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Adair, Patrick (1624?–1693/4), Presbyterian minister and historian, was the son of John Adair of Genoch in Galloway. His family were prominently involved in the Scottish migration to Ulster in the seventeenth century, and he was the nephew of Sir Robert Adair, a major Scots colonizer in ...

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Alison, Francis (1705–1779), Presbyterian minister and college principal in America, was born in the parish of Leck in co. Donegal, the son of Robert Alison, a weaver descended from emigrants from Scotland. His mother's name and ancestry are unknown. He may have received his early education at ...

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Anderson, James (bap. 1679, d. 1739), Church of Scotland minister and historical writer, was born in Aberdeen and baptized on 19 January 1679 at St Nicholas's Church, Aberdeen, one of at least two sons of James Anderson and Jean Campbell. His brother was ...

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Anderson, Walter (d. 1800), historian and Church of Scotland minister, was educated at the University of Edinburgh where he graduated MA on 18 March 1742. Licensed by the presbytery of Duns on 5 December 1744, he was ordained on 13 May 1756 at ...

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Arbuthnot, Alexander (1538–1583), Church of Scotland minister and college head, was the second son of Andrew Arbuthnot of Pitcarles in Kincardineshire. He himself wrote a valuable history of the Arbuthnot family, which survives as MS 2764 in Aberdeen University Library. He was educated at ...

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Arthur, Archibald (1744–1797), Church of Scotland minister and university teacher, was born on 6 September 1744 at Abbot's Inch, Renfrewshire, the eldest son of the farmer Andrew Arthur and his wife, Jean Snodgrass. After being taught at home by his parents, he attended ...

Article

Alexander Gordon

revised by W. N. Terry

Ashworth, Caleb (d. 1775), dissenting minister and tutor, was born at Clough Fold, near Rawtenstall, Rossendale, Lancashire, one of three sons of Richard Ashworth (1667–1751), a Particular Baptist lay preacher. His date of birth is uncertain: in his funeral address in 1775 Samuel Palmer...

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Baird, George Husband (1761–1840), Church of Scotland minister and university principal, was a native of the parish of Bo'ness on the Forth, Linlithgowshire, where his father, a landed gentleman of Stirlingshire, rented a farm from the duke of Hamilton. Born on 13 July 1761 at ...

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Barclay, Robert (1611/12–1682), Roman Catholic priest and college head, was born probably in Kincardineshire, the youngest of the four sons of David Barclay (1580–1660) of Mathers and Elizabeth Livingston, daughter of Sir John Livingston of Dunnipace. He graduated MA from Aberdeen University in 1633. After conversion to Roman Catholicism, ...

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Thomas Barclay (1792–1873) by Thomas Annan, pubd 1871 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Barclay, Thomas (1792–1873), Church of Scotland minister and university principal, was born at Unst, in Shetland, in June 1792, the youngest of the five sons of James Barclay (1745–1793), the minister of the parish, and his wife, Ursula, daughter of William Archibald, James Barclay's...

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G. F. Nuttall

revised by Elaine Kaye

Bartlet, James Vernon (1863–1940), ecclesiastical historian, was born on 15 August 1863 in Scarborough, the only son of George Donald Bartlet (1823–1906), an English Presbyterian minister who was also a schoolmaster in Scarborough and in London, and his wife, Susan Robe McNellan, formerly of ...

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Bennet, George (1750/51–1835), Hebraist and Presbyterian minister; details of his upbringing and parents are unknown. He passed a great portion of his life in the study of Hebrew and he was well acquainted with the learning of the rabbis, who were in his opinion more accustomed, if not better able, than Christian commentators to interpret the Hebrew ...

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Bethune, John (1725–1774), Church of Scotland minister and philosopher, was born on 6 September 1725 and baptized John Beton six days later, the son of Ferchard or Farquhar Beton or Bethune (1694–1746), minister of Croy, Nairnshire, of the Bethunes of Skye, and Margaret Rose (...

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Binning, Hugh (1627–1653), philosopher and Church of Scotland minister, was born at Dalvenan, Ayrshire, the son of John Binning, the proprietor of Dalvenan, and Margaret M'Kell, daughter of Matthew M'Kell (or M'Kail), the parish clergyman of Bothwell, Lanarkshire. Margaret M'Kell's brother Hugh M'Kail...

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Blackwell, Thomas (1660?–1728), Church of Scotland minister and college head, was probably born in Glasgow, the son of a covenanting calenderer, Thomas Blackwell, and his wife, Janet Knox. He was educated at the University of Glasgow, where he apparently earned an MA in 1684. He was licensed to preach on 23 February 1693 and received a call to become a minister from the ...

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Blair, Hugh (1718–1800), Church of Scotland minister and literary critic, was born in Edinburgh on 7 April 1718, the only child of John Blair, a clerk in the Excise Office, and Martha, daughter of Alexander Ogston, an Edinburgh bookseller, and his wife, Martha...

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James Blair (1655/66–1743) by Charles Bridges Muscarelle Museum of Art, College of William and Mary

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Blair, James (1655/6–1743), Church of England clergyman and founder of the College of William and Mary, was the son of Peter Blair (d. 1673), Church of Scotland minister of St Cuthbert's parish, Edinburgh, and his wife, Mary Hamilton (d. in or after 1696)...

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Blair, John (d. 1782), Church of England clergyman and chronologist, was descended from the Blairs of Balthayock, Perthshire, although precise information about his parents, date of birth, and early years is lacking. He was born and educated in Edinburgh, where he trained for a career in the ...