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Andrewes, Sir Thomas (d. 1659), financier and regicide, was the son of Robert Andrewes of Feltham, Middlesex, a Plymouth adventurer and subscriber to the Massachusetts Bay Company, and his wife, Margaret. He was a member of the Leathersellers' Company (and its master in 1638–9), and from 1631 ran a wholesale linen drapery business at the ...

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Beit, Sir Otto John, first baronet (1865–1930), financier, philanthropist, and art connoisseur, was born on 7 December 1865 in Hamburg, Germany, twelve years after his brother Alfred Beit. He was the third son of Siegfried Beit (1818–1881), silk merchant, and his wife, Laura Caroline Hahn (...

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Cassel, Sir Ernest Joseph (1852–1921), merchant banker and financier, was born on 3 March 1852 in Cologne, Germany, the youngest of the three children of Jacob Cassel (1802–1875) and Amalia, née Rosenheim (d. 1874). Jacob Cassel had a small banking business, founded by his father, ...

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Cranfield, Lionel, first earl of Middlesex (1575–1645), merchant, financier, and government minister, was born in London, the second son of Thomas Cranfield (d. 1595), a London mercer and Eastland Company merchant, and his wife, Martha (d. 1609), daughter of Thomas's master, ...

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Cutler, Sir John (1607/8–1693), merchant and financier, was the son of Thomas Cutler, a member of the Grocers' Company. Early in his career he abandoned commerce for finance and specialized in lending money to impoverished landowners on the security of their estates. In this way he made a fortune and amassed considerable landed property during the interregnum, while discreetly avoiding any serious involvement in politics. In 1657 he acquired the ...

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Docker, (Frank) Dudley (1862–1944), industrialist and financier, was born at Paxton House, South Street, Smethwick, on 26 August 1862, youngest son of Ralph Docker (1809–1887), a solicitor who was for many years coroner for East Worcestershire and clerk of Smethwick's board of health...

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Duncombe, Sir Charles (bap. 1648, d. 1711), financier, was baptized on 16 November 1648 at St John the Evangelist's, Whitchurch, Buckinghamshire, the second son of Alexander (Sanders) Duncombe (b. 1619, d. in or before 1665), a Buckinghamshire yeoman, and his wife, Mary (1619–1716)...

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Ellerman, Sir John Reeves, first baronet (1862–1933), shipowner and financier, was born at 100 Anlaby Road, Kingston upon Hull, on 15 May 1862, the only son (there were also two daughters) of Johann Herman Ellerman (d. 1871), a Lutheran corn merchant and shipbroker, and his wife, ...

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Fleming, Robert (1845–1933), financier, was born on 17 March 1845 at Liff Road, Lochee, then a village about 3 miles to the north-west of Dundee. He was the fourth of seven children of John Fleming (1806–1873), an overseer in linen and jute mills in ...

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Goschen, George Joachim, first Viscount Goschen (1831–1907), politician and financier, was born on 10 August 1831 at his father's house in the parish of Stoke Newington, near London, the eldest son and second child in the family of five sons and five daughters of ...

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Hicks, Baptist, first Viscount Campden (1551?–1629), mercer and moneylender, was the third son of Robert Hicks (d. 1557), a rich London citizen. He was probably educated at St Paul's School, and then at Trinity College, Cambridge. He was brought up in, and inherited, his father's flourishing mercer's business at the ...

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Morris, Robert (1735–1806), financier and revolutionary politician in America, was born on 20 January 1735 in Liverpool to Robert Morris (1711–1750) and Elizabeth Murphet. Nothing further is known of his mother, and Morris was probably raised by his grandmother. Before 1740 his father left nail-making in ...

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Oppenheimer, Sir Ernest (1880–1957), diamond merchant and financier, was born in Friedberg, Germany, on 22 May 1880, the fifth son and eighth child of Eduard Oppenheimer (1841–1924), cigar merchant, and his wife, Nanny Hirschhorn (1841–1912). From the age of ten he was educated in French and classics at the ...

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Rich, Sir Nathaniel (c. 1585–1636), colonial investor and politician, was probably born at Leighs in Essex, a son of Richard Rich (d. 1598), landowner, and Jane Machell or Mitchell, daughter of John Machell or Mitchell, clothier and sometime sheriff of London. His father was one of the illegitimate children of the ...

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Thompson, William (1793–1854), ironmaster and financier, was born at Grayrigg Head, near Kendal, Westmorland, the second son of James Thompson. He was educated at Charterhouse before joining the business of his uncle William Thompson, who had been a partner with Richard Crawshay (1744–1799)...

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Vincent, Edgar, Viscount D'Abernon (1857–1941), financier and diplomatist, was born on 19 August 1857, at Slinfold, Sussex, youngest child of Frederick Vincent (1798–1883), rector of Slinfold, 1844–68, who succeeded as eleventh baronet in 1880, and his second wife, Maria Copley (d. 1899)...