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Allen, Sir James (1855–1942), politician in New Zealand, was born on 10 February 1855 in Adelaide, South Australia, the son of James Allen and his wife, Esther, née Bax. His mother died when he was very young and his father, a New Zealand...

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Sir Harry Albert Atkinson (1831–1892) by unknown photographer, c. 1880 Alexander Turnbull Library, National Library of New Zealand, Te Puna Matauranga o Aotearoa (F-23108-1/2)

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Atkinson, Sir Harry Albert (1831–1892), farmer and premier of New Zealand, was born on 1 November 1831 at Broxton, Cheshire, the fourth son and the seventh of the thirteen children of John Atkinson (1798–1856), an architect and stonemason, and his wife, Elizabeth Smith (...

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John Ballance (1839–1893) by Alfred Martin, 1875–89 Alexander Turnbull Library, National Library of New Zealand, Te Puna Matauranga o Aotearoa / Tesla Studios Collection (G-70344-1/2)

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Ballance, John (1839–1893), newspaper proprietor and premier of New Zealand, was born on 27 March 1839 at Ballypitmave, near Glenavy, co. Antrim, Ireland, the eldest of the eleven children of Samuel Ballance (1800–1879), a tenant farmer, and his wife, Mary McNiece, the daughter of ...

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Bell, Sir Francis Henry Dillon (1851–1936), lawyer and prime minister of New Zealand, was born in Nelson, New Zealand, on 31 March 1851, the eldest of the six sons (he had one sister) of Sir Francis Dillon Bell (1821/2–1898) and his wife, Margaret (...

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(Joseph) Gordon Coates (1878–1943) by Lindsay Mitchell, c. 1935 [detail] © reserved; collection National Portrait Gallery, London

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Coates, (Joseph) Gordon (1878–1943), prime minister of New Zealand, was born on 3 February 1878 at Ruatuna, just outside Matakohe in Northland, New Zealand, the son of an English father, Edward Coates (1843–1905), and his northern Irish wife, Eleanor Kathleen Aickin (1851–1935). His family gave qualified support to the ...

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Alfred Domett (1811–1887) by unknown photographer, after 1870 Alexander Turnbull Library, National Library of New Zealand, Te Puna Matauranga o Aotearoa

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Domett, Alfred (1811–1887), writer and premier of New Zealand, was born on 20 May 1811 at Camberwell Grove, Camberwell, Surrey, the sixth of the nine children of Nathaniel Domett, a shipowner, and his wife, Elizabeth Curling. He was educated at Stockwell Park House...

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E. C. K. Gonner

revised by David Hamer

Featherston, Isaac Earl (1813–1876), politician in New Zealand, the fourth son of Thomas Featherston, a wealthy retail grocer of Newcastle upon Tyne, and his wife, Jane Earl, was born at Newcastle on 21 March 1813. He was educated at a private school in ...

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FitzGerald, James Edward (1818–1896), politician and civil servant in New Zealand, was born on 4 March 1818 in Bath, Somerset, the fifth and youngest son of Gerald FitzGerald of Kilminchy, Queen's county, Ireland, and his second wife, Catherine (d. 1819), the daughter of the ...

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Forbes, George William (1869–1947), prime minister of New Zealand, was born at Norwich Quay, Lyttelton, New Zealand, on 12 March 1869, the third son of Robert Forbes, a sailmaker and ship's chandler, and his wife, Annie Adamson. He attended the Lyttelton borough school...

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W. P. Reeves

revised by Raewyn Dalziel

Fox, Sir William (1812–1893), premier of New Zealand, born at Westoe, co. Durham, in June 1812, was the third of the five surviving sons of George Townshend Fox, deputy lieutenant of co. Durham, and his wife, Ann Stote, née Crofton. He was admitted commoner of ...

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Peter Fraser (1884–1950) by Elliott & Fry, 1942 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Fraser, Peter (1884–1950), prime minister of New Zealand, was born on 28 August 1884 in the highland village of Fearn, Ross-shire, the fifth of six children of Donald Fraser, the village shoemaker, and his wife, Isabella McLeod. Peter left the local board school for a carpentry apprenticeship when he was fourteen, already with an interest in politics inherited from his father, who was a leading member of the local branch of the ...

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Sir George Grey (1812–1898) by George Richmond, 1854 Auckland Art Gallery Toi o Tamaki, gift of Sir George Grey, 1887

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Grey, Sir George (1812–1898), colonial governor and premier of New Zealand, was born in Lisbon, Portugal, on 14 April 1812 into a genteel English family, a cadet branch of the family of the earls of Stamford. His mother, Elizabeth Anne Grey, née Vignoles...

Article

A. B. White

revised by Elizabeth Baigent

Hall, Sir John (1824–1907), premier of New Zealand, born at Hull, probably on 18 December 1824, was the third son of George Hall, a shipowner, of Hull and of Elloughton, Yorkshire, and his wife, Grace Williamson. After attending a dissenting academy, at the age of ten he went abroad to finish his education in ...

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Holland, Sir Sidney George (1893–1961), prime minister of New Zealand, was born at Greendale, Canterbury, New Zealand, on 18 October 1893, the fourth son among the eight children of Henry Holland (1859–1944), a haulage contractor and later mayor of Christchurch and a member of ...