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Anderson, John (1726–1796), natural philosopher, was born on 26 September 1726 in the parish of Rosneath, Dunbartonshire, the eldest child of the three sons and one daughter of James Anderson (d. 1734?), the minister of the parish, and his wife, Margaret Turner (...

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Bain, Alexander (1810–1877), clockmaker and inventor, was born in October 1810 at Houstry, in the parish of Watten, Caithness, the fifth of eleven children of John Bain, a crofter, and his wife, Isobel Waiter. After a basic education at the local village school, ...

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Baird, John Logie (1888–1946), television engineer, was born on 13 August 1888 at The Lodge, West Argyle Street, Helensburgh, Dunbartonshire, Scotland, the youngest of the four children of the Revd John Baird, minister of the West Parish Church, Helensburgh, and his wife, Jessie Morrison Inglis...

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Balfour, John Hutton (1808–1884), botanist, was born in Edinburgh on 15 September 1808, the eldest son of Andrew Balfour, an army surgeon who later settled in that city as a printer and publisher, and Magdalene, daughter of the Revd George Goldie, an Edinburgh...

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Barr, Archibald (1855–1931), engineer and manufacturer of range-finders, was born at Glenfield, near Paisley, Renfrewshire, on 18 November 1855, the third son of Archibald Barr, yarn merchant, and his wife, Jeanie Stirrat, of Paisley. From Paisley grammar school he entered the local works of ...

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Bell, Patrick (1799–1869), Church of Scotland minister and inventor of agricultural machinery, was born in April 1799 at mid-Leoch, in the parish of Auchterhouse, a few miles north-west of Dundee. He was one of at least two sons of George Bell, a tenant farmer at ...

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Brewster, Sir David (1781–1868), natural philosopher and academic administrator, was born on 11 December 1781 in a house in the Canongate, Jedburgh, second son and third of the six children of James Brewster (c.1735–1815), rector of Jedburgh grammar school, and his wife, ...

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Campbell [formerly Douglas], Archibald Campbell, first Baron Blythswood (1835–1908), politician and physicist, was born in Florence on 22 February 1835, the eldest of the nine children of Archibald Douglas (1809–1868), laird of Mains, and his wife, Caroline Agnes, the daughter of Mungo Dick...

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Campbell, George Douglas, eighth duke of Argyll in the peerage of Scotland, and first duke of Argyll in the peerage of the United Kingdom (1823–1900), politician and scientist, was the second son of John Douglas Edward Henry Campbell (1777–1847) and his second wife, ...

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Curran, Sir Samuel Crowe [Sam] (1912–1998), physicist and university administrator, was born in Ballymena, co. Antrim, on 23 May 1912, the second of four sons of John Curran (1885–1959), a steelworks foreman, and his wife, Sarah Owens, née Crowe (1886–1968). His mother had gone to her ancestral home a few weeks before his birth so that he could be born in ...

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Dalyell, Sir John Graham, sixth baronet (1775–1851), antiquary and naturalist, the second son of Sir Robert Dalyell, fourth baronet (1724–1791), an army officer, and his wife, Elizabeth (d. 1825), the only daughter of Nicol Graham of Gartmore, Perthshire, was born at The Binns, Linlithgowshire...

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Duncan, John (1794–1881), hand-loom weaver and botanist, was born on 19 December 1794 at Stonehaven, Kincardineshire, the illegitimate son of John Duncan, weaver and soldier, from Drumlithie, and Ann Caird (c.1773–c.1830), also of Drumlithie, who decided to support herself and her child by weaving stockings and harvesting at nearby ...

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Edward, Thomas (1814–1886), naturalist and shoemaker, was born on 25 December 1814 at Gosport, Hampshire, one of several children of John Edward, Fife militiaman and weaver, and Margaret Mitchell of Aberdeen. His early years were spent at Kettle, Fife, and at Aberdeen. From childhood he was passionately fond of animals, bringing home so many ‘beasties’ that he was frequently flogged and confined to the house. Utterly unmanageable, by the age of six he had been expelled from three schools because of his zoological pursuits and truancy. Abandoning school, he found employment at ...

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Edwards, Vero Copner Wynne- (1906–1997), zoologist, was born on 4 July 1906 in Leeds, the fifth of the six children of the Revd Canon John Rosindale Wynne-Edwards, headmaster of Leeds grammar school, and his wife, Lilian Agnes, née Streatfeild. His love of natural history was fostered early on by his childhood at ...

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Faulds, Henry (1843–1930), general practitioner and developer of fingerprinting, was born on 1 June 1843 at Beith, Ayrshire, the son of William Pollock Faulds, an impoverished grocer, and his wife, Anne Cameron. Both sides of his family were of Scottish descent. After school at ...

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Ferguson, James (1710–1776), lecturer on natural philosophy and inventor of scientific instruments, was born on 25 April 1710 at Core of Mayen, Rothiemay, Banffshire, the second of at least six children of John Ferguson, a farmworker renting a smallholding, and his wife, Elspeth Lobban...

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Ferguson, John (1838–1916), chemist and bibliographer, was born on 24 January 1838 at Alloa in Clackmannanshire, Scotland, the second of three children of William Ferguson and his wife, Margaret Kidd. His father moved from Alloa at an early date, settling in Glasgow as a merchant. ...

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Fleck, Alexander, Baron Fleck (1889–1968), chemist and industrialist, was born in Glasgow on 11 November 1889, the only son of Robert Fleck, coal merchant, and his wife, Agnes Hendry, daughter of James Duncan, coal clerk. He was educated at Saltcoats public school and ...

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Gordon, Lewis Dunbar Brodie (1815–1876), civil engineer and university teacher, was born on 6 March 1815 in Edinburgh, the fourth son of Joseph Gordon (c.1786–1855) of Carroll in Sutherland, writer to the signet, and his wife, Anne (b. 1786/7), daughter of ...

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Graham, Thomas (1805–1869), chemist, was born on 21 December 1805 at 55 St Andrew's Square, Glasgow, the second of the seven children of James Graham (1776–1842), a prosperous Glasgow merchant and manufacturer of light woven fabrics for the West Indies, and his wife, ...