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Abernethy, John (1680–1740), Presbyterian minister, was born on 19 October 1680, the son of John Abernethy (d. 1703), minister at Brigh, co. Tyrone, and his wife, a member of the family of Walkinshaw, of Walkinshaw, Renfrewshire. His father, who had settled in ...

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Adamson [Constantine], Patrick (1537–1592), archbishop of St Andrews, was born, probably in Perth, in March 1537. He was said to have been the son of a baker, but his grandfather Dionysius Adamson or Constantine was town clerk of Perth in the late fifteenth century, while his father, ...

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Armour, James Brown (1841–1928), minister of the Presbyterian Church in Ireland, was born on 20 January 1841 in the townland of Lisboy, near Ballymoney, co. Antrim, the youngest of the six children of William Armour (1795?–1864), farmer, and his wife, Jane Brown, daughter of ...

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Baillie, Lady Grisell (1822–1891), Church of Scotland deaconess, was born on 4 April 1822 at Mellerstain, near Kelso, the youngest of the eleven children of George Baillie (1763–1841) of Jerviswoode, MP for Berwickshire, and his wife, Mary, the youngest daughter of Sir James Pringle, bt...

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Balfour [née Campbell], Lady Frances (1858–1931), suffragist leader and churchwoman, was born at Argyll Lodge, Kensington, London, on 22 February 1858, the fifth daughter and tenth of twelve children of George Douglas Campbell, eighth duke of Argyll (1823–1900), and his first wife, ...

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Barclay, Thomas (1792–1873), Church of Scotland minister and university principal, was born at Unst, in Shetland, in June 1792, the youngest of the five sons of James Barclay (1745–1793), the minister of the parish, and his wife, Ursula, daughter of William Archibald, James Barclay's...

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Barclay, William (1907–1978), New Testament scholar, writer, and broadcaster, was born on 5 December 1907 in Wick, Caithness, the only child of William Dugald Barclay (1864–1936), a bank manager and lay evangelist, and his wife, Barbara Linton McLeish (1867–1932). In 1912 the family left for the industrial south-west when ...

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Begg, James (1808–1883), Free Church of Scotland minister, was born in the manse at New Monkland, Lanarkshire, on 31 October 1808. He was the second surviving son of James Begg (1762–1845), Church of Scotland minister of New Monkland, and his wife, Mary (1777–1831)...

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Bell, Patrick (1799–1869), Church of Scotland minister and inventor of agricultural machinery, was born in April 1799 at mid-Leoch, in the parish of Auchterhouse, a few miles north-west of Dundee. He was one of at least two sons of George Bell, a tenant farmer at ...

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Benson, George (1699–1762), Presbyterian minister and theologian, was born on 1 September 1699 at Great Salkeld, Cumberland, the sixth of seven children born to Joseph Benson (d. 1722) and his wife, Isabel Moorehouse (d. 1718); he was baptized on 7 September in the parish church, a not uncommon practice among dissenters at that time. His father was the grandson of ...

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Binney [Benny], Thomas (1798–1874), Congregational minister, was born on 30 April 1798 at Newcastle upon Tyne, presumably the Thomas Benny who was baptized on 3 June 1798 at Wall Knoll Presbyterian Chapel. If so, he was the son of John Benny, who was baptized on 5 September 1759 at ...

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Black, Matthew (1908–1994), biblical scholar, was born in Kilmarnock on 3 September 1908, the son of James Black (1888–1960), engineer's patternmaker, and his wife, Helen, née Currie (1889–1985), hosiery worker. He was educated at Kilmarnock Academy and Glasgow University, graduating with first-class honours in classics in 1930 and second-class honours in philosophy in 1931. He studied for the ministry, and took his BD in 1934 with distinction in ...

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Blair, James (1655/6–1743), Church of England clergyman and founder of the College of William and Mary, was the son of Peter Blair (d. 1673), Church of Scotland minister of St Cuthbert's parish, Edinburgh, and his wife, Mary Hamilton (d. in or after 1696)...

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Bonar, Horatius (1808–1889), Free Church of Scotland minister and hymn writer, was born at Edinburgh on 19 December 1808. He was the sixth son of James Bonar, the second solicitor of excise at Edinburgh, and his wife, Marjory Maitland (d. 1854), the daughter of ...

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Boston, Thomas (1676–1732), Church of Scotland minister and theologian, was born on 17 March 1676 at Duns, Berwickshire, the youngest of seven children of John Boston (1631–1701), a cooper, and his wife, Alison Trotter (d. 1691). Although he laboured in obscure parishes ...

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Brown, John [known as John Brown of Haddington] (1722–1787), minister of the Secession church and theologian, was one of four children born to John Brown (d. c.1733), weaver and salmon fisher, and Catherine, née Millie (d. c.1735), in the now abandoned hamlet of ...

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Brown, John [known as John Brown of Whitburn] (1754–1832), minister of the Secession church, was born at Haddington, Haddingtonshire, on 24 July 1754, the eldest son of John Brown of Haddington (1722–1787), Secession church minister and theologian, and his first wife, Janet (1732/3–1771)...

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Bruce, William (1757–1841), non-subscribing Presbyterian minister, was born in Dublin on 30 July 1757, the son of Samuel Bruce (1722–1767), minister of the Wood Street (later Strand Street) Presbyterian congregation in the city, and of Rose Rainey of Magherafelt, co. Londonderry. His family had supplied Presbyterian clergymen in both ...

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Buchanan, Claudius (1766–1815), East India Company chaplain, was born on 12 March 1766 at Cambuslang, a village near Glasgow, the second son of Alexander Buchanan (d. 1788), schoolmaster at Inveraray, Argyll, and his wife, the daughter of Claudius Somers. He commenced his education at ...

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Burgess, Daniel (1646–1713), Presbyterian minister, was born at Staines, Middlesex, the son of Daniel Burgess (1615/16–1679), clergyman, but soon moved to Sutton Veny, Wiltshire, where his father was rector by June 1646. Burgess senior became rector of Collingbourne Ducis, Wiltshire, in 1660 through the influence of his brother ...