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Adams, William George Stewart (1874–1966), political scientist and college head, was born on 8 November 1874 at Hamilton, Lanarkshire, the second son and youngest of the four children of John Adams, headmaster of St John's Grammar School, Hamilton, with Aberdonian farming ancestors, and his wife, ...

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W. P. Courtney

revised by H. C. G. Matthew

Allen, John (1771–1843), political and historical writer, was born at Redford, in the parish of Colinton, near Edinburgh, on 3 February 1771. His father, James Allen, a writer to the signet and the owner of the small estate of Redford, became bankrupt, but after his death the son, through the aid of his mother's family and the liberality of her second husband, was educated privately. He was apprenticed to an ...

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Barry, Brian Michael (1936–2009), social and political theorist, was born on 7 August 1936 at the Redhill County Hospital, Edgware, London, the only child of James Frederick Barry (1910–1975), an enamelling engineer's secretary and later an insurance agent, and his wife, Doris Rose, ...

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Belsham, William (1752–1827), political writer and historian, was born in Bedford, the fourth son of the Revd James Belsham (d. 1770), dissenting minister, and Ann(e) Woodward (d. 1780), daughter of Thomas Woodward, a Bedford brewer. His eldest brother, Thomas Belsham, later became a prominent Unitarian minister. Keenly interested in politics, ...

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Bennett, Sir John Wheeler Wheeler- (1902–1975), historian and expert on international affairs, was born on 13 October 1902, at Keston, in Kent, the youngest in the family of three sons (the first of whom died in childhood) and one daughter of John Wheeler Wheeler-Bennett (1840–1926)...

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Bull, Hedley Norman (1932–1985), scholar of international relations, was born on 10 June 1932 in Englewood Hospital, Burwood, Sydney, New South Wales, the third and youngest child of (Joseph) Norman Bull (1891–1972), insurance broker, and his wife, Doris Annie, née Hordern (1893–1967), whose family had developed a chain of department stores in ...

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Burton, John Hill (1809–1881), historian and political economist, was born in the Gallowgate, Aberdeen, on 22 August 1809, the second of six children of William Kinninmont Burton (d. 1819), a lieutenant in the army, and of Elizabeth (d. 1848), daughter of ...

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George Chalmers (bap. 1742, d. 1825) by Henry Edridge, 1809 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Chalmers, George (bap. 1742, d. 1825), antiquary and political writer, was born in Fochabers, Moray, and baptized there on 26 December 1742, the son of James Chalmers, postmaster at Fochabers, and his wife, Isabella Ruddock. He attended the parish school of Bellie and later appears to have studied at ...

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Charlot [née Huber], Monica (1933–2005), historian and political scientist, was born at 6 Maitland Park Villas, St Pancras, London, on 31 May 1933, the second of three children of Joseph Jacob (Jack) Huber, consular official, and his wife, Doris May, née Fickling...

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(Vere) Gordon Childe (1892–1957) by Lafayette, 1928 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Childe, (Vere) Gordon (1892–1957), prehistorian and labour theorist, was born at the rectory of St Thomas's Church in Sydney, New South Wales, on 14 April 1892, the only surviving offspring of the Revd Stephen Henry Childe (1844–1928), rector of St Thomas's Church, and his second wife, ...

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Thomas Cooper (1759–1839) by Asher Brown Durand, 1829 (after Charles Cromwell Ingham) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Cooper, Thomas (1759–1839), political writer and college head, was born in Westminster on 22 October 1759, the son of Thomas Cooper, who was entitled to bear heraldic arms. He matriculated from University College, Oxford, in February 1779, but did not take a degree; well known in later life as a freethinker, he is said to have refused to sign the ...

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Crankshaw, Edward (1909–1984), writer and commentator on Soviet affairs, was born on 3 January 1909 in London, the elder son (there were no daughters) of Arthur Crankshaw, later chief clerk to Old Street magistrates' court, and of his wife, Amy Bishop. He was small in stature and suffered from a weak chest, and the family soon moved out to ...

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Doyle, James Warren (1786–1834), Roman Catholic bishop of Kildare and Leighlin, political controversialist, and educationist, was born in September 1786 in New Ross, co. Wexford, the last of four children of James Doyle, a farmer, and his second wife, Anne Warren.

Doyle was educated by the Augustinians in ...

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Drucker, Henry Matthew (1942–2002), political scientist and fund-raiser, was born on 29 April 1942 in Paterson, New Jersey, USA, the elder son of Arthur Drucker (1912–1980) and his wife, Frances (1915–2001), New Deal Democrat parents. He was at school in Rutherford where his father was the proprietor of a local department store. At ...

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Ian Hedworth John Little Gilmour, Baron Gilmour of Craigmillar (1926–2007) by unknown phootgrapher, 1974 © Photoshot

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Gilmour, Ian Hedworth John Little, Baron Gilmour of Craigmillar (1926–2007), politician and author, was born Ian Hedworth Gilmour on 8 July 1926 at 16 Devonshire Terrace, London, the only son (there was an older daughter) of Lieutenant-Colonel Sir John Little Gilmour, second baronet...

Article

Graham, William (1839–1911), philosopher and political economist, was born in Saintfield, co. Down. He was a younger son of Alexander Graham, farmer and horse-dealer, and his wife, Maria Crawford, a descendant of a Scottish Presbyterian family which moved to Ireland in Charles II's...