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Adamson, Joy [née Friederike Viktoria Gessner] (1910–1980), conservationist and artist, was born on 20 January 1910 in Troppau, Silesia, the second of the three children of Viktor Gessner (d. 1933/4), civil servant, and his wife, Traute Greipel (1888?–1973). Her mother's family was well off, owning lands and paper factories. After her parents were divorced in 1922 she was brought up by her maternal grandmother in ...

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Appiah [née Cripps], Enid Margaret [Peggy] (1921–2006), anthologist and charity worker, was born on 21 May 1921 at Filkins, Gloucestershire, the youngest child in the family of three daughters and one son of Sir (Richard) Stafford Cripps (1889–1952), barrister and politician, and his wife, ...

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Archdale [née Russel], Helen Alexander (1876–1949), feminist and journalist, was born at Nenthorn, Berwickshire, on 25 August 1876, the daughter of Alexander Russel (1814–1876) and Helen Evans, née Carter (1834–1903) [see under Edinburgh Seven]. Her father, who died a month before her birth, was editor of ...

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Armitt, Mary Louisa (1851–1911), author and founder of the Armitt Library, Ambleside, was born at 19 Melbourne Terrace, Salford, Lancashire, on 24 September 1851. She was the youngest of three daughters of William Armitt (1815–1867), an impecunious assistant overseer who valued learning, and his wife, ...

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Ashby, Dame Margery Irene Corbett (1882–1981), feminist and internationalist, was born on 19 April 1882 in London, the eldest of three children (two girls and a boy) of Charles Henry Joseph Corbett, businessman and landowner of Woodgate, Danehill, Sussex, and his wife, Marie...

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Ashton, Margaret (1856–1937), local politician and philanthropist, was born on 19 January 1856 at Ashfield, Wilmslow Road, in Withington, Manchester, the third of the six daughters and three sons of Thomas Ashton (1818–1898), a wealthy cotton manufacturer, and his wife, Elizabeth (1831–1914), daughter of ...

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Baldock [née Rogers], (Lucy) Minnie (1864–1954), suffrage activist and campaigner, was born at 48 Morant Street, in Poplar, East London, on 20 November 1864, the eldest of three daughters of Isaac Rogers (1831/1832–1903), a foreman cooper, and his wife ...

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Baldwin [née Ridsdale], Lucy, Countess Baldwin of Bewdley (1869–1945), campaigner for maternity care, was born in Bayswater, London, on 19 January 1869, the eldest daughter of Edward Lucas Jenks Ridsdale (1833–1901), a scientist and the queen’s assay-master of the ...

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Balfour, Lady Evelyn Barbara [Eve] (1898–1990), promoter of organic farming and a founder of the Soil Association, was born on 16 July 1898 in Dublin, the fourth child of Gerald William Balfour, second earl of Balfour (1853–1945), and Lady Elizabeth Edith Balfour (1867–1942)...

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Bamber [née Balmuth], Helen Rae (1925–2014), human rights advocate and psychotherapist, was born at Westminster Hospital, London, on 1 May 1925, the only child of Louis Balmuth (1887–1961), accountant, and his wife Marie, née Bader (1895–1969), a singer. At the time of her birth registration her parents, both of Polish-Jewish descent, lived at ...

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Baring [née Stewart-Mackenzie], Louisa Caroline, Lady Ashburton (1827–1903), art collector and philanthropist, was born at Seaforth Lodge, Stornoway, Isle of Lewis, in the Outer Hebrides, on 5 March 1827, the third daughter and sixth child of James Alexander Stewart-Mackenzie (d. 1843)...

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Barnett [née Rowland], Dame Henrietta Octavia Weston (1851–1936), social reformer, was born in Clapham, Surrey, on 4 May 1851, the daughter of Alexander William Rowland (d. 1869), whose family fortune derived from Rowland's Macassar Oil Company, and Henrietta Monica Margaretta Ditges (...

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Barnham [née Bradbridge], Alice (1523–1604), silkwoman and benefactor, was born on 7 September 1523 at Chichester, Sussex, one of the youngest of the fourteen children of William Bradbridge (d. 1546), a successful and prosperous mercer, and his wife, Alice. Alice Barnham...

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Barrow, Florence Mary (1876–1964), relief worker and promoter of improved housing, was born on 27 January 1876 in Birmingham, the only daughter of Richard Cadbury Barrow (1827–1894), Quaker businessman and mayor of Birmingham (1888–9), and his wife, Jane (b. 1831), daughter of the Quakers ...

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Baxter, Mary Ann (1801–1884), benefactor, was born on 4 May 1801 at Dundee, the seventh child of eight surviving children of William Baxter (1767–1854), linen merchant and manufacturer, and his wife, Betty or Elisabeth Gorell (d. 1804), daughter of Edward Gorell of ...

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Bebb [married name Thomson], Gwyneth Marjory (1889–1921), campaigner for women's admission to the legal profession, was born at Brasenose House, High Street, Oxford, on 27 October 1889, the second daughter and third of the seven children of Llewellyn John Montfort Bebb DD (1862–1915)...

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Bell [née Olliffe], Florence Eveleen Eleanore, Lady Bell (1851–1930), author, social investigator, and playwright, was born on 9 September 1851 at 2 rue St Florentin, Paris, the youngest of the four children of Sir Joseph Olliffe (1808–1869), physician to the British embassy in ...

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Benson, Mary Eleanor [Nelly] (1863–1890), social worker and writer, was born on 16 October 1863 at Wellington College, Crowthorne, Berkshire, the elder daughter of the four sons and two daughters of Edward White Benson (1829–1896), later archbishop of Canterbury, and his wife, Mary, ...

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Beresford [née Stuart], Louisa Anne, marchioness of Waterford (1818–1891), watercolour painter and philanthropist, was born on 14 April 1818 at the Hôtel Charost, Faubourg St Honoré, Paris, the second daughter of Sir Charles Stuart, later Baron Stuart de Rothesay (1779–1845), diplomatist. Her paternal grandfather was ...

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Bilocca [née Marshall], Lillian [Lil] (1929–1988), trawler safety campaigner, was born in a 'two-up, two-down' at 7 Welton Terrace, Wassand Street, Hull, Yorkshire, in the city's Hessle Road fishing community, on 26 May 1929, the eldest of four daughters of ...