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Anes, Dunstan [formerly Gonsalvo Anes; alias Gonzalo Jorge] (c. 1520–1594), merchant, was born in Portugal as Gonsalvo, the second son of a merchant, Jorge Anes (d. in or before 1540), and his wife, Elizabeth Rodrigues (b. 1481, d. after 1568)...

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Brampton, Sir Edward [Duarte Brandão] (c. 1440–1508), soldier and merchant, was born in Lisbon c.1440, reputedly the illegitimate son of Rui Barba and the wife of a Jewish blacksmith. About 1468 he travelled to England and converted to Christianity. As was usual in such cases, the ...

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Carvajal, Antonio Fernandez (d. 1659), merchant, was probably born in Portugal, for in his youth he seems to have lived in Fundão. He may have fled to Spain at some time, and apparently owned land in the Canary Islands. By the early 1630s he was in ...

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Czarnikow, (Julius) Caesar (1838–1909), sugar broker, was born at Sondershausen, Germany, the third son in a family of seven sons and two daughters of Moritz Czarnikow (b. 1795), agent and commissioner of commerce to the prince of Sondershausen, and of his wife, ...

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Fonseca, Alvaro da [Jacob Jessurun Alvares] (1657?–1742), diamond merchant, was born in Lisbon, the second of three children of Manuel Alvares and Brites Gomes. His full name was probably Alvaro da Fonseca Alvares. The family were New Christians from Trancoso in northern Portugal...

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Goldsmid, Henry Edward (1812–1855), East India Company servant, born at Finsbury Square, London, on 9 May 1812, was the second son of Edward Moses (1763–1853), of Upper Harley Street, London, and his wife, Rose, née Joachim (1774–1851). His father took the name Goldsmid...

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Heymann, Lewis (1802–1869), lace merchant and manufacturer, was born on 3 March 1802 at Teterow in the grand duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (later part of Germany), one of the three children of Gabriel Heymann and his wife, Nascha. For some years he travelled from ...

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Isaacs, Godfrey Charles (1866–1925), industrialist, was born in 1866, the fourth son and seventh of nine children of Joseph Michael Isaacs (1832–1908), a London fruit and ship broker, and his wife, Sarah (1835–1922), daughter of Daniel Davis. Godfrey Isaacs was of a Jewish family which had overcome considerable prejudice to make its mark in public life. His uncle, ...

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See Mond family

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Nunes [Nuñez], Hector [known as Dr Hector] (1520–1591), physician and merchant, was born in Evora, Portugal. His family were among those Jews who had been forcibly baptized in 1497 by order of King Manuel I. He studied medicine at Coimbra University, taking a BA in 1540 and an MB in 1543. Because at this time the ...

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Maker: unknown photographer

Sir Ernest Oppenheimer (1880–1957) by unknown photographer De Beers Consolidated Mines, South Africa

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Oppenheimer, Sir Ernest (1880–1957), diamond merchant and financier, was born in Friedberg, Germany, on 22 May 1880, the fifth son and eighth child of Eduard Oppenheimer (1841–1924), cigar merchant, and his wife, Nanny Hirschhorn (1841–1912). From the age of ten he was educated in French and classics at the ...

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Robles, Antonio Rodrigues [Ishac Barzilai] (d. 1688), merchant, was born in Fundão in Beira, Portugal. His uncle, Duarte Henriques Alvares, had been appointed as receiver of customs and royal revenues in the Canary Islands and appointed him, under the surname Rodrigues Fererino (or, according to another text, ...

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Rodrigues, Alphonso [Isaac Israel Sequeira] (d. 1716), merchant, was born in Lisbon, Portugal, the eldest son of Gomes Rodrigues [Abraham Israel Sequeira] (d. 1678), who originated from Villa Viçosa. Gomes Rodrigues went to England with his family in 1662 to avoid the Portuguese Inquisition and to take advantage of clauses in the marriage treaty between ...

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See Rodrigues, Alphonso [Isaac Israel Sequeira]

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Schwabe, Salis (1800–1853), calico printer and philanthropist, was born Salomon ben Elias Schwabe, in the village of Ovegoenne in the duchy of Oldenburg, northern Germany, and educated chiefly in Hanover. He had at least one brother. At the age of seventeen he went to ...

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Solomon, Samuel (1768/9–1819), manufacturer of patent medicines, was born in 1768 or 1769. Neither the identity of his parents nor the place of his birth is known, but he was of Jewish origin. He is said to have been a street urchin, hawking either black-ball shoe cleaner in ...