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Arnott, Neil (1788–1874), physician and public health reformer, the son of William Arnott, a manufacturer and farmer, and his wife, Ann Maclean, was born at Arbroath in Forfarshire, Scotland, on 15 May 1788. A Roman Catholic by upbringing, he was educated by his mother, at the parish school of ...

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Barrow, Florence Mary (1876–1964), relief worker and promoter of improved housing, was born on 27 January 1876 in Birmingham, the only daughter of Richard Cadbury Barrow (1827–1894), Quaker businessman and mayor of Birmingham (1888–9), and his wife, Jane (b. 1831), daughter of the Quakers ...

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Bilocca [née Marshall], Lillian [Lil] (1929–1988), trawler safety campaigner, was born in a 'two-up, two-down' at 7 Welton Terrace, Wassand Street, Hull, Yorkshire, in the city's Hessle Road fishing community, on 26 May 1929, the eldest of four daughters of ...

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Burdett, Sir Henry Charles (1847–1920), philanthropist and hospital reformer, was born on 18 March 1847 at Broughton, Northamptonshire, the son of Halford Robert Burdett (1813–1864), a clergyman in the parish of Gilmorton, Leicestershire, and his wife, Alsina, née Brailsford, from Lincolnshire. The Burdett...

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Collet, Collet Dobson (1812–1898), radical and tax reformer, was born on 31 December 1812 in London. He was the eldest son of John Dobson (1778–1827), a London merchant, and his wife (and first cousin), Elizabeth Barker (1787–1875). Collet assumed the name of his maternal grandparents, as did his sister, ...

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Dawes, Jesse Cooper (1878–1955), sanitary inspector, was born at Hall Street, Blakenhall, Wolverhampton, Staffordshire, on 21 October 1878, the son of James Cooper Dawes, tinplate worker, and his wife, Elizabeth, née Belcher. He received his early education and his subsequent training in public cleansing in ...

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Duncan, Henry (1774–1846), Church of Scotland minister and savings bank founder, was born at Lochrutton, Kirkcudbrightshire, on 8 October 1774, the third son of the minister George Duncan (1738–1807) and his first wife, Anne M'Murdo (d. 1824). He was educated at Dumfries Academy...

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Gilbert, Thomas (bap. 1720, d. 1798), land agent and poor law reformer, was baptized on 26 January 1720 in Cotton, Staffordshire, the eldest son of Thomas Gilbert, a small landowner engaged in farming and mining, and his wife, Elizabeth. He was admitted to the ...

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Glaister, John (1856–1932), expert in medical jurisprudence and public health, was born on 9 March 1856 in the county town of Lanark, the eldest of four children born to Joseph Glaister (1830–1871) and Marion Hamilton Weir (1832–1871), small property owners, grocers, and spirit merchants. ...

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Haskins, Minnie Louise (1875–1957), author and industrial welfare promoter, was born at 2 Kingswood Hill, Oldland, near Bristol, on 12 May 1875, the second child and eldest daughter of Joseph Haskins (1842–1891), a grocer who acquired a pottery works at Warmley where he manufactured clay drainpipes, and his wife, ...

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Hickman, Henry (1800–1830), promoter of anaesthesia, was born at Lady Halton in the parish of Bromfield, Shropshire, on 27 January 1800. He was the fifth son and seventh child in the family of eight sons and five daughters of John Hickman, farmer (also clerk of the course at ...

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Hill, Octavia (1838–1912), housing and social reformer, was born on 3 December 1838 at 8 South Brink, Wisbech, Cambridgeshire, the eighth daughter (and ninth child) of James Hill (c.1800–1871), corn merchant and Owenite social utopian. Her mother was James Hill's third wife, ...

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Horner, Leonard (1785–1864), factory inspector, geologist, and educationist, was born on 17 January 1785 at St George's Square, Edinburgh, the third and youngest son of John Horner (d. 1829), a wealthy whig linen merchant, and his wife, Joanna, née Baillie. In his youth his circle of acquaintances included ...

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Horsfall, Thomas Coglan (1841–1932), philanthropist, was born in Manchester on 23 May 1841, the only son among the four children of William Horsfall (1806–1871), a Manchester cotton mill owner and latterly vice-chairman of the Manchester and County Bank, and his wife, Maria, née...

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Howard, Sir Ebenezer (1850–1928), founder of the garden city movement, was born at 62 Fore Street in the City of London on 29 January 1850, the third child and only son of Ebenezer Howard, confectioner, who owned several shops in and near the ...

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Lankester, Edwin (1814–1874), public health reformer and natural historian, was born on 23 April 1814 at Melton, near Woodbridge, Suffolk. His father, William Lankester (1791–1818), was a builder who died of tuberculosis at the age of twenty-seven leaving his widow, Susan, née Taylor...

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Lewis, John (bap. 1713, d. 1792), brewer and public access campaigner, was probably born at Richmond, Surrey, and was baptized at St Mary Magdalene's Church, Richmond, on 3 September 1713, a younger son of William Lewis (d. 1736), brewer, and his wife, ...

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Little [née Bewicke], Alicia Ellen Neve [known as Mrs Archibald Little] (1845–1926), author and campaigner against foot-binding, was born in Madeira, the youngest of the three daughters and three sons of Calverley Bewicke (1816–1864), a landowner, of Hallaton Hall, Leicestershire, and his wife, ...

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Mann [née Stewart], Jean [Janet] (1889–1964), politician and housing reformer, was born Janet Stewart, at 22 Calder Street, Polmadie, east Renfrewshire, on 2 July 1889. She was the daughter of William Stewart, an iron moulder and active trade unionist, who was an enduring influence on her radical outlook, and his wife, ...

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McCall, Annie (1859–1949), physician and promoter of antenatal and maternity care, was born on 23 September 1859 at Dudley Bank Cottage, Whalley Range, Moss Side, Manchester, the third child of five born to William McCall (1810/11–1863), an insurance agent, and his wife, Mary (1831–1921)...