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Anderson, Louisa Garrett (1873–1943), surgeon and suffragette, was born at the house of her paternal uncle, 9 Lyndhurst Road, Hampstead, London, on 28 July 1873, the eldest of the three children and the only surviving daughter of James George Skelton Anderson (1838–1907), shipowner, and his wife, the pioneering physician ...

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Atkins [formerly Rosenberg], Vera May (1908–2000), intelligence officer, was born in Galatz, Romania, on 15 June 1908, the only daughter and second of the three children of Max Rosenberg (d. 1932), businessman, and his wife, Hilda, née Atkins (d. 1945)...

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Bader [née Bailey], Lilian Mary (1918–2015), Women’s Auxiliary Air Force technician and teacher, was born Lilian Bailey (the middle name Mary was added later) on 18 February 1918 at 19 Upper Stanhope Street, Toxteth Park, Liverpool, the daughter of Marcus Bailey...

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Baly, Monica Eileen (1914–1998), nurse and historian of nursing, was born on 24 May 1914 at 23 Shirley Park Road, Shirley, near Croydon, Surrey, the first of the two children, and the only daughter, of Albert Frank Baly (d. 1953), a clerk with ...

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Barry, James (c. 1799–1865), army medical officer and transvestite, was probably born Margaret, the youngest daughter of Mrs Mary Ann Bulkley or Bulkeley, the sister of the artist James Barry; her paternity is in doubt. From the age of ten she dressed and presented herself as a man, but the woman who laid out her corpse declared that she was female: '...

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Browne, Dame Sidney Jane (1850–1941), nurse, was born on 5 January 1850 in Bexley, Kent, one of the four children of Benjamin Stocks Browne and his wife, Jane Sidney, formerly Deane. Sidney grew up in a medical family: her father was a surgeon and her two brothers were doctors. She was educated at home, and when she was twenty-eight started nursing at the ...

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Burney [née Baseden], Yvonne Jeanne Therese de Vibraye (1922–2017), Special Operations Executive agent, was born in Paris on 20 January 1922, the daughter and elder child of Clifford Baseden (1894–1977), an electrical engineer and former officer in the Royal Air Force...

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Coulshed, Dame (Mary) Frances (1904–1998), army officer, was born at 49 Lynmouth Road, Ecclesall, Sheffield, on 10 November 1904, the daughter of Wilfred Coulshed, a chemist who died when she was six years old, and his wife, Maude Mullin, a teacher. She was educated at ...

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D’Artois [née Butt], Sonia Esmée Florence [Toni] (1924–2014), Special Operations Executive agent, was born Sonia Juliet Esme Butt at Charnwood, Eastchurch, on the Isle of Sheppey, Kent, on 14 May 1924, the third child and younger daughter of Leslie Acton Kingsford Butt...

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Drummond, Dame (Edith) Margaret (1917–1987), director of the Women's Royal Naval Service, was born on 4 September 1917 at 101 Dundonald Road, Kilmarnock, Ayrshire, one of at least two daughters of Robert James Drummond, professor at the dairy school of the West of Scotland Agricultural College...

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Ellis, Mary Baxter (1892–1968), commanding officer of the FANY, was born on 12 November 1892 at North Ashfield, Newcastle upon Tyne, the elder daughter in the family of four children of Joseph Baxter Ellis, grocer and miller, and his second wife, Mary Sharp Taylor...

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Elwell [née Glass], Ann Catherine (1922–1996), intelligence officer and diplomat, was born on 16 June 1922 at 12 Leinster Gardens, Bayswater, London, the only child of Robert Lionel Glass, a general practitioner and former surgeon-lieutenant in the Royal Navy, of 106 Inverness Terrace, Bayswater...

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Field [née Hodgson], Anne (1926–2011), army officer, was born on 4 April 1926 at 34 Stanger Street, Keswick, Cumberland, the daughter of Harold Derwent Hodgson (1884–1964), a former captain in the Royal Engineers who eventually ran the family building company, Isaac and Robin Hodgson Ltd...

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Forbes, Dame (Katherine) Jane Trefusis [married name Dame (Katherine) Jane Watson-Watt] (1899–1971), businesswoman and director of the Women's Auxiliary Air Force, was born on 21 March 1899 in the Chilean desert, the youngest of three children, and the second daughter, of Edmund Batten Forbes (1847–1924)...

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Furse [née Symonds], Dame Katharine (1875–1952), nurse and nursing administrator, was born at Clifton, Bristol, on 23 November 1875, the fourth daughter of the author John Addington Symonds (1840–1893) and his wife, Janet Catherine, sister of the painter and traveller Marianne North (1830–1890)...

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Hallowes [née Brailly], Odette Marie Céline (1912–1995), special operations officer and member of the FANY, was born on 28 April 1912 in Amiens, northern France, the only daughter in the family of three children of Gaston Brailly (c.1880–1918), banker, and his wife, ...

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Hampden, Isabel (fl. 1577–88), recusant and member of the Catholic underground, was the daughter of Richard Curzon of Waterperry, Oxford, and his wife, Anne, daughter of William Gifford of Cowley, Buckinghamshire. She was married to Edmund Hampden d. 1577 of Baylis House in ...

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Kenny, Elizabeth (1880–1952), nurse and specialist in the treatment of polio, was born on 20 September 1880 at Kelly's Gully, near Warialda, New South Wales, Australia, the daughter of Michael Kenny, an Irish immigrant farm labourer, and his wife, Mary, formerly Moore. Kenny...

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Khan, Noor-un-Nisa Inayat (1914–1944), special operations officer, was born on 2 January 1914 in Moscow, the eldest of four children of Hazrat Inayat Khan (1882–1927), a Sufi religious teacher and musician, and his wife, Ora Ray Baker (1890–1949). Her father was descended from the last Mughal ...

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Lawrence, Dorothy (1887/8–1964), journalist, soldier, and sexual impostor, was of uncertain origins, but by 1911 was a freelance journalist living in Kensington, London.

In 1914, at the start of the First World War, Lawrence was living in Paris. She contacted several British newspapers, offering to work as a war correspondent from the front line in ...