (bap. 1730, d. 1814), gem-engraver, son of Andrew Burch and his wife, Hannah Roberts, was baptized on 30 October 1730 at St Botolph, Aldgate, in the East End of London. Originally a Thames waterman, he felt drawn towards the arts and taught himself seal engraving. On 7 November 1752 he married ...

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Cox, James (c. 1723–1800), jeweller and entrepreneur, was born in London, the son of Henry Cox (c.1691–1746), tailor of Broad Street, and his wife, Frances, née Matthews. He was apprenticed in 1738 to Humphry Pugh, goldsmith of Fleet Street and freeman of the ...

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Charles Green (1844–1906) by Harold Baker, 1898 reproduced with the permission of Birmingham Libraries & Archives

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Green, Charles (1844–1906), manufacturing jeweller, was born at 77 Hockley Hill, Birmingham, Warwickshire, on 5 January 1844, the son of Charles Green (1817–1865), jeweller, and his wife, Mary, née Mills (1817–1877). At the time of his birth his parents and two older brothers lived where ...

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Grima, Andrew Peter (1921–2007), jeweller, was born in Rome on 31 May 1921, the son of John Grima, a Maltese-born embroidery designer, and his Italian wife, Leopolda, née Farnese. The family moved to Britain when Andrew was aged five. After attending St Joseph's College...

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George Heriot (1563–1624) by David Scougall (after Paul van Somer) courtesy of George Heriot Trust, Edinburgh

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Heriot, George (1563–1624), jeweller and philanthropist, was born in Edinburgh on 15 June 1563, the eldest son of George Heriot (1539/40–1610), goldsmith and MP, of Edinburgh and his first wife, Elizabeth Balderstone. Heriot was apprenticed to his father's trade, and on 14 January 1586 he was contracted to marry ...

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Jacob Jacobs (1839–1896) by unknown photographer reproduced with the permission of Birmingham Libraries & Archives

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Jacobs, Jacob (1839–1896), wholesale jeweller and politician, was born at 56 Church Street, Sheffield, Yorkshire, on 11 July 1839, the second child of Ephraim Jacobs (1804/5–1862), a furrier of Jewish descent born in Poland, and his wife, Jane, née Solomon (d. 1882)...

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Ker, James (d. 1768), jeweller and politician, was the son of Thomas Ker of Edinburgh, deacon of the corporation and a magistrate of the city, and his wife, Margaret, daughter and coheir of John Kerr of the Canongate. His grandfather was Sir Thomas Ker...

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W. W. Wroth

revised by Martin Henig

King, Charles William (1818–1888), writer on gemstones, was born on 5 September 1818 at Newport, Monmouthshire, the son of Charles King, a shipping agent in the iron trade, and his wife, Anne. He was educated at a private school in Bristol and entered ...

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Lulls, Arnold [formerly Arnout] (fl. 1584–1642), merchant and jeweller, was born in Antwerp, Spanish Netherlands. Members of the Lulls family had lived in England since the 1550s, but Arnold himself arrived some time between 1580 and 1584, when he became a member of the Dutch church, ...

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Nathaniel Marchant (1738/99–1816) attrib. Hugh Douglas Hamilton, c. 1779–88 by courtesy of the Trustees of Sir John Soane's Museum

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Marchant, Nathaniel (1738/9–1816), gem-engraver and medallist, came from a family long-established in the village of Mayfield, Sussex. Details of his parentage and birth are obscure, although he was possibly the son of another Nathaniel Marchant (b. 1702), at one time an apprentice watchmaker. ...

Article

William Carr

revised by M. Bimbenet-Privat

Moret, Hubert (fl. 1531–1536), goldsmith and jeweller, was thought to be a Paris merchant but was mentioned in French royal papers as a Lyons jeweller. From December 1532 to June 1533 he supplied François I with pearls, rubies, emeralds, and other jewels, as well as goldsmiths' work, such as rings, bangles, and gold caskets (...

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Natter, Johann Lorenz (1705–1763), gem-engraver and medallist, was born on 21 March 1705 at Biberach-an-der-Riss, Germany, the second son of Johann Ulrich Natter, a dyer (Garnsieder). He first trained alongside his elder brother, Johann Georg, as a jeweller in Biberach, but in 1724 he left the town for ...

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Thompson Cooper

revised by Nigel Israel

Nicols, Thomas (fl. 1652), writer on gemstones, was the son of John Nichols, who practised as a physician in Cambridge. He may possibly be identified with the fifth son of Dr Nicholls, born at Cambridge, who was entered at Trinity College, Dublin, on 10 June 1640, aged eighteen. He was admitted as a sizar at ...