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Abercromby, David (d. 1701?), physician and philosopher, most probably belonged to the Abercrombys of Seaton in the north-east of Scotland where he is believed to have been born. It is not known if Abercromby married or had children, although what survives of his biography makes marriage unlikely. Nothing is known of his parentage....

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John Canton (bap. 1718, d. 1772) by unknown artist, 1740s © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Canton, John (bap. 1718, d. 1772), experimental philosopher and schoolmaster, was born at Stroud, Gloucestershire, and baptized in the old chapel there on 31 July 1718, the son of John Canton, a broadcloth weaver. He was expected to follow his father's trade, and left school early to start an apprenticeship. He persisted with his studies in the evenings, however, and his father was eventually persuaded to allow him to go to ...

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Davidson, Thomas (1840–1900), philosopher and adult educationist, was born on 25 October 1840 in Old Deer, Aberdeenshire, the elder child of the unmarried Mary Warrender, a farm labourer, and Thomas Davidson, a farmer. His brother, John Morrison Davidson, journalist and radical, was born in 1843. When his grandfather died, his grandmother, by now widowed mother, and aunt moved to the nearby village of ...

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Godwin, William (1756–1836), philosopher and novelist, was born on 3 March 1756 at Wisbech, Cambridgeshire, the seventh of thirteen children of John Godwin (1723–1772), a dissenting minister, and his wife, Anne (c.1723–1809), the daughter of Richard Hull, a shipowner engaged in the ...

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Maker: James Northcote

William Godwin (1756–1836) by James Northcote, 1802 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Hutchinson, Marjorie Eileen Henrietta Grice- [married name Marjorie Eileen Henrietta von Schlippenbach], Baroness von Schlippenbach (1909–2003), historian of economic thought and Hispanist, was born on 26 May 1909 at The Lodge, Silverdale Road, Eastbourne, Sussex, the only child of George William Grice-Hutchinson (1877–1959)...

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R. B. Braithwaite

revised by Raffaella Simili

Johnson, William Ernest (1858–1931), logician, was born at 1 Millington Road, Cambridge, on 23 June 1858, the fifth child and second son of William Henry Farthing Johnson, proprietor and headmaster of Llandaff House School, Cambridge, and his wife, Harriet, daughter of Augustine Gutteridge Brimley...

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Le Clerc, Jean (1657–1736), theologian and philosopher, was born on 29 March 1657 ns in Geneva, the second son of Étienne Le Clerc (1599–1676), professor at the académie in Geneva, and his second wife, Suzanne Gallatin, daughter of the counsellor Marin Gallatin. He received his education in ...

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Ramsay, Sir George, ninth baronet (1800–1871), philosopher, elder brother of William Ramsay (1806–1865), professor of humanity at Glasgow University, was born at home on 19 March 1800. He was the second son of Sir William Ramsay, seventh baronet (d. 1807), of Bamff House, Aylth, Perthshire...