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Andrewe, Thomas (fl. 1600–1604), soldier and poet, is known only by his poem in rhyming couplets The Unmasking of a Feminine Machiavell, published in 1604. Its autobiographical nature is revealed in its preface 'To the Reader' and in a commendatory poem by Samuel Rowlands...

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Arnold, William Delafield (1828–1859), army officer and novelist, was born at Laleham, Middlesex, on 7 April 1828, the fourth son of Thomas Arnold (1795–1842), headmaster of Rugby School, and his wife, Mary (1791–1873), daughter of the Revd John Penrose. He was educated at ...

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Atkyns, Richard (1615–1677), army officer and writer on printing, was the only child of Richard Atkyns (1584–1636/7) of Tuffley, Gloucestershire, and his wife, Mary, second daughter of Sir Edwin Sandys, of Latimer, Buckinghamshire, and his wife, Lady Elizabeth Sandys, of The Vyne, Hampshire...

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Baggerley, Humphrey (fl. 1648–1654), army officer and supposed biographer, was among the troops who on 9 October 1648 surrendered at Appleby, Westmorland, to superior parliamentarian forces under Colonel Assheton. The royalist soldiers were granted very generous terms and, having been allowed his freedom, ...

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Edmund Charles Blunden (1896–1974) by Ralph Hodgson, 1921 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Blunden, Edmund Charles (1896–1974), poet and university teacher, was born on 1 November 1896 at 54A Tottenham Court Road, London, the eldest of the nine children (five sons and four daughters) of Charles Edmund Blunden (1871–1951) and his wife, Georgina Margaret (1868–1967), daughter of ...

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John Burgoyne (1723–1792) by Sir Joshua Reynolds, 1766 © The Frick Collection, New York

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Burgoyne, John (1723–1792), army officer, politician, and playwright, was born on 4 February 1723 at Park Prospect, Westminster, legally the son of Captain John Burgoyne (d. 1768) and his wife, Anna Maria, daughter of Charles Burneston of Hackney, but possibly fathered by ...

Article

John Ormsby

revised by R. L. Winstanley

Carleton, George (1651/2?–1728x30), army officer and memoirist, was probably born at Ewelme in Oxfordshire, the son of George Carleton. He claimed to be closely related to Sir Dudley Carleton, secretary of state to Charles I. However, until the late 1920s nothing was known about him other than what appears in the memoirs of military life ascribed to his name which was first published in 1728. As this work appeared in the lifetime of ...

Article

Carlile, James (d. 1691), actor, playwright, and soldier, was said by Charles Gildon to have been born in Lancashire. He may have been related to the playwright Lodowick Carlell (1601/2–1675). When London's two theatre companies combined in 1682, James Carlile and William Mountfort...

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William Cavendish, first duke of Newcastle upon Tyne (bap. 1593, d. 1676) by Abraham van Diepenbeck [with Bolsover Castle in the background] © Copyright The British Museum

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Cavendish, William, first duke of Newcastle upon Tyne (bap. 1593, d. 1676), writer, patron, and royalist army officer, was born at Handsworth Manor, Yorkshire, and was baptized in the parish on 16 December 1593. He was the second of three children, the first having died in infancy, of ...

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Cholmley, Sir Hugh, first baronet (1600–1657), royalist army officer and autobiographer, was born on 22 July 1600 at Roxby Castle, Thornton on the Hill (now Thornton Dale) in the North Riding of Yorkshire, the eldest son of Sir Richard Cholmley (1580–1631) and Susannah (1578–1611)...

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Churchyard, Thomas (1523?–1604), writer and soldier, was born at Shrewsbury, probably in 1523. He claims to have been a gentleman, but there is no evidence of this. The facts of Churchyard's life are uncertain, partly because of the lack of official records, but more because of the erratic quality of the evidence he offers himself. As well as making many references to events in his life in passing, he wrote three wholly or partly autobiographical poems: ...

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Conway, Sir John (d. 1603), writer and soldier, was the son and heir of Sir John Conway of Arrow, Warwickshire, landowner, and Katherine, daughter of Sir Ralph Verney and his wife, Elizabeth. Little is known of his youth or education but he was well read. He was knighted in 1559, on the accession of ...

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Crealock, Henry Hope (1831–1891), army officer, artist, and author, born on 31 March 1831, was the son of William Betton Crealock of Langeston, Littleham, near Bideford. Crealock entered Rugby School in February 1844. He was commissioned in the 90th light infantry on 13 October 1848, and promoted lieutenant on 24 December 1852 and captain on 29 December 1854. On 5 December 1854 he landed at ...

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Francis Cunningham (1820–1875) by Sir Francis Legatt Chantrey Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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Cunningham, Francis (1820–1875), army officer and literary editor, was the youngest son of Allan Cunningham (1784–1842), Scottish poet and songwriter, and his wife, Jean Walker (1791–1864). He inherited from his father a love of literature also seen in the life of his brother ...

Article

See Davison, Francis

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Richard Fitzpatrick (1748–1813) by Henry R. Cook (after William Lane, in or before 1813) © National Portrait Gallery, London