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Adams, James (1737–1802), Jesuit and philologist, was born on 3 November 1737 to William Adams and Anne or Sarah Spencer; he refers to Bury St Edmunds as his 'native town' (Euphonologia Linguae Anglicanae, 1794, 7). He was educated at the Jesuit college in ...

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Bathe, William (1564–1614), Jesuit and linguistic scholar, was born on Easter Sunday, 2 April 1564, the eldest son of John Bathe (or Bath, d. 1586), of Drumcondra on the outskirts of Dublin, and his wife, Eleanor (d. c.1575), daughter of Jenico Preston, ...

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Geoffrey the Grammarian (fl. 1440), lexicographer and Dominican friar, is the identity attached by tradition to the compiler of the Anglo-Latin dictionary known as the Promptorium parvulorum. In a Latin preamble the compiler says of himself only that he is 'fratrem predicatorem reclusum Lenne Episcopi...

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Ó Maolmhuaidh, Froinsias [Francis O'Molloy or Molloy] (c. 1606–1677?), theologian and grammarian, was born in the diocese of Meath, most probably in the traditional O'Molloy territory of Fercall, in the King's county portion of that diocese. His precise position within the O'Molloy kin group is not known. In old age he recorded stories he had heard from eyewitnesses in his youth of a great Christmas banquet for 960 people, lasting twelve days, held by ...

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O'Brien, John (1701–1769), Roman Catholic bishop of Cloyne and Ross and lexicographer, was born in Ballyvoddy, near Glanworth, co. Cork, the son of Thomas O'Brien, a farmer, and his wife, Eleanor McEniry. His parents, both of good descent, were well connected both at home and on the continent. By 1720 he had already left for ...

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Pinnock, Osbern [known as Osburn Pinnuc Claudianus] (fl. c. 1148), Benedictine monk, theologian, and lexicographer, was a monk at St Peter's Abbey, Gloucester, under Abbot Hamelin (1148–79) and possibly Gilbert Foliot (1139–48). The name Pinnuc (BL, Royal MS 8 B.xxi) suggests birth near ...

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Robert, Gruffydd [Griffith Roberts] (fl. 1558–1598), Roman Catholic priest, humanist, and grammarian, hailed from the southern part of Caernarfonshire, possibly Arfon or the Llŷn peninsula. In the Status Cleri records of the archdiocese of Milan he names his father and mother as ‘Robertus’ and ‘Caterina de Griffi[th]’, although these individuals cannot be further identified with any certainty. In the same records ...

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Roger [called Roger Computista] (fl. after 1350), lexicographer and Benedictine monk, is known only from references in his own biblical dictionary, Expositiones vocabulorum quae sunt in Biblia. No evidence survives to account for the sobriquet Computista under which he is commonly known, though it may refer to mathematical skills. In the ...

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Simson, Andrew (c. 1526–1591?), grammarian and Church of Scotland minister, studied at King's College, Aberdeen, probably under the humanist John Vaus and certainly under his assistant and successor Theophilus Stewart. By late May 1550 he was master of the grammar school at Perth...

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Tonneys, John (d. 1514), prior of the Austin friars, London, and grammarian, was a native of Norfolk and received his early education at the Augustinian friary in Norwich. It was probably here that he entered the order. He is said by Blomefield to have become prior of the ...