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Balint, Michael Maurice [formerly Mihaly Bergsmann] (1896–1970), psychoanalyst, was born on 3 December 1896 in Baross Street, Jozsefvaros, a residential section of Budapest, Hungary. He was the first of the two children of Ignac Bergsmann, a general medical practitioner. Both his parents were descendants of German Jewish families who had been fully assimilated Hungarians for only two or three generations. He later changed his name to ...

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Katz, Sir Bernard (1911–2003), experimental physiologist, was born on 26 March 1911 in Leipzig, Germany, the only child of Max N. Katz, fur trader, and his wife, Eugenie, née Rabinowitz. Until about 1958 he used the spelling Bernhard.

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Klein [née Reizes], Melanie (1882–1960), psychoanalyst, was born on 30 March 1882 at Tiefer Gruben 8, Vienna, the daughter of Moritz Reizes (1828–1900), doctor and dentist, and a Jewish scholar from a rigidly Orthodox Polish family, and Libussa Deutsch (1852–1914), the granddaughter of a liberal rabbi. The youngest of four children, she idolized an older sister who died when ...

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F. C. Bartlett

revised by Hugh Series

Myers, Charles Samuel (1873–1946), psychologist, was born in London on 13 March 1873, the eldest son of Wolf Myers, merchant, and his wife, Esther Eugenie Moses. His father's family was principally interested in commerce. From his mother and her family came powerful social, musical, and philosophical influences. As a boy at the ...

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Roth, Sir Martin (1917–2006), psychiatrist, was born on 6 November 1917 in Budapest, in the dying days of the Austro-Hungarian empire, the second of the three children of Samuel Simon Roth, cantor in a synagogue, and his wife, Regina. In 1925 the family moved to ...