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Lucy Aikin (1781–1864) by unknown photographer private collection; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

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Barbara Brandon Schnorrenberg

Aikin, Lucy (1781–1864), historian, the fourth child and only daughter of John Aikin MD (1747–1822), and his wife, Martha Jennings (d. 1830), was born in Warrington on 6 November 1781. Her three brothers were Arthur Aikin, Charles Rochemont Aikin, and Edmund Aikin...

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Helen Mary Elizabeth Allingham (1848–1926) by unknown photographer courtesy of Burgh House and Hampstead Museum

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Allingham [née Paterson], Helen Mary Elizabeth (1848–1926), watercolour painter, was born on 26 September 1848 at Swadlincote, Derbyshire, the eldest of the seven children (three boys and four girls) of Alexander Henry Paterson (1825–1862), medical practitioner and surgeon, and his wife, Mary Chance Herford (1824–1894)...

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Arendrup [née Courtauld], Edith (1846–1934), artist and Roman Catholic religious sister, was born on 1 September 1846 at Bocking, Braintree, Essex, the younger child and only daughter of John Minton Courtauld (d. 1877), junior partner in Samuel Courtauld & Co., silk and crepe manufacturers, and his wife, ...

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Margaret Ashton (1856–1937) by Henry Lamb Manchester City Art Galleries / Estate of Henry Lamb

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Ashton, Margaret (1856–1937), local politician and philanthropist, was born on 19 January 1856 at Ashfield, Wilmslow Road, in Withington, Manchester, the third of the six daughters and three sons of Thomas Ashton (1818–1898), a wealthy cotton manufacturer, and his wife, Elizabeth (1831–1914), daughter of ...

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Austin [née Taylor], Sarah (1793–1867), translator and writer, was born in Colegate, Norwich, on 1 April 1793, the youngest of seven children of John Taylor (1750–1826), a wool and yarn manufacturer, and his wife, Susanna Taylor, née Cook (1755–1823) [see under...

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See Bache, Walter

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Alexander Gordon

revised by Rosemary Mitchell

Bache, Sarah (1771–1844), schoolmistress, was born at Bromsgrove, but was brought up in Worcester by close relatives named Laugher. With them, she attended the chapel of the Revd Thomas Belsham, a prominent Unitarian minister. She had many close connections within the Unitarian community: the ...

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Beveridge [née Akroyd], Annette Susannah (1842–1929), orientalist, was born in Mount Street, Stourbridge, Worcestershire, on 13 December 1842, the third child and daughter surviving to adulthood of William Akroyd (d. 1869), a currier, and his wife, Sarah, née Walford, a daughter of the local livery stable owner. After his wife's death in 1849, ...

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Caroline Ashurst Biggs (1840–1889) by Elizabeth S. Guinness, 1897 (after unknown photographer, c. 1875) The Mistress and Fellows, Girton College, Cambridge

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Biggs, Caroline Ashurst (1840–1889), novelist and campaigner for women's suffrage, was born in St Margaret's, Leicester, on 23 August 1840, the second daughter of Matilda Ashurst Biggs (1816/17–1866) and Joseph Biggs (1809–1895) [see under Biggs, John (1801-1871)], hosiery manufacturer, of Leicester...

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Biggs, Matilda Ashurst (1816/17–1866), campaigner for women's rights and supporter of Italian independence, was born in Muswell Hill, Middlesex, the second daughter of William Henry Ashurst (d. 1855) and his wife, Elizabeth Ann Brown (d. 1854), of Muswell Hill, Middlesex. Elizabeth Ann Ashurst (known as Eliza)...

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See Biggs, Matilda Ashurst

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Barbara Leigh Smith Bodichon (1827–1891) by André Adolphe Eugène Disderi © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bodichon, Barbara Leigh Smith (1827–1891), artist and women's activist, was born on 8 April 1827 in Whatlington, near Robertsbridge, Sussex, the eldest of the five children of the radical MP Benjamin Smith (1783–1860) [see under Smith, William (1756-1835)] and Anne Longden (1801–1834)...

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Bostock, Elizabeth Anne [Eliza] (1817–1898), promoter of women's education, was born in Liverpool, the only child of John Bostock (1772–1846), doctor of medicine, and his wife, Anne Yates (d. 1863). Her father, a Unitarian, assumed much of the responsibility for her early education. He taught her Italian, took her to lectures given by ...

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Bowring [née Castle], Deborah, Lady Bowring (1816–1902), local activist, was born on 30 July 1816, one of the fourteen children of Thomas Castle of Clifton and his wife, Mary. Her family were Unitarians, and she was brought up in the Bristol circle which included ...

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Bray [née Hennell], Caroline (1814–1905), children's writer, the eighth and youngest child of James Hennell (1782–1816), traveller and later partner in the mercantile house of Fazy & Co., Manchester, and his wife, Elizabeth (1778–1858), daughter of Joel Marshall of Loughborough, was born at ...