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Aikin, Charles Rochemont (1775–1847), surgeon, was born at Warrington, Lancashire, the second son of John Aikin (1747–1822), physician, author, and religious dissenter, and Martha Jennings (c.1746–1830); he was the grandson of John Aikin (1713–1780), and brother of Lucy Aikin (1781–1864) and ...

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John Aikin (1747–1822) by George Engleheart, pubd 1823 (after Wright) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Aikin, John (1747–1822), physician and writer, was born on 15 January 1747 at Kibworth Harcourt, Leicestershire, the younger child and only son of John Aikin (1713–1780), theologian, and his wife, Jane Jennings (1714–1785). He had an elder sister, who, under her married name of ...

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Alderson, John (bap. 1757, d. 1829), physician, was baptized on 4 June 1757 at Lowestoft, Suffolk, the youngest child of the Revd James Alderson (1713/14–1760), a dissenting minister, and his wife, Judith, née Mewse. He was only about three years old when his father died and he was brought up by an aunt and uncle in ...

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Michael Maurice Balint (1896–1970) by Dr Edward H. Stein private collection

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Balint, Michael Maurice [formerly Mihaly Bergsmann] (1896–1970), psychoanalyst, was born on 3 December 1896 in Baross Street, Jozsefvaros, a residential section of Budapest, Hungary. He was the first of the two children of Ignac Bergsmann, a general medical practitioner. Both his parents were descendants of German Jewish families who had been fully assimilated Hungarians for only two or three generations. He later changed his name to ...

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Barham, Thomas Foster (1794–1869), physician and classical scholar, was born at Hendon, Middlesex, on 10 September 1794, the eldest son of six children born to Thomas Foster Barham (1766–1844) and his wife, Mary Ann Morton. Among his brothers, William Foster Barham (1802–1845) was a writer, ...

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Richard Carmichael (1779–1849) by Edward Francis Finden (after Sir Frederic William Burton) Ashmolean Museum, Oxford

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Carmichael, Richard (1779–1849), surgeon and educationist, was born in Bishop Street, Dublin, on 6 February 1779, the fourth son of Hugh Carmichael, solicitor, who was closely related to the Scottish family of the earls of Hyndford, and his wife, Sarah (née Rogers)...

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Clark, John (bap. 1744, d. 1805), physician, first son of William Clark, tenant farmer at Prior Raw, Roxburghshire, was baptized on 10 May 1744 in the local parish of Linton. He had six brothers and three sisters and received his primary education in ...

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Thomas Cogan (1736–1818) by James Basire, pubd 1814 (after François Pascal Simon, Baron Gérard) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Cogan, Thomas (1736–1818), physician, was born on 8 February 1736 at Rowell (Rothwell), Northamptonshire, the second of the four children of John Cogan, surgeon and apothecary (1698–1784), who came from a Somerset family, and his first wife, Martha Morrice, of Lukenham, Leicestershire. Thomas's...

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John Conolly (1794–1866) by William Walker (after Sir John Watson-Gordon, exh. RA 1851) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Conolly, John (1794–1866), physician and alienist, was born at his grandmother's house in Market Rasen, Lincolnshire, on 27 May 1794, the second of three sons of Jonathon Conolly, an impecunious Anglo-Irish gentleman of no fixed pursuits, and of his wife, Dorothy Tennyson (1761–1816)...

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Norman Moore

revised by Anita McConnell

Estlin, John Bishop (1785–1855), surgeon, son of John Prior Estlin (1747–1817), schoolmaster, of Bristol, and his second wife, Susanna Bishop (d. 1842), was born at St Michael's Hill, Bristol, on 26 December 1785. He was educated in his father's school on St Michael's Hill...

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James Gairdner

revised by Patrick Wallis

Gairdner, John (1790–1876), surgeon, eldest son of Captain Robert Gairdner (d. 1795) of the Bengal artillery and J. Macrae Smith, was born at Mount Charles, near Ayr, on 18 September 1790. When he was only five years old his father was killed by the kick of a horse, and the care of five sons and a daughter fell upon his widowed mother. He received his school education at ...

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G. T. Bettany

revised by Patrick Wallis

Good, John Mason (1764–1827), physician and surgeon, the second son of Peter Good, a Congregational minister at Epping, Essex, was born at Epping on 25 May 1764; his mother, Sarah Peyto (d. 1766), was the niece of the Revd John Mason (1706–1763)...

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Henry, Thomas (1734–1816), apothecary and chemist, was born on 28 September 1734 at Wrexham, Wales, the third of five children and the second of three sons of William Henry. His parents kept a school but his father was best known as a dancing-master. Of his elder brother, ...

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See Henry, William

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See Herapath, William