Carnegie, Andrew (1835–1919), steelmaker and philanthropist, was born in Moodie Street, Dunfermline, Fife, on 25 November 1835, the eldest of three children of William Carnegie (d. 1855), a damask linen weaver, and his wife, Margaret. After the age of eight he was educated at a Lancastrian school. Other influences on him—aside from his parents' poverty—were his family's nonconformity (his father was a Swedenborgian) and its Chartist sympathies....
Barbara M. D. Smith
Nettlefold, Joseph Henry (1827–1881), screw manufacturer, was born in London on 19 September 1827, the son of John Sutton Nettlefold (1792–1866) and his wife, Martha Chamberlain (1794–1866), both Unitarians. What was to become the future firm of Guest, Keen and Nettlefolds (GKN...