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Abercrombie, Sir (Leslie) Patrick (1879–1957), town planner, was born on 6 June 1879 at Green Bank, Sale, Altrincham, one of a family of nine. His father, William Abercrombie (1838–1908), born in Bradford, was a Manchester stockbroker and businessman, with literary and artistic interests; his mother, ...

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Acland, Sarah Angelina [Angie] (1849–1930), photographer, was born at Broad Street, Oxford, on 26 June 1849, the second of eight children and only daughter of the physician Henry Wentworth Acland (1815–1900), who was then Lee's reader in anatomy at Christ Church, Oxford, and his wife, ...

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S. E. Fryer

revised by Anne MacPhee

Acton, John Adams- (1830–1910), sculptor, was born on 11 December 1830 at Acton Hill, Middlesex, one of the two surviving sons and three daughters of William Adams (1778/9–1836), an artist, and his wife, Helen Elizabeth Humphrey (1794–1878). His sister ...

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Aitchison, George (1825–1910), architect, was born in London on 7 November 1825, the son of George Aitchison (1792–1861) and his wife, Maria Freeman. After education at Merchant Taylors' School, London (1835–41), he was articled in 1841 to his father, then architect to the ...

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Alison, Archibald (1757–1839), Scottish Episcopal clergyman and writer on aesthetics, was born in Edinburgh, the son of Archibald Alison (1730–1794), lord provost of the city, originally of Newhall, Coupar Angus, and Margaret Harte (d. 1811), of Listerick, near Edinburgh. Alison was educated at ...

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Allom, Thomas (1804–1872), architect and artist, was born on 13 March 1804 at Lambeth, the second of the two children of Thomas Allom (1770–1840), a coachman, and his wife, Martha Rampley (1771–1861), who were both originally from Suffolk. He was articled to the architect ...

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Amies, Sir (Edwin) Hardy (1909–2003), dressmaker and fashion designer, was born on 17 July 1909 at 70 Delaware Mansions, Elgin Avenue, Maida Vale, London, the elder son and eldest of the three children of Herbert William Amies, a surveyor for London county council...

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Andrews, Robert (1725–1806), landowner and subject of a painting by Thomas Gainsborough, was born at Bulmer, Essex, on 10 November 1725, the son of Robert Andrews (1661–1735) and his fourth wife, Martha (d. 1749), the daughter of James Brewster (d. 1725)...

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Anson, Peter Frederick (1889–1975), monk, writer, and artist, was born Frederick Charles Anson on 22 August 1889 at 32 South Parade, Southsea, the son of Charles Eustace Anson (1858–1940), subsequently rear-admiral, and his wife, (Maria) Evelyn, née Ross (1863–1904). His father came from a family with strong connections to the ...

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Backwell, Edward (c. 1619–1683), goldsmith and banker, the son of Barnaby Backwell of Leighton Buzzard, Bedfordshire, a yeoman, was apprenticed in 1635 to Thomas Vyner, a leading goldsmith. He became free of the Goldsmiths' Company in 1651, of which he was to be prime warden in 1660....

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Bacon, Sir Nathaniel (1585–1627), painter, was born at Redgrave in Suffolk in August 1585, the grandson of Lord Keeper Bacon and the youngest son of Sir Nicholas Bacon (c. 1543–1624) [see under Bacon, Sir Nathaniel (1546?-1622)], subsequently the premier baronet of ...

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Baines, (John) Thomas (1820–1875), artist and explorer, was born on 27 November 1820 at King's Lynn, Norfolk, the second son and one of three surviving children of Mary Ann Watson and John Thomas Baines, a master mariner. His father and maternal grandfather were amateur artists, his brother ...

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Baker, Sir Herbert (1862–1946), architect and author, was born on 9 June 1862 at Owletts, Cobham, Kent, the fourth of the eleven children of Thomas Henry Baker (1824–1904), gentleman farmer and JP, and his wife, Frances Georgina (d. 1916), daughter of William Davis...

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Balch, Herbert Ernest (1869–1958), cave explorer and museum curator, was born in St Thomas Street, Wells, Somerset, on 4 November 1869, the second of six children of William Balch, brushmaker, and his wife, Sarah Ellen, née Smith. Aged seven, he won a scholarship to ...

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Baring [née Stewart-Mackenzie], Louisa Caroline, Lady Ashburton (1827–1903), art collector and philanthropist, was born at Seaforth Lodge, Stornoway, Isle of Lewis, in the Outer Hebrides, on 5 March 1827, the third daughter and sixth child of James Alexander Stewart-Mackenzie (d. 1843)...

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Barry, Sir Charles (1795–1860), architect, was born on 23 May 1795 at 2 Bridge Street, Westminster, the ninth child and fourth surviving son of the eleven children of Walter Edward Barry (d. 1805), a well-to-do stationer and bookbinder to the government Stationery Office...

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Bateman, Henry Mayo (1887–1970), cartoonist, was born on 15 February 1887, of English parents, at Moss Vale, Sutton Forest, New South Wales, Australia, the only son and the elder of two children of Henry Charles Bateman (1857–1940), then a farmer and later an export packager, and his wife, ...

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Beale [née Cradock], Mary (bap. 1633, d. 1699), portrait painter, was born at Barrow rectory, Suffolk, and baptized on 26 March 1633, the elder of two children of the Revd John Cradock (c.1595–1652), the puritan rector of Barrow, and his wife, ...

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Beardsley, Aubrey Vincent (1872–1898), illustrator, was born on 21 August 1872 at 12 Buckingham Road, Brighton, Sussex, the son of Vincent Paul Beardsley (c.1840–1909), and his wife, Ellen Agnus (1846–1932), the daughter of Surgeon-Major William Pitt and his wife, Susan.

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Beaton, Sir Cecil Walter Hardy (1904–1980), photographer and designer for screen and theatre, was born at 21 Langland Gardens, Hampstead, London, on 14 January 1904, the eldest of the two sons and two daughters of Ernest Walter Hardy Beaton (1867–1936), timber merchant, and his wife, ...