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Banks [née Davies], Olive Lucy (1923–2006), sociologist, historian, and feminist, was born at 10 Riley Road, Enfield Highway, Middlesex, on 2 July 1923, the only child of Herbert Alfred Davies, a house decorator, and later builder and contractor, and his wife, Jessie Louise, ...

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Crawshay [née Yeates], Rose Mary (1828–1907), educationist and feminist, was born at Caversham Grove, Oxfordshire. Her mother died when she was young and her father, Wilson Yeates, remarried two years later. She was educated at home by a governess. At the age of eighteen she met her husband, the 29-year-old ...

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Dawson, Agnes (1873–1953), feminist and headteacher, was born on 7 March 1873 at 121 East Surrey Grove, Peckham, London, the daughter of Isaac Dawson, a journeyman carpenter and later master builder, and his wife, Sarah, formerly Burford. On leaving elementary school in Peckham...

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Eckenstein, Lina Dorina Johanna (1857–1931), feminist polymath and cultural historian, was born on 23 September 1857 at 17 St George's Villas, Islington, London, the daughter of Frederick Gottlieb Eckenstein (1820/21–1891), a German businessman, and his wife, Julie Amalie Antonia Helmke (1830/31–1921). One of six children, her younger brother was the mountaineer ...

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Goldsmid, Louisa Sophia, Lady Goldsmid (1819–1908), feminist and promoter of women's education, was born at Brighton, Sussex, on 2 September 1819, the only daughter of Moses Asher Goldsmid (1789–1864) and his first wife, Eliza (1800–1837), daughter of Levy Salomons. On her father's side, therefore, she was the granddaughter of the bullion broker ...

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Gough [married names Miller, Aberle], (Eleanor) Kathleen (1925–1990), social anthropologist and feminist, was born on 16 August 1925 at Hunsingore, near Wetherby, Yorkshire, daughter and youngest child of Albert Gough (1888–1970) and his second wife, Eleanor, née Umpleby (1892–1965), a devout Methodist who sang and recited in local chapels. Her father became village blacksmith in 1914 and played a major role in introducing combines to ...

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Higgins, Ellen Charlotte (1871–1951), college head and feminist, was born at 12 Trinity Square, Brixton, London, on 14 August 1871 (she was always reticent about the date of her birth). Her parents, Henry Bell Higgins, a publisher, and his wife, Margaret Hay, who were both of Scottish descent, sent her to ...

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Hill [née Sutton], Bridget Irene (1922–2002), historian and feminist, was born on 15 April 1922 at Devon Nook, Barrowgate Road, Brentford, Middlesex, the youngest daughter of Harry Herbert Sutton, Baptist minister, and his wife, Nellie Isabel, née Horlick, both of 22 Blandford Road, Acton...

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Kilgour, Mary Stewart (1851–1955), educationist and feminist, was born on 24 September 1851 in Longford, Tasmania, the daughter of John Stewart Kilgour, a Scottish doctor, and his wife, Susan Ann (née Archer). The family returned to Britain in 1854 and eventually settled in ...

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Österberg, Martina Sofia Helena Bergman (1849–1915), feminist and promoter of women's physical education, was born on 7 October 1849 in Hammarlunda, a village near Malmö in the south of Sweden, one of the six children of Karl Bergman, a prosperous farmer, and his wife, ...

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Phipps, Emily Frost (1865–1943), feminist and headmistress, was born on 7 November 1865 at 9 South Hill Buildings, Stoke Damerel, Devonport, Devon, the daughter of Henry John Phipps, coppersmith at Devonport Dockyard, and his wife, Mary Ann, formerly Frost. She had a brother and a sister. On leaving elementary school she became a pupil teacher in an elementary infants' school and studied in the evenings to gain entrance to ...

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Sheavyn, Phoebe Ann Beale (1865–1968), literary scholar and feminist, was born on 16 September 1865 in Long Street, Atherstone, Warwickshire. Her birth was registered nearly six weeks later by her mother, Jane Elizabeth Sheavyn, née Farmer. Her father, William Sale Sheavyn, was a draper in ...

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Sheepshanks, Mary Ryott (1872–1960), educationist, feminist, and internationalist, was born on 25 October 1872 at Bilton vicarage, near Harrogate, Yorkshire, the second of the thirteen surviving children of John Sheepshanks (1834–1912), later bishop of Norwich, and his wife, Margaret Ryott (1852–1943), a descendant of ...

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Maker: Sir Stanley Spencer

Lucy Mary Silcox (1862–1947) by Sir Stanley Spencer, 1925 © The Estate of Stanley Spencer 2010. All rights reserved DACS; private collection

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Silcox, Lucy Mary (1862–1947), headmistress and feminist, was born on 11 July 1862 at Warminster, Wiltshire, the eldest of four daughters of the Revd John Wesley Silcox, Methodist minister, and his wife, Betsy, née Parkinson. She was educated at Chelsea High School for Girls...

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Mary Danvers Stocks, Baroness Stocks (1891–1975) by Philip Connard, exh. RA 1952 Queen Mary & Westfield College, University of London; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

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Stocks [née Brinton], Mary Danvers, Baroness Stocks (1891–1975), women's activist and college head, was born on 25 July 1891 at 8 Queen's Gate Terrace, Kensington, London, the eldest of the three children of Roland Danvers Brinton MD MRCP (1858–1946) and his wife, ...