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Barker, William (fl. 1540–1576), translator and member of parliament, was humbly born but through the patronage of Anne Boleyn was educated at St John's College, Cambridge, graduating MA in 1540. A Roman Catholic, Barker left for Italy, probably in 1549, and travelled widely throughout the peninsula collecting Latin epitaphs (his ...

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Bedingfield, Thomas (early 1540s?–1613), translator, was born probably in the early 1540s at Oxburgh Hall, Oxburgh, Norfolk, the second of the five sons of Sir Henry Bedingfeld (1509x11–1583), administrator, and his wife, Katherine (d. 1581), daughter of Sir Roger Townshend of ...

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Bellenden [Bannatyne], John (c. 1495–1545x8), poet and translator, may have been born in Lothian. He was probably a younger son of Patrick Bellenden (fl. 1486–1520), steward to Margaret Tudor, and Marion Douglas (fl. 1490–1542), nurse to James V. He belonged to a family prominent in royal service throughout the sixteenth century and his parentage also linked him firmly to the ...

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Blandy [Blandie], William (fl. 1563–1581), translator, was born in Newbury, Berkshire, the son of William Blandy. He was elected to a probationer fellowship at New College, Oxford, in 1563. Following his admission to a full fellowship on 8 June 1565, he graduated BA a year later, on 3 July 1566. A devoted Catholic, he was stripped of his degree and fellowship in the same year by the evangelical college visitor, ...

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Bromley, John (bap. 1653, d. 1718), translator, was baptized on 5 June 1653 at St Julian's, Shrewsbury, the son of John Bromley, a burgess of the town, and his wife, Isabell. His father had been appointed to a parochial committee in 1647, when the town was in parliamentarian hands. On 9 December 1663 ...

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Bull, George Anthony (1929–2001), journalist and translator, was born into a working-class Roman Catholic family at 5 Alfred Street, Bow, London, on 23 August 1929, the son of George Thomas Bull, a tramway inspector for the London Passenger Transport Board, and his wife, ...

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Butler, Thomas (b. 1532/3, d. in or before 1591), Roman Catholic priest and translator, was possibly the son of William Butler (d. 1557), who was lessee of the manor at Radley, Berkshire. In 1546, at the age of thirteen, he was sent to ...

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Everard, Thomas (1560–1633), Jesuit and translator, was born on 8 February 1560, and baptized on 10 February at Linstead Parva, Suffolk, the son of Henry Everard (d. 1596), of Pond Hall, Linstead Magna, and Catherine Gawdy. His father was imprisoned in 1578–9 in the common gaol at ...

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Fenn, John (1535–1615), Roman Catholic priest and translator, was born at Montacute in Somerset. He was brother to James Fenn and Robert Fenn, who both also became priests. After a time as a chorister at Wells Cathedral he was sent to Winchester College...

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Fills, Robert (c. 1521–1578), translator and Church of England clergyman, is of obscure parentage. However, it is likely that he belonged to the Fell family who in the sixteenth century were distributed in the Furness district of Lancashire. Fills may plausibly be identified with the ...

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Forman, Charles (d. 1739), political pamphleteer and translator, was an Irishman by birth, educated as a Roman Catholic, and a Jacobite. Before 1709 he married a woman named Mary in Ireland, where at least one of their sons was born. By December 1710 he was in ...

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Hawkins, John (c. 1587–c. 1641), grammarian and translator, belonged to the old Catholic family of Hawkins from Nash Court, Boughton under Blean, Kent. He was the son of Sir Thomas Hawkins (1548/9–1617), landowner, and his wife, Ann, née Pettyt (1551/2–1616). Two of his elder brothers, ...

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Hawkins, Sir Thomas (bap. 1575, d. 1640?), poet and translator, was baptized on 20 July 1575 at Boughton under Blean, Kent, the eldest son of Sir Thomas Hawkins (1548/9–1617) of Nash Court, Boughton, and his wife, Ann (1552–1616), daughter and heir of Cyriac Pettyt, esq....

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Healey, John (b. in or after 1585?, d. in or before 1616), translator, can almost certainly be identified with John Healey, traveller and gentleman's steward, who was the son of Richard Healey, servant to the third Baron Sheffield; his mother is recorded as having been alive in 1604. (The ...

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Seamus Justin Heaney (1939–2013) by Peter Edwards, 1987-8 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Heaney, Seamus Justin (1939–2013), poet, translator, and literary critic, was born at Mossbawn Farm, near Castledawson, co. Derry, Northern Ireland, on 13 April 1939, the oldest of nine children of Patrick Heaney (1910–1986), farmer, and his wife, Margaret Kathleen, née McCann (1911–1984). He was educated at ...

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Hearn, (Patricio) Lafcadio Carlos [Yakumo Koizumi] (1850–1904), author and translator, was born on the Ionian island of Santa Maura, Greece, on 27 June 1850, the eldest surviving child of Surgeon-Major Charles Bush Hearn (d. 1866), later of the East India Company...

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Holland, Vyvyan Beresford (1886–1967), author and translator, was born Vyvyan Oscar Beresford Wilde on 3 November 1886 at 16 (later 34) Tite Street, Chelsea, London, the younger son of Oscar Fingal O'Flahertie Wills Wilde (1854–1900) and his wife, Constance Mary, née Lloyd (1858–1898)...

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Hopkins, Richard (b. c. 1546, d. in or before 1596), Roman Catholic exile and translator, son and heir of Richard Hopkins, was admitted to the Middle Temple on 9 October 1560. He was a commoner of Magdalen College, Oxford (not St Alban Hall...

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Kilmartin, Terence Kevin [Terry] (1922–1991), journalist and translator, was born on 10 January 1922 at Church Road, Greystones, Delgany, co Wicklow, Ireland, the seventh of the eight children of Ambrose Joseph Kilmartin, an Irish civil servant, and his wife, Eva, née Hyland. His ...