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Edward Marcus Despard (1751–1803) by John Chapman, pubd 1804 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Despard, Edward Marcus (1751–1803), army officer and revolutionary, was born into a military family in Queen's county, Ireland, on 6 March 1751; the youngest of six sons of William Despard and his wife, Jane. John Despard (1743/4–1829) was his brother. He joined the army as an ensign in 1766 and was promoted lieutenant in 1772, while stationed in ...

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Freneau, Philip Morin (1752–1832), revolutionary poet and journalist in America, was born on 2 January 1752 on Frankford Street, New York city. He was the first of two children of Pierre Fresneau (1718–1767), wine factor and land speculator, and his wife, Agnes (1726–1817)...

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Henry, Patrick (1736–1799), revolutionary politician in America, was born on 29 May 1736 in Hanover county, Virginia, to Colonel John Henry (c.1705–1773), Scottish-born tobacco planter, and his wife, Sarah Winston Syme (c.1710–1784). He was raised in the established Church of England...

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Marx, Karl Heinrich (1818–1883), revolutionary and thinker, known from student days to his intimates as Mohr (the Moor), was born on 5 May 1818 at Brückengasse 664, in Trier, a recent addition to the kingdom of Prussia, the third of nine children and only surviving son of the lawyer ...

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Karl Heinrich Marx (1818–1883) by unknown photographer, 1867 Marx Memorial Library, London

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Rush, Benjamin (1746–1813), physician and revolutionary politician in America, was born on 4 January 1746 in Byberry, Pennsylvania, the fourth of the seven children of John Rush (1712?–1751), a farmer and gunsmith, and Susanna Harvey, née Hall (1717?–1795). When Rush's father died at the age of thirty-nine in 1751, his mother, whom ...

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Sullivan, John (1740–1795), revolutionary army officer and politician in America, was born on 17 February 1740 in Summersworth parish, New Hampshire, the third of six children of John Sullivan (who changed his name from Owen) (b. 1690), schoolmaster, and Margery Brown (...