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Amherst [formerly Tyssen-Amherst], Alicia Margaret [married name Alicia Margaret Cecil, Lady Rockley] (1865–1941), garden historian, was born on 30 July 1865 at Didlington Hall, Didlington, near Mundford, Norfolk, fifth of the seven children (all daughters) of William Amhurst Tyssen-Amherst (1835–1909), landowner, and his wife, ...

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Lady Evelyn Barbara Balfour (1898–1990) by Elliott & Fry, 1943 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Balfour, Lady Evelyn Barbara [Eve] (1898–1990), promoter of organic farming and a founder of the Soil Association, was born on 16 July 1898 in Dublin, the fourth child of Gerald William Balfour, second earl of Balfour (1853–1945), and Lady Elizabeth Edith Balfour (1867–1942)...

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Bankes [née Hawtrey], Mary, Lady Bankes (d. 1661), royalist landholder, was the only daughter and an heir of Ralph Hawtrey (1570–1638) and his wife, Mary Altham (1578–1647). The Hawtreys claimed Norman descent and established themselves in Ruislip, Middlesex, in the sixteenth century. In 1618 she married ...

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See Beauchamp, William, first Baron Bergavenny

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Anne Isabella Noel Blunt, suo jure Baroness Wentworth (1837–1917) by unknown photographer [with Kassida] © Fitzwilliam Museum, University of Cambridge

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Blunt [née King], Anne Isabella Noel, suo jure Baroness Wentworth (1837–1917), traveller and breeder of Arab horses, was born on 22 September 1837 in London, the second of the three children, and the only daughter, of William King, first earl of Lovelace...

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Brailsford, Mary Ann (bap. 1791, d. 1852), originator of the Bramley's Seedling apple, was baptized at Southwell, Nottinghamshire, on 20 May 1791, the eldest daughter of Charles Brailsford (d. 1812) and his wife, Elizabeth Dickinson (d. 1837). In 1809 the family moved to ...

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Brenchley, Winifred Elsie (1883–1953), agricultural botanist, was born on 10 August 1883 in London, the only child of William Brenchley, a Camberwell schoolmaster who was once mayor of the borough, and Elizabeth Beckett. She was educated at James Allen's Girls' School in Dulwich...

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Brent, Margaret (c. 1601–c. 1671), colonist and proprietary agent in America, was born in England, the eldest daughter of Catholic gentry parents, Richard Brent (1573–1652) of the manor of Lark Stoke and Admington in Gloucestershire, and his wife, Elizabeth, daughter of Giles Reed...

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Broadhurst, Mary Adelaide (1860–1928), agricultural reformer and radical, was born at Chorlton upon Medlock, Lancashire, on 23 May 1860, the second daughter of William Broadhurst, bookkeeper for a bank, accountant, and city councillor in Manchester, and his wife, Maria, née Hutchinson. She gained an MA degree at ...

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Rosalie Caroline Chichester (1865–1949) by unknown photographer, 1928 [right, with her companion, Miss Clara Peters] National Trust, Arlington Court

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Chichester, Rosalie Caroline (1865–1949), landowner, was born on 29 November 1865 at Arlington Court, Devon, the only child of Sir Alexander Palmer Bruce Chichester (1842–1881), baronet, and his wife, Rosalie Amelia (1842/3–1908), daughter of Thomas Chamberlayne of Cranbury Park, Hampshire. Both parents came from long-established, well-connected ‘county’ families. Her paternal grandfather, ...

Article

Christie, Isabella Robertson [Ella] (1861–1949), traveller and gardener, was born on 21 April 1861 at Millbank, Cockpen, Edinburgh, the second child and elder daughter in the family of one son (d. 1872) and two daughters of John Christie (1824–1902), a Scottish coalmine owner, and his wife, ...

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Margaret H. B. Sanderson

Cochrane, Marion (d. 1559), tenant farmer, is first recorded in 1550 as the widow of John Stoddart of Lessudden (now St Boswell's), Roxburghshire. Having lost her husband when her children were young, she left on record her arrangements for the management of her family's affairs. It is the richness of the documentation, not the management, which is unusual. Although remarriage was common, many households in sixteenth-century ...

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Coker, Frances [Fanny] (1767–1820), freed slave and domestic servant, was born on 26 August 1767 on Mountravers plantation, Nevis, in the West Indies, the first of five children of Black Polly (b. c.1752, d. in or after 1823). Her mother was probably enslaved in ...

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Digby [née Fitzgerald], Lettice, Lady Digby and suo jure Baroness Offaly (c. 1580–1658), landowner, was the only surviving child of Gerald Fitzgerald (1559–1580), Lord Gerald, and his wife, Catherine (d. 1632), daughter of Sir Francis Knollys (1511/12–1596). She may have lived first on her mother's Irish jointure lands at ...

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Douglas, Margaret, countess of Douglas, and duchess of Touraine in the French nobility (b. before 1373?, d. 1450/51), landowner, was the eldest child of Robert III (d. 1406) and his wife, Annabella, née Drummond (d. 1401), and thus the sister of James I...

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Drake, Sarah Anne (1803–1857), botanical artist, was born in Skeyton, Norfolk, on 24 July 1803, the daughter of John Drake, farmer, and his wife, Sarah, née Forman (or Freman). She grew up in Norfolk, where she formed a friendship with Anne Lindley, the sister of ...

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See Dudley, Sir Robert