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Sir Roger Roland Charles Backhouse (1878–1939) by Walter Stoneman, 1932 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Backhouse, Sir Roger Roland Charles (1878–1939), naval officer, was born on 24 November 1878 at The Rookery, Middleton Tyas, Yorkshire, the fourth son (a twin with his brother Miles) of Sir Jonathan Edmund Backhouse, first baronet (1849–1918), and member of a well-known Quaker banking family, and his wife, ...

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See Barclay, Robert, of Ury

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Berry, James (d. 1691), parliamentarian army officer and major-general, was in the late 1630s employed as a clerk in an ironworks in the west midlands. He was a friend of the puritan divine Richard Baxter with whom he shared a house for some time. ...

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Coxere, Edward (bap. 1633, d. 1694), sailor, was baptized on 16 June 1633 at St Mary's Church, Dover, the seventh (but second surviving) child of John Coxere (d. 1633), sailor, and his wife, Wealthan, née Peace. His mother, widowed when he was only five months old, quickly married a local cordwainer, ...

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Dell, Jonas (d. 1665?), soldier and religious writer, may have fought in the parliamentarian army in the civil war. Nothing is known about his origins or early life, but in 1658 he attacked a corrupt establishment thus: 'I did not think at ...

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Foster, Robert (1754–1827), naval officer and benefactor, was born on 24 April 1754 in Lancaster, the eldest of the four children of Dodshon Foster (1730–1792), merchant, and his wife, Elizabeth, née Birket (1729–1766). He attended John Jenkinson's school at Yealand Conyers and the free school at ...

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Nathanael Greene (1742–1786) by Charles Willson Peale, 1783 Independence National Historical Park

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Greene, Nathanael (1742–1786), revolutionary army officer in America, was born on 27 July 1742 in Warwick, Rhode Island, the son of Nathanael Greene senior, co-owner of an ironworks, and Mary, née Mott. Greene's father, a man of some means, did not believe in extensive formal education. So at a relatively early age ...

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Thompson Cooper

revised by D. N. Farr

Hodgson, John (1617/18–1684?), army officer and autobiographer, was a native of Yorkshire. He took up arms for parliament in late 1642 and began his military service as ensign in the regiment of Colonel Forbes. He fought under Sir Thomas Fairfax and was badly wounded in the defeat at ...

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Lurting, Thomas (1628x32–1713), sailor and religious writer, was pressed into the navy in 1646 at the age of about fourteen according to his later account. After fighting in Ireland for two years he served in the Dutch and Spanish wars. In time he rose in his profession until he became boatswain's mate in the frigate ...

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Matlack, Timothy (1736?–1829), revolutionary politician and army officer in America, was born in Haddonfield, New Jersey, most likely on 28 May 1736, though three other dates appear in biographical sources. He was the seventh child and eldest son of his father's eleven children. His parents were ...

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Thomas Mifflin (1744–1800) by John Singleton Copley, 1773 [with his wife, Sarah Morris] Historical Society of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia / Bridgeman Art Library

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Mifflin, Thomas (1744–1800), revolutionary army officer and politician in the United States of America, was born on 10 January 1744 in Philadelphia, the eldest son of John Mifflin, wealthy merchant and later Pennsylvania provincial councillor, and his wife, Elizabeth Bagnell. His father's progenitors were Quakers from ...

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Phayre [Phaire], Robert (1618/19–1682), parliamentarian army officer, was almost certainly the son of the Revd Emmanuel Phayre. The father had migrated, probably from Devon, to Ireland, where he held ecclesiastical livings in co. Cork. Both father and son sustained losses during the uprising of 1641, when they were living near ...

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Pyott, Edward (d. 1670), parliamentarian army officer, lived in Lower Easton, near Bristol. He and his wife, Elizabeth (d. 1672), formerly married to Richard Dittie, were Quakers. They had two sons, Edward, cited as a 'young lad' in 1680, and ...

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Robins, Benjamin (1707–1751), mathematician and military engineer, was born in Bath, the only son of John Robins (1666–1758), a tailor, and his wife, Sarah Broughton, Quakers of modest means. Although largely self-taught, Robins soon demonstrated his talents for literature, language, and mathematics, especially Euclidean geometry. To acquire respectable teaching credentials ...

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John Alexander Sinton (1884–1956) by Charles H. Halliday, 1947 © Charles H. Halliday; collection Royal Society

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Sinton, John Alexander (1884–1956), soldier and malariologist, was born on 2 December 1884 at Victoria, British Columbia, Canada, the third of the seven children of Walter Lyon Sinton (1860–1930?) and his wife, Isabella Mary, née Pringle (1860–1924). His parents were both from the north of ...

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Underhill, John (c. 1608–1672), soldier and colonist in America, was born in Bergen op Zoom in the Netherlands to John Underhill of Warwickshire, a soldier who died in October 1608, and Honor Pauley of St Ives parish, Cornwall. He married Helena de Hooch (...