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Acworth, Angus Whiteford (1898–1981), financier and conservationist, was born on 20 October 1898 at Braeside, Shoot Up Hill, Cricklewood, London, the only son and second of the four children of Joseph John Acworth (1853–1927), businessman, and his wife, Marion Whiteford, née Stevenson (1870–1964)...

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Joy Adamson (1910–1980) by unknown photographer [with Elsa the lioness] © Elsa Conservation Trust

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Adamson, Joy [née Friederike Viktoria Gessner] (1910–1980), conservationist and artist, was born on 20 January 1910 in Troppau, Silesia, the second of the three children of Viktor Gessner (d. 1933/4), civil servant, and his wife, Traute Greipel (1888?–1973). Her mother's family was well off, owning lands and paper factories. After her parents were divorced in 1922 she was brought up by her maternal grandmother in ...

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Badham, Molly Winifred (1914–2007), zoo proprietor and conservationist, was born on 12 May 1914 at 3 Waterside, Evesham, Worcestershire, the daughter of Arthur James Badham (1889–1965), then a boot shop assistant and later a homeopath, and his wife, Edith Annie, née Sharp (1889–1980)...

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Baines, Sir Frank (1877–1933), architect and architectural preservationist, was born at 1 Maria Terrace, Stepney, Middlesex, on 7 December 1877, the fourth child of Samuel Baines (1840–1913), coppersmith, and his wife, Elizabeth, née Coates. Though Baines habitually stated that he was educated privately, he probably attended the ...

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Baker, Richard Edward St Barbe (1889–1982), conservationist, was born on 9 October 1889 at West End, near Southampton, the eldest of five children of John Richard St Barbe Baker, horticulturist, and his wife, Charlotte, née Purrott. His father grew trees for a living on his own land and from his earliest days ...

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Balharry, Richard [Dick] (1937–2015), environmental campaigner and conservationist, was born on 3 September 1937 at 36 Dronley Terrace, Muirhead of Liff, near Dundee, the son of David Balharry, employed in the building trade, who served in the Black Watch, and his wife, ...

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Barber, Derek Coates, Baron Barber of Tewkesbury (1918–2017), farmer, countryman, and conservationist, was born on 17 June 1918 in Park Road, Crumpsall, Lancashire, the son of Thomas Smith Barber (1877–1966), who ran the family’s Manchester-based import brokerage business, and his second wife, ...

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Bartlett, Abraham Dee (1812–1897), taxidermist and zoo superintendent, was born in London on 27 October 1812, second son of John Bartlett, hairdresser and brush maker, and Jane Dunster. As a boy he was allowed to play in the beast room of the Royal Menagerie, Exeter 'Change, London...

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Archibald Stansfeld Belaney [Grey Owl] (1888–1938) by Howard Coster, 1930s © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Belaney, Archibald Stansfeld [called Grey Owl] (1888–1938), impostor and conservationist, was born at 32 St James's Road, Hastings, Sussex, on 18 September 1888, the son of George Furmage Belaney (b. 1857). His mother's name appears in various forms on legal documents, as ...

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Timothy Bennett (1676/77–1756) by James Macardell, 1752 (after G. Budd) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bennett, Timothy (1676/7–1756), cordwainer and public access campaigner, is of obscure origins; details of his birth, family, and upbringing are unknown. On 19 July 1716, at All Hallows, London Wall, he married Katherine Magitt (1673/4–1749), of Kingston upon Thames, Surrey; the parish register—which also gives his wife's name as ...

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Bishop, Sir Frederick Arthur (1915–2005), civil servant and director-general of the National Trust, was born on 4 December 1915 at 118 Hampstead Road, Brislington, Bristol, the son of Alfred John Bishop, foreman for a wholesale stationers, later factory manager, and his wife, Mary Maria, ...

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Boles, Sir John Dennis [Jack] (1925–2013), colonial administrator and director-general of the National Trust, was born on 25 June 1925 at Stepney Tower Nursing Home, Southsea, Portsmouth, the son of Geoffrey Coleridge Boles (1887–1976), naval officer, and his wife, Hilda Frances, née Crofton (1894–1943)...

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Helen Alice Jane Brotherton (1914–2009) by Peter Cumming, 1989 © Peter Cumming, courtesy of Dorset Wildlife Trust

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Brotherton, Helen Alice Jane (1914–2009), conservationist, was born on 9 February 1914 at Harscott, Healing, Lincolnshire, the daughter of Eric Brotherton (1882–1968), ship repairer and businessman, and his wife, Helen, née Jakeman (1878–1964). She grew up in Leamington Spa and was educated at ...

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Brunner [née Irving], (Dorothea) Elizabeth, Lady Brunner (1904–2003), voluntary worker, was born on 14 April 1904 at 1 Upper Woburn Place, London, the daughter of Henry Brodribb Irving (1870–1919), actor–manager, and his wife, Dorothea Forster, née Baird (1873–1933), the actress who created the part of Trilby in ...

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Buxton, Aubrey Leland Oakes, Baron Buxton of Alsa (1918–2009), television executive and conservationist, was born at 153 Banbury Road, Oxford, on 15 July 1918, the younger son and third of four children of Leland William Wilberforce Buxton (1884–1967), army officer and farmer, and his wife, ...

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Buxton, Edward North (1840–1924), conservationist and brewer, was born on 1 September 1840 at Upton Lane, Stratfield, Essex, the third of six sons born to Sir Edward North Buxton, second baronet (1812–1858), and his wife, Catherine, second daughter of Samuel Gurney of Upton, Essex...