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Anderson, Sir Hugh Kerr (1865–1928), physiologist and university administrator, was born at Frognal Park, Hampstead, on 6 July 1865. His great-grandfather was a surgeon in the Royal Navy; his grandfather was a doctor at Peterhead, who died young, leaving a family. The second son, ...

Article

Thomas Seccombe

revised by Mark Pottle

Anderson, William (1842–1900), anatomist and writer on art, was born on 18 December 1842 in London at the Eldon Arms, Queen Square, the son of William Henry Anderson, licensed victualler, and his wife, Ann, formerly Cattel. After attending the City of London School...

Article

Butterfield, (William) John Hughes, Baron Butterfield (1920–2000), medical researcher and university administrator, was born on 28 March 1920 at 22 Yew Tree House, Station Road, Stechford, Birmingham, the son of William Hughes (Billy) Butterfield, engineer and businessman, and his wife, Doris, née Pritchard...

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Carew, Sir Richard, first baronet (1579/80–1643?), medical experimenter and educationist, was the eldest surviving son of the poet and antiquary Richard Carew (1555–1620) of Antony, Cornwall, and his wife, Juliana Arundell (1563–1629). Personal information comes largely from two Antony House manuscript texts—a spiritual autobiography (1628–30), called ...

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Winifred Clara Cullis (1875–1956) by Madame Yevonde, 1944 © Yevonde Portrait Archive; collection National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

R. E. M. Bowden

revised by Ruth E. M. Bowden

Cullis, Winifred Clara (1875–1956), physiologist and educationist, was the younger daughter and the fifth of the six children of Frederick John Cullis (1842–1931), surveyor and civil engineer of the Gloucester Dock Company, and his wife, Louisa, daughter of John Corbett of Coombe Hill...

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Sir Michael Foster (1836–1907) by John Collier, 1907 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Foster, Sir Michael (1836–1907), physiologist and politician, was born in Huntingdon on 8 March 1836, the eldest child of the three sons and seven daughters of Michael Foster (1810–1880) and his wife, Mercy Cooper. Foster was the descendant of a line of nonconformist farmers in ...

Article

Fraser, Sir Francis Richard (1885–1964), physician and physiologist, was born in Edinburgh on 14 February 1885, the seventh child of Sir Thomas Richard Fraser (1841–1920), professor of medicine, and his wife, Susannah Margaret Duncan. He went from Edinburgh Academy to Christ's College, Cambridge...

Article

Grainger, Edward (1797–1824), anatomist and lecturer, the elder son of Edward Grainger, surgeon and author of Medical and Surgical Remarks (1815), and brother of Richard Dugard Grainger (1801–1865), was born in Birmingham on 28 April 1797. After being educated at the free school, Birmingham...

Article

Jefferys [née Davies], Margaret [Margot] (1916–1999), medical sociologist, was born on 1 November 1916 in Madras, India, the second of three daughters and third among the four children of (James) Arthur Davies, barrister and principal of the Law College in Madras, and his wife, ...

Article

Keynes, Richard Darwin (1919–2010), physiologist and historian, was born on 14 August 1919 at Grove House, Hollywood Road, Kensington, London, the eldest of the four sons of Sir Geoffrey Langdon Keynes (1887–1982), surgeon, pioneer in blood transfusion, and bibliographer, and his wife, Margaret Elizabeth (1890–1974)...

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Maker: David Octavius Hill and Robert Adamson

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Robert Knox (1791–1862) by David Octavius Hill and Robert Adamson Scottish National Portrait Gallery

Article

Knox, Robert (1791–1862), anatomist and ethnologist, descended from a family of Kirkcudbright tenant farmers who claimed kinship with the ancient family of Ranfurly in Renfrewshire, which included the reformer John Knox, was the eighth child and fifth son of Robert Knox (d...

Article

Ritchie, Anthony Elliot (1915–1997), physiologist and academic administrator, was born on 30 March 1915 at 20 Upper Gray Street, Edinburgh, the only son in the family of three children of James Ritchie (1882–1958), zoologist, and his wife, Jessie Jane, youngest daughter of Walter Elliot...

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Smith, Sir Grafton Elliot (1871–1937), anatomist and anthropologist, was born on 15 August 1871 in Grafton, New South Wales, second son of Stephen Sheldrick Smith, an English schoolmaster at Grafton, and his wife, Mary Jane, née Evans, of Sydney. He was educated at ...

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John Sebastian Bach Stopford, Baron Stopford of Fallowfield (1888–1961) by Walter Stoneman, 1955 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Stopford, John Sebastian Bach, Baron Stopford of Fallowfield (1888–1961), anatomist and university administrator, was born at Hindley Green, near Wigan, Lancashire, on 25 June 1888, the eldest of the three sons of Thomas Rinch Stopford, colliery engineer from Upholland, and his wife, Mary Tyrer...

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Sir William Turner (1832–1916) by Sir George Reid, in or before 1897 reproduced with the kind permission of the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh

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Turner, Sir William (1832–1916), anatomist and university administrator, was born at 7 Friar Street, Lancaster, on 7 January 1832, the eldest surviving son of William Turner (1797–1837), upholsterer and cabinet maker, and Margaret, née Aldren (1793–1869). He had no recollection of his father, who died when he was five years old. His sister ...